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J. Rice and S.M. Garcia IUCN/CEM/FEG. Fisheries, Biodiversity Conservation and Food Security. J. Sunde -ICSF. R.Tarr. Unknown. Presentation at COFI (FAO) 9-13 July 2012. Objectives and constraints. For responsible fisheries:
Presentation at COFI (FAO) 9-13 July 2012
For responsible fisheries:
For sustainable use of biodiversity:
The objective of fisheries is the constraint for biodiversity and vice versa
01 : Raise awareness on biodiversity value and sustainable use
02 : Integrate these values in development & poverty reduction strategies
03 : Eliminate subsidies, minimize impacts and provide incentives
04 : Plan for sustainable production withinsafe limits
06 : Sustainability; No IUU; No overfishing; Recovery; Impact reduction
11: 10% coverage by MPA networks and other area-based measures
12 : Prevent extinction
18 : Integratetraditional knowledge. Full participation
All this is part of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and related IPOAs.
No real conflict on principles
The Evil hides in practical implementation
In a context of growing poverty, indebtedness,
pollution and contamination, coastal degradation, freshwater withdrawal… and climate change!!!
1-UNEP 2007; 2-Worldfish 2009; 3-FAO 2009; 4-World Bank 2009
Is it possible to increase production while decreasing impacts ???
1950 1975 2000 2025 2050
From Rice and Garcia 2010-Sendai symposium
Need to add 50% to the protein harvested from the sea, BUT:
1-Pitcher and Cochrane 2002; Okey and Wright 2004. 2- Pope et al. 2006; Genner et al. 2010) 3-Garcia et al. 2012
Pro-biodiversity measures call for reducing fisheries
How will fisheries share the cost of improving biodiversity with other ocean impacters and climate change culprits is far from explicit.
Can we reduce/avoid conflict? Develop synergy?
But technical adjustments are unlikely to resolve fundamental issues
Rice and Garcia, 2010-Sendai)
This needs to be discussed seriously looking for coherent responses
This is not yet the case and the result is…
Purse seine tuna fishing on FADs and floating objects produces a certain level of by-catch. However, a total ban of this fishing practice (envisioned by some) would:
Food security Livelihoods
Because there are no fully integrated discussions, solutions to some problems in one setting are considered problems in others
Without a merger of these policy discussions, the likely outcome is failure on both governance pathways