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Japan - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Japan. Geographic Factors. Islands off coast?. Geographic Factors. Islands off coast Fewer invasions less need f or central gov’t Pick and choose for. inf l. Geographic Factors. Islands off coast Fewer invasions less need f or central gov’t Pick and choose for. Infl

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geographic factors
Geographic Factors
  • Islands off coast?
geographic factors1
Geographic Factors
  • Islands off coast
    • Fewer invasionsless need

for central gov’t

    • Pick and choose for. infl
geographic factors2
Geographic Factors
  • Islands off coast
    • Fewer invasionsless need

for central gov’t

    • Pick and choose for. Infl
  • Mountainous?
geographic factors3
Geographic Factors
  • Islands off coast
    • Fewer invasionsless need

for central gov’t

    • Pick and choose for. Infl
  • Mountainous
    • Polit Fragmentation
    • Collective Rights
geographic factors4
Geographic Factors
  • Islands off coast
    • Fewer invasionsless need

for central gov’t

    • Pick and choose for. Infl
  • Mountainous
    • Polit Fragmentation
    • Collective Rights
  • Poor natural resourcesTraders and manufacturers
centralization under yamato
Centralization under Yamato
  • Uji
  • Yamato clan unifies Japan
  • Shinto
  • Head of Yamato ClanReligious Leader
    • Same dynasty throughout Japanese History
    • Religious vs. Polit Authority
chinese influence
Chinese Influence
  • Japanese Borrowing peaks in 7th-9th
  • Examples of Chinese Influence
    • Buddhism
    • Confucian ideas gov’t/education
    • Chinese written script
  • Prince Shotoku (572-622)
    • Missions to China
    • Court ritual
    • Taxation, law codes
    • Centralized Bureaucracy
shotoku s seventeen article constitution
Shotoku’s Seventeen-Article Constitution
  • Why do we need central authority?
  • Evidence of Confucian Influence?
  • Legalist Influence?
  • Buddhist Influence?
  • Mandate of Heaven?
taika reforms 7 th
Taika Reforms (7th)
  • Continues Chinese style governance
  • Limits to Effects
    • Buddhist Resistance
    • Aristocratic Resistance
    • Results
samurai and bushi
Samurai and Bushi
  • Feudal Mini-Kingdoms
  • Bushi
  • Samurai
  • Bushido
    • Ritualized Fighting
    • Ideal Behaviors
disintegration and daimyo
Disintegration and Daimyo
  • Decline of Hojo
    • Mongols
    • Rise of MC hurts Samuraibanditry
  • Ashikaga Shogunate (1336-1573)
    • Challenges
    • Destructive Civil War
    • Daimyo
decline of samurai
Decline of Samurai
  • Decline of Bushido
  • Changes in Warfare
  • Economic Growth
  • Continued Decline in Tokugawa
japanese particularity
Japanese Particularity
  • End of Chinese Borrowings
  • Samurai/Bushido code
  • Religion
  • Women
the chronicle
The Chronicle
  • Context: KitabaakeChikafus
  • What makes Japan special?
  • Compare to China?
  • Compare to India?
  • Buddhism and Confucianism?