Japan . By Erin Shull and Cristian Garcia. What is Japan like?. Land Area: 377,915 sq km Terrain : Mostly rugged and mountainous
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By Erin Shull and Cristian Garcia
Land Area: 377,915 sq km
Terrain: Mostly rugged and mountainous
Resources: with virtually no energy natural resources, Japan is the world's largest importer of coal and liquefied natural gas, as well as the second largest importer of oil.
Total Fertility Rate: 1.39 children born/woman
MMR: 5 deaths/100,000 people per year
CMR: 2.17 deaths/1,000 people per year
IMR: 2.17 deaths/1,000 live births per year
Life expectancy: 84.19 years (Third highest in the world)
-expansion of child allowance
-introduction of childcare leave,
in child care services
-"Vision on Children and Child-Rearing" -- eliminating day-care waiting lists and integrating the kindergarten and nursery school systems
-Cash allowances of more than $3000 per child (tax break)
National Institute of Population and Social Security research:
-projects that the current population of 127 million will be 84 million in five decades' time
-working-age population (15–64) will apparently fall by nearly half from today's level of 80 million to 42 million.
-50 years from now the population and labor-force will have fallen dramatically
-The number of elderly people 65 and over will amount to 40 percent of the population, causing substantial strain on Japan's workers to sustain the non-working population.