SLEEP AND DREAMS. Made by Raminta Mockut ė PSbns1-03. CONTENT. Why Do W e Sleep and Need for Sleep The Stages of Sleep The Function and Meaning of Dreaming Sleep Disorders Circadian Rhythms Daydreams Sleeping B etter 10 Interesting Facts About Dreams Conclusion
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SLEEP AND DREAMS Made by RamintaMockutėPSbns1-03
CONTENT • Why Do We Sleep and Need for Sleep • The Stages of Sleep • The Function and Meaning of Dreaming • Sleep Disorders • Circadian Rhythms • Daydreams • Sleeping Better • 10 Interesting Facts About Dreams • Conclusion • References
Why Do We Sleep and Need for Sleep Sleep is a critical survival need, similar to eating, drinking and breathing Sleep is a requirement for normal human functioning Sleep assists physical growth and brain development in children We need sleep to restore and repair various systems in our brains A lack of sleep can make us feel edgy, weary, irritable, slow our reaction time
The Stages of Sleep • Stage 1 sleep • Stage 2 sleep • Stage 3 sleep • Stage 4 sleep • Stage 5 sleep or Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep
The Function and Meaning of Dreaming • Psychoanalytic explanations of dreams: do dreams represent unconscious wish fulfillment? • Evolutionary explanations of dreams: dreams-for-survival theory • Neuroscience explanations of dreams: activation-synthesis theory
Sleep Disorders • Insomnia • Sleep apnea • Night terrors • Narcolepsy • Sleepwalking and sleeptalking
Circadian Rhythms Biological processes that occur regularly on approximately a twenty-four-hour cycle.
Daydreams • Dreams without sleep • Fantasies that people construct while awake
Sleeping Better • Exercise during the day (at least six hours before bedtime) and avoid naps • Choose a regular bedtime and stick to it • Avoid drinks with caffeine after lunch • Drink a glass of warm milk at bedtime • Avoid sleeping pills • Try not to sleep
10 Interesting Facts About Dreams 1. You forget 90% of your dreams.2. Blind people also have dreams.3. Everybody dreams.4. In our dreams we only see familiar faces.5. Not everybody dreams in color.6. Dreams are symbolic.7. Negative emotions in dreams are more often than positive ones.8. You can have four to seven dreams in one night.9. Animals dream too.10. Men and women dream differently.
Conclusion Sleep is the regular state of natural rest observed in all mammals, birds and fish. Sleep is a critical survival need, similar to eating, drinking and breathing.
References • Robert S. FeldmanUnderstandingPsychology. 8th edition, 2008. • http://www.psychologistworld.com/sleep/(2012-02-22) • http://www.rationality.net/sleepdreams.htm(2012-02-21) • http://psychology.about.com/od/statesofconsciousness/a/SleepStages.htm(2012-02-21) • http://do-while.com/10-interesting-facts-about-dreams/ (2012-02-22)
Pictures references • http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-V1ZPBP7LFxA/TbR65-xW-iI/AAAAAAAAAqM/WEpA6UVcbIo/s1600/sleep.jpg • http://do-while.com/img/life/facts-about-dreams/facts-about-dreams07.jpg • http://images.sodahead.com/polls/001954473/1854406599_daydreaming_girl_xlarge.jpeg • http://hotcinnamonsticks.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/sweet20dreams.jpg • http://www.bizarremedical.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/sleepwalking-cartoon.gif • http://www.narcoleptics.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Narcolepsy.jpg • http://www.insomniacurestreatment.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/1.jpg • http://saglikcalisanlari.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/osaapnea.jpg • http://annawrites.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/nightmares.jpg • http://www-biology.ucsd.edu/img/gallery_images/community/Community_photo_10.jpg • http://cache.johnchow.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/sleep-dog2.jpg