Sanitation & Hygiene In Basic Schools In Ghana. The Links Between Sanitation in Schools and in Households BY JOAN AWUNYO-AKABA. PRESENTATION OUTLINE. Brief Background Problem Statement Study Objectives Research Methodology Intervention Process Recommendations Conclusions .
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The Links Between Sanitation in Schools and in Households
orientation as it tries to understand the S&H concepts and behaviours of schoolchildren and the experience of school authorities.
- Difficulty to demonstrate
understanding of good S&H concept
- Forgot about latrine and water use
- Environmental cleanliness only
- Latrine and urinal facilities – Clean not too
- Performed ALL S&H functions
- Guided by S&H prefects mainly.
- Gender roles assessment - boys did less
HYGIENE EDUCATION IN SCHOOL
Sanitary Facilities, Usage & Maintenance
(20% Nil). – Various levels of maintenance
Good Practices Identified
Poor Performers of SSHE
System for SSHE Assessment
- 1- Sanitation and Hygiene Behaviours Acquisition Process Model
- 2- The Child’s Sanitation and Hygiene Behaviour Impact Process Model
-3-Sanitation and Hygiene Behaviour Sustainability Model
Child’s Behaviour Capacity, Adoption, Change and Behaviour Setting
Home/School Environment Provides Opportunity and Facilities for Cues & Triggers for Linking Theory with Practical Action
Provides - Knowledge and skills that lead to Behaviour Capacity
Observational Learning through Social Interactions
RESOURCEFig. 2 - The Child’s Sanitation and Hygiene Behaviour Impact Process Model
f) SUSTAINABILITY OF PROGRAM’S IMPACT
Acquisition of Behaviour Capacity and Adoption
a) Social Networks and Social Support
To School SSHE Program Focus on training children as Future Parents
2) Involvement of Community leadership:
- Build Community Capacity
1)SOCIAL NETWORKS & SOCIAL SUPPORT
Multiple Levels of Influence
Pool of Committee Stake Holders
Influential and Supportive of School Environment
4) Advocators for Effective
SSHE Interventions: To
Government /District Assembly, NGO, CSO
SHEP Policy Change
Promotion of Developmental Socialization
Sustained Sanitation and Hygiene behaviour
Ability & opportunity to link Sanitation & Hygiene theory with practice.
Acquisition of Behaviour capacity & Adoptions
5 Conducive School Environment
Full Complement of School Structures & Sanitation & Hygiene cues /triggers
Well structured Sanitation and Hygiene Educational Programme
Clearly targeted specific Sanitation and Hygiene behaviour for change.
Capacity development of teachers
Active media involvement for sustained Advocacy for School SSHE programme
Employment of Trained Sanitation and Hygiene Labourers /Workers
3) Community ownership and control of Schools Environment
- Keen oversight of school Management & Environment
- Ensures schools have adequate Sanitation & Hygiene facilities always
- Community education to promote Sanitation and Hygiene facilities at home to conform to that of the schools’
- Broaden S&H scope of Sch Chn
- Expose chn to S&H options,
- Exchange visits, tours / excursions
- Use proposed models- Trng, Prog Imp & M&E
- Equally involve both boys and girls in S&H activities
- collective development of hygiene behaviour capacity, adoption, and change.
- 1st - Assess knowledge & skills of teachers on SSHE.
- 2nd - Identify or design appropriate & cost-effective S&H trng materials & models
-Review & develop IEC materials.
– Adapt & Usebehaviour change
“We see the active participation of
children: children actively involved In
decision-making at all levels and in
planning, implementing, Monitoring, and
evaluating all matters affecting the rights of the child”.
[A World Fit For Children: The Children’s Statement, UN General Assembly, May, 2002]
“Schools bring little influence to bear on a child’s achievement that is independent of his background and general social context”
“The child of today carries national
and international responsibilities
for the world of tomorrow by ensuring
that he will do all he can to make it a
better place than he met it. Yet the
child is helpless”.