Immigration Neil Squires Specialty Training Manager
The UK’s population is 61 million today. • The Government forecasts it will hit 70 million in 2028. • 70 per cent of this growth will be due to immigration.
Immigrants on work permits, not asylum seekers, are now the main source Immigrants by category Sources: Work Permits: Migration Advisory Committee, skilled, shortages, sensible : Table 2.3 Work Permits plus First Permissions plus an estimate of 50% for dependants. Asylum: Hansard 12 November 2008, Column 1214WA Spouses: Control of Immigration: Statistical Summary 1997 - 2007; Table 2.6 (EEA Spouses excluded)
Balanced migration - in a nutshell • Balanced migration would seek to bring the numbers of immigrants into line with the number of emigrants. • The main change would be to control the number of non-EU citizens who are given the right to settle permanently in the UK.
Points-Based System • Covers migrants outside the EEA and Switzerland. • Migrants must pass a points assessment before they get permission to enter or remain in the UK. • There are 5 Tiers, each has different points requirements – the number of points the migrants needs and the way they are awarded depends on the tier. • Migrants in any tier except Tier 1 (highly skilled workers) must be sponsored before applying for a visa.
Tier 2 (General) • Allows UK employers to employ nationals from outside the settled workforce to fill jobs that can not be filled by settled workers. • Coalition Govt introduced an interim limit on the number of applications under Tier 2 to prevent a ‘rush’ of applications before a permanent cap in April 2011 • From 6 April 2011 the annual limit on numbers of CoS available under Tier 2 (General) is 20,700 for those entering the UK from overseas. • Exemptions to this limit (Unrestricted CoS):- • Extensions to Tier 2 visas granted before 5th April 2011 • Changes of employment of Tier 2 visa holders granted before 5th April 2011 • Switching immigration category (provided already in UK)
Resident Labour Market Test (RLMT) • You can only recruit a migrant from outside the settled workforce if: • We have completed the RLMT and can show that no suitably settled worker is available to fill the job • The job is exempt from the RLMT (shortage occupation list) • Requirements of the RLMT: • Must be advertised to settled workers in Jobcentre Plus plus one other method (e.g. BMJ) • Advertised to calendar workers for 28 days • CoS assigned within 6 months of the date vacancy was advertised • Postgraduate Doctors do not need to meet the RLMT if they have already started Specialty Training and are applying to continue their training
Employer Responsibilities(Deanery / Practices) • Sponsorship • Deanery will issue CoS to migrants appointed to General Practice • Record Keeping • Copy of the relevant page of sponsored migrants passport evidencing entitlement to work • Migrants contact details (UK residential address / telephone number) • Reporting Duties • If migrant does not turn up for work on their first day • If migrant is absent for more than 10 consecutive days without permission • If migrants contract is terminated earlier than indicated on the CoS • Significant changes in migrants circumstances