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Internet Relay Chat. Security Issues By Kelvin Lau and Ming Li. What is IRC?. Internet Relay Chat is one of the most popular and most interactive services on the Internet. Using an IRC client (program) you can exchange text messages interactively with other people all over the world.

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internet relay chat

Internet Relay Chat

Security Issues

By Kelvin Lau and Ming Li

what is irc
What is IRC?
  • Internet Relay Chat is one of the most popular and most interactive services on the Internet.
  • Using an IRC client (program) you can exchange text messages interactively with other people all over the world.
what is irc1
What is IRC?
  • Benefits
    • Allows chat and file sharing
    • Companies can avoid fees from long distance and conference calls
  • Drawbacks
    • Consumes bandwidth
    • Means of spreading worms
    • Susceptible to flooding
    • Can be embedded in trojans and act as a hostile server unnoticed
  • Server/Client model
  • Allows DCC (Direct Computer-to-Computer) connections
    • DCC connections bypass server for direct chat and file-transfers between clients
  • Users connect to a public IRC server
  • Join channels
  • Chat with other users
  • Share files through DCC connections
how is irc used for malicious purposes
How is IRC used for malicious purposes?
  • Malicious users can privately exchange exploit information
    • Passwords
    • Warez (Pirated Software)
    • Vulnerability Information
    • Attacker Tools
      • Viruses, Worms, Flooders
intruder detection avoidance
Intruder Detection Avoidance
  • Checking that server administrators are offline
  • Exploiting backdoors to gain administrator control
  • Erasing presence from log files.
  • Uploading tools to hidden directories
  • Hiding tools in trojans to run processes in background
how is irc exploited
How is IRC exploited?
  • Servers have little control over DCC file transfers
  • IRC is not confined to a specific infrastructure, so completely private networks can be created
    • Common method for communication between attackers
    • Sets up an invitation only channel for other intruders.
distributed denial of service
Distributed Denial of Service
  • Distributed Denial of Service (DDOS) attacks
    • Clone/Flood/War bots simulate multiple users connected to a channel
    • Bots spread and infect hundreds of computers that log into the channel
    • Attacker sends a command through IRC causing all bots to simultaneously flood packets to a target
    • Attacks can use UDP, TCP, ICMP and SYN packets
distributed denial of service1
Distributed Denial of Service
  • Major company servers have been shut down by DDOS attacks (Yahoo, eTrade,, DALnet)
what if your server is being attacked right now
What if your server is being attacked, right now?
  • If the attacker uses ICMP packets, make sure your server does not reply to ICMP packets or install a firewall
  • Set the amount of connections per IP Address to 1 connection, or ban the IP Addresses of the bots
  • Have as few services as possible running, and switch of services such as FTP
  • Keep your software up to date
irc lab setup
IRC Lab Setup
  • IRC Server
    • Linux-based Unreal IRC server
    • Will modify configuration file for own use
  • IRC Client
    • PolarisX based on popular mIRC client
    • Runs on Windows
  • Kaiten DDoS program
    • Generates IRC bots
    • Capable of various flood attacks and spoofing
irc lab goals
IRC Lab Goals
  • What you will do in the lab
    • Set up Linux IRC server and Windows clients
    • Initiate chat and file transfers
    • Perform and analyze IRC DDoS attacks