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Name, Location, Climate, Landforms, and Regions of Pennsylvania. Lesson 1. 5 Themes of Geography. 1. L ocation – location of city or your community 2. P lace – where something is in relation to its surroundings ex. City in contrast to smaller communities

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Presentation Transcript
5 themes of geography
5 Themes of Geography
  • 1. Location – location of city or your community
  • 2. Place – where something is in relation to its surroundings ex. City in contrast to smaller communities
  • 3. Human-Environment Interaction – how people depend on the environment or change land
  • 4. Movement – connection between places and patterns of movement
  • 5. Region – ex. Tourist, political, business, rural, urban, suburban, or even school district
vocabulary 3 minutes to copy into your notes leave spaces between words
Vocabulary – 3 minutes to copy into your notes, leave spaces between words
  • Square mile
  • Humid continental
  • Nor’easter
  • Drought
  • Lake Effect
  • Regions
  • Landforms
  • Plain
  • Ridge
  • Plateau
  • Watershed
  • Wetlands
  • Hydroelectric power
  • Natural resource
  • Renewable
  • Non renewable
  • Loam
  • Fossil fuels
  • Anthracite
  • bituminous
slide4
1681 – name of state provided by William Penn and the King of England.
    • Penn wanted to call colony “Sylvania” (woods)
    • King added Penn in honor of William’s father
      • Penn’s woods
  • Commonwealth – founded for the common good or wealth of its people
    • Pennsylvania is one of only four states that carry title – Massachusetts, Virginia, and Kentucky
location
Location
  • Pennsylvania is 45,333 square miles
    • Square mile – a distance calculated by multiplying one mile in width by one mile in length
  • 302 miles wide and 158 miles length
climate
Climate
  • Humid continental – type of climate that offers four distinct seasons – winter, spring, summer, fall
  • Adequate rainfall and is suitable for farming
  • Average temperatures
    • July – 76 ̊ in southeast, 68 ̊ along Lake Erie
    • December – 31 ̊ in southeast, 24 ̊ along Lake Erie
    • Record high – 111 ̊ Record low - -42 ̊
landforms and regions
Landforms and Regions
  • 5 distinctive geographic regions
    • Regions – Areas which have at least one characteristic
    • Each region has common landforms and elevations
    • Landform – land surfaces with natural features such as plains, hills, valleys, mountains, plateaus.
atlantic coastal plain
Atlantic Coastal Plain
  • Along Eastern Coast of United States
  • Elevation ranges from 26 feet above sea level to sea level
  • Contains the city of Philadelphia
piedmont
Piedmont
  • Southeast region between Philadelphia and Harrisburg
  • Reaches elevation of 600 feet above sea level
  • Includes some of the most fertile soil in the United States
  • Allentown, Reading, Lancaster, York
  • Farms, fields, and forests
ridge and valley
Ridge and Valley
  • Hills – land with a rounded elevation
  • Ridges – a range of hills or mountains
  • Valleys – long depressions between ranges of hills or mountains
  • Contains the Appalachian Mountains – mountain chain that runs from Georgia to Maine
  • Ridges and valleys have individual names
slide16
Mt. Davis – state’s highest elevation at 3,213 feet above sea level, located in southern Somerset County
  • Pennsylvania mountains are low in elevation to other parts of the country
allegheny plateau
Allegheny Plateau
  • Covers 60% of Pennsylvania
  • Plateau – an elevated section of land that is relatively level in elevation
    • Elevations range from 700 to 2,500 feet
  • Pocono Mountains – formed by glacial forces
erie plain
Erie Plain
  • Northwest corner of state along Lake Erie
    • Only 4 miles wide, stretching from shoreline
  • Soil is rich in sand and silt
  • Erie – Pennsylvania’s third largest city
packet questions
Packet Questions
  • Lesson 1 – questions 1, 4, 5, 6 & 7
  • Lesson 2 – questions 1, 3, 4 & 5
  • Lesson 3 – questions 2, 3, 5 & 6
  • Lesson 4 – questions 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 & 11
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