Regions of Pennsylvania - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Regions of Pennsylvania
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Regions of Pennsylvania

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  1. Regions of Pennsylvania CHAPTER 1

  2. PA’s Borders 1 Great Lake • Lake Erie 1 River • Delaware River 6 States • New York • New Jersey • Ohio • West Virginia • Maryland • Delaware Shares a border with 6 states, 1 Great Lake, and 1 river

  3. The Mason-Dixon Line The border marked between PA and Maryland Very important during the Civil War All states north of the line were called “The Northern States” All states south of the line were called “The Southern States”

  4. Physical geography – studying about the Earth’s surface and its features features – climate, people, cities, landforms, plants, and animals Region – a large surface of land area that has some feature in common.

  5. Atlantic Coastal Plain Delaware River and Philadelphia

  6. Land Formation Plain Plain – flat land Rich soil for good crops, but not much farming Philadelphia is the largest city

  7. Climate Avg Temp Jan – 31 F Avg Temp July 76 F Avg rainfall 44 in per year Avg snowfall 15-30 in per year

  8. Interesting Facts Located in SE PA Phila. Is a port city - ships come and go to import and export goods Part of ocean millions of years ago

  9. Piedmont Amish Country, Lancaster County

  10. Land Formation Gentle Rolling Hills Piedmont – the land at the base of a mountain Longest growing season in PA Lancaster – make and send goods around the country Amish – people who farm without modern equipment because of their religious beliefs

  11. Climate Avg Temp Jan – 30 F Avg Temp July 74 F Avg rainfall 43 in per year Avg snowfall 15-30 in per year

  12. Interesting Facts Starts W of Philly Best soil in the USA Many different animals and crops Many factories that process foods

  13. Ridge and Valley Perry County, South of Newport

  14. Land Formation Ridge and Valley ridge – hills and mountains in a narrow chain valley– the land, lower, between two ridges Soil in the valleys are excellent for grazing cattle and growing crops

  15. Climate Avg Temp Jan – 25 F Avg Temp July 71 F Avg rainfall 30-44 in per year Avg snowfall 30-65 in per year

  16. Interesting Facts Only 100 miles wide Each ridge and valley has a separate name The GREAT VALLEY runs its entire length Allegheny Mountains on Western border

  17. Allegheny Plateau PA Grand Canyon

  18. Land Formation Plateau plateau – land that is higher than its surrounding area Many rivers. Streams, and thick forests Pocono Mountains

  19. Climate Avg Temp Jan – 26 F Avg Temp July 72 F Avg rainfall 30-44 in per year Avg snowfall 30-65 in per year

  20. Interesting Facts W of Ridge and Valley More than half of PA PA 2nd largest city - Pittsburg Mt. Davis – highest point in PA

  21. Erie Lake Erie

  22. Land Formation Plain Borders Lake Erie, one of the Great Lakes City of Erie is a port city

  23. Climate Avg Temp Jan – 24 F Avg Temp July 69 F Avg rainfall 44 in per year Avg snowfall 65-100 in per year

  24. Interesting Facts NW PA Was once part of Lake Erie PA 3rd largest city - Erie In a snowbelt region – get a lot of snow in the winter because it is near a lake

  25. State Symbols State Seal State Coat of Arms

  26. State Symbols State Flower: Mountain Laurel State Fish: Brook Trout

  27. Project Check List PARAGRAPH • Climate • Landforms • Population • Major city • Interesting facts MAP • 5 regions labeled • 5 landforms, labeled • Water – 2 forms • 3 major cities (port city, capital, and any other • 6 border states – labeled • Map key • Title (same as group name)