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Common STDs Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STIs Sexually Transmitted Infections PowerPoint Presentation
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Common STDs Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STIs Sexually Transmitted Infections

Common STDs Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STIs Sexually Transmitted Infections

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Common STDs Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STIs Sexually Transmitted Infections

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  1. Common STDsSexually Transmitted DiseasesorSTIsSexually Transmitted Infections 20.3

  2. OBJECTIVES • Describe how STDs can be spread • List ways STDs damage a person’s health • Identify the symptoms & treatments of common bacterial, viral, & parasitic STDs • Describe the symptoms & treatments of common STDs caused by viruses & parasites • State the responsibilities of people who think they may be infected

  3. How Are STDs Spread? Sexual activity that: • Brings an uninfected person in contact w/body fluids from an infected person • Contact between one person’s genitals & another person’s skin or mucous membranes – 1 person is infected • Direct contact w/open sores • A mother to her baby before birth, during birth, or breast-feeding

  4. FACTS • Most viruses that cause STDs cannot be spread through kissing, sharing eating utensils, holding hands, or using public toilets. • Not all STDs can be treated & cured • Herpes is for life! (The gift that keeps on giving)

  5. BELIEFS vs. REALITY “It is best to see if an STD goes away on its own before seeing a doctor.” • Most STDs do not go away. • Symptoms going away does not mean your are cured. “Washing the genitals after sex prevents STDs.” - No “Birth-control pills prevent STDs.” - No

  6. BELIEFS vs. REALITY “The medicine prescribed for one kind of STD will cure any STD. • Each STD is unique & requires its own medicine “If one sex partner is treated for an STD, the other partner does not need to be treated.” • Both need to be treated so they don’t reinfect each other

  7. How STDs Can Damage Your Health Some STDs: • cause painful sores that can recur throughout your lifetime. • lead to brain damage or cancer • cause infertility • are fatal

  8. Babies & STDs Some STDs can: • cause a miscarriage • cause blindness in a newborn as they travel down the birth canal • most newborns are automatically given eye drops at the hospital to help prevent blindness

  9. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF STD’s? • Bacterial – curable • Viral – non-curable • Parasites - curable

  10. 4 Most Common STDs Caused By Bacteria • Chlamydia • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) • Gonorrhea • Syphilis • Cured w/antibiotics • Will not cause permanent damage if treated early

  11. Females Pain urinating Vaginal discharge or bleeding Pelvic Pain Males Pain urinating Discharge from the penis CHLAMYDIA – BacterialSymptoms - Often None Highest rate of infection in 15 – 19 year olds. More new cases in U.S. than any other STD

  12. CHLAMYDIA

  13. CHLAMYDIA

  14. CHLAMYDIA

  15. CHLAMYDIA

  16. CHLAMYDIA Left Untreated Females • Infertility • Tubal pregnancies • PID – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Males • Injury to reproductive organs • Swollen & tender testicles Infants of Infected Mothers • Illness • Blindness

  17. Bacterial Caused by the migration of a bacterial infection from the vagina Pelvic pain Vaginal discharge Long & painful periods Spotting between periods Fever Painful urination Nausea PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID) Females only - symptoms

  18. PID – If Left Untreated • Infertility • Tubal pregnancies • Chronic pelvic pain • May require surgery to correct

  19. GONORRHEA – BacterialSymptoms – Often None • Infects mucous membranes, including the genital mucous membranes • Discharge • Painful urination • Left untreated – PID in females – scarring of urethra in men (painful urination)

  20. GONORRHEA

  21. GONORRHEA

  22. GONORRHEA

  23. SYPHILIS - Bacterial • Transmitted by touching & sexual contact • Symptoms/signs: Causes ulcers or chancres STAGES: • 1. chancre • 2. rash • 3. none= death • Cured with antibiotics in stages 1 & 2 • If untreated, it can lead to mental & physical disabilities & premature death

  24. SYPHILIS SYPHILIS

  25. SYPHILIS

  26. SYPHILIS

  27. SYPHILIS

  28. Syphilis

  29. SYPHILIS

  30. SYPHILIS

  31. SYPHILIS

  32. SYPHILIS

  33. SYPHILIS

  34. SYPHILIS

  35. SYPHILIS

  36. SYPHILIS

  37. SYPHILIS

  38. SYPHILIS

  39. 4 Common STDs Caused By Viruses • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) • Genital Herpes • Hepatitis • Human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) • Symptoms can be treated • There is NO CURE for viral STDs

  40. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)(Genital Warts) • Transmitted by touching and sexual contact • Symptoms/signs: warts or bumps • It can cause cervical cancer in females • No cure - can be removed with laser treatment

  41. STAGE 1 – HPV - GENITAL WARTS

  42. HPV – GENITAL WARTS

  43. HPV – GENITAL WARTS

  44. HPV – GENITAL WARTS

  45. HPV GENITAL WARTS

  46. HPV – GENITAL WARTS

  47. HPV – GENITAL WARTS

  48. HPV – GENITAL WARTS