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  1. Clement Attlee • In 1935 elected leader of Labour Party. Served in war cabinet of Churchill. Became Prime Minister upon the Labour Party victory in 1945, while at Potsdam.

  2. Ernest Bevin • Became British Foreign Minister in 1945 under Clement Attlee. Was a strong supporter of Marshall Plan. Helped write the Brussels Pact and secured American commitment to NATO

  3. Konrad Adenauer • West Germany’s first Chancellor, he formed the Christian Democratic Union Party uniting Protestants and Catholics. His primary focus as chancellor was on a sovereign, democratic West German state solidly anchored in the West.

  4. Willy Brandt • Was a member of the Socialist Party of Germany (SPD) and mayor of West Berlin in the late 1950s and early 1960s during a very turbulent period in the city’s history. He was elected Chancellor of West Germany in 1969. Brandt was an fervent anti-Communist but adopted a more pragmatic approach known as “Ostpolitik”

  5. Winston Churchill • The Prime Minister of Great Britain during World War II. His party lost power in 1945 but he was elected to the Prime Minister post again from 1951 to 1955. He was responsible for the phrase “Iron Curtain” used in a 1946 speech in Fulton, Missouri.

  6. Chou En-Lai • Chou was the Prime Minister and chief diplomat under Mao Zedong’s rule in China

  7. Allen Dulles • Head of the CIA under Eisenhower and the beginning of the Kennedy administration. Was responsible for planning the CIA backed coups in Iran and Guatemala as well as the failed Bay of Pigs operation.

  8. John Foster Dulles • Secretary of State under Eisenhower. From his office came the concepts of massive retaliation and brinksmanship.

  9. Andrei Gromyko • He was Soviet ambassador to the U.S. from 1943-46, UN representative 1946-48, deputy foreign minister 1946-49 and foreign minister 1957 to 1985. He played a major role in developing and implementing Soviet Cold War policy.

  10. Ho Chi Minh • Founding member of the French Communist Party, founded the Indochinese Communist Party, studied in Moscow and fought alongside of Mao, in 1940 returned to Vietnam and founded the Viet Minh, League for Independence. After the split of Vietnam at the Geneva Conference he became leader of North Vietnam

  11. George Kennan • State Department official who is given credit for formulation the concept of containment. He is the author of the “Long Telegram” and the “X Article” both of which discuss the policy of containment as the method neede to address the “Soviet threat”.

  12. Nikita Krushchev • Leader of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964. He was the Soviet leader during a period of great conflict between the East and West.

  13. Joseph McCarthy • U.S. senator from Wisconsin who became famous for his accusations that the State Department and federal government were overrun by communists. This period of distrust during the early 1950s is known by the senator’s name, McCarthyism.

  14. Mao Zedong (Tse-tung) • Leader of the Chinese communists, and “father of the communist revolution” in China.

  15. George Marshall • Army Chief of Staff during World War II, served as Secretary of State from 1947-49 and Secretary of Defense from 1950-51. Initiated the European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan) while Sec. of State.

  16. Vyacheslav Molotov • Cofounded the Bolshevik newspaper Pravda with Stalin. Sided with Stalin after Lenin’s death. In 1939 he became commisar of foreign affairs, in that position he negotiated the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, was involved in the peace conferences and led the rejection of the Marshall Plan.

  17. Syngman Rhee • In 1948 elected president of the newly founded South Korean Republic.

  18. Joseph Stalin • Ruler of the U.S.S.R. from 1929 until 1953. Rose from Secretary of the Communist Party in 1922 to take control of government in 1929. After Lenin’s death was able to consolidate support and oust opponents such as Leon Trotsky in order to take control of the country. Post WWII goal was to surround Soviet Union with a buffer zone of friendly nations.

  19. Harry Truman • President during the beginning of the Cold War. His administration was responsible for the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan and dealt with the Soviets over the Berlin Blockade by instituting the Berlin Airlift. The policy of containment was developed during this period