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ASEAN AND DIALOGUE PARTNERS by Deputy Secretary-General of ASEAN Ambassador Bagas Hapsoro for the 8th ASIA ECONOMIC FORUM Phnom Penh, 18 March 2012
Key Principles • Outward looking • Open, transparent and inclusive • Dialogue and cooperation External relations in the early years: • Economic cooperation and development assistance • Donor-recipient relationship Current focus: • Equal partnership, non-discrimination and mutual benefit • Substantive dialogue and cooperation – political &security, trade, investment, S&T, ICT, HRD, environment, transnational crime, counter-terrorism and people-to-people contacts Key Mechanism • Plus One: China, Japan, Republic of Korea & India • Plus Three: ASEAN & China, Japan, Republic of Korea • EAS – ASEAN, China, Japan, Republic of Korea, India, Australia & • New Zealand
Dynamic and Outward-Looking • ASEAN’s centrality + Dynamic leadership in external relations: - ASEAN+1 (10 Dialogue Partners : Australia, Canada, China, EU, India, Japan, RoK, New Zealand, Russia, USA) - ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) : 27 participants (10 ASEAN Member States, 10 Dialogue Partners, PNG, Timor-Leste, DPRK, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh - ASEAN Plus Three (China, Japan, RoK) - East Asia Summit (EAS) : ASEAN, Australia, China, India, Japan, RoK, New Zealand - cooperation with the UN, World Bank; regional organizations/institutions (ECO, SAARC, PIF, GCC, Mercosur, SCO, ADB, UN-ESCAP, MRC)
Dynamic and Outward-Looking (continued) • Active participation of ASEAN and/or Member States in international and inter-regional dialogue and cooperation: + ASEAN-UN + Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) + APEC (Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar are still waiting to join) + G-20 (Indonesia + ASEAN Chair country) + World Trade Organization + Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) + Forum for East Asia – Latin American Cooperation (FEALAC) + Asia-Africa Summit + Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD)
ASEAN Centrality in the Global Landscape Source: Emerging Asian Regionalism: a Partnership for Shared Prosperity (ADB)
ASEAN as the unifier Southeast Asian nations under the ASEAN fold 8 August 1967: Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand established ASEAN 1984 : Brunei Darussalam joined ASEAN 1995: Viet Nam joined ASEAN 1997: Laos and Myanmar joined ASEAN 1999: Cambodia joined ASEAN Timor-Leste : wishing to join ASEAN Papua New Guinea: is also interested; but whether it belongs to Southeast Asia? PNG is in the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)
ASEAN as the peace-maker • 1976 Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC) • - Canada and Turkey acceded to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC), giving a strong signal of their commitment to cooperation with ASEAN as well as to peace and security in the region. • - The Third Protocol amending the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC) was also signed by the 27 High Contracting Parties to the TAC. • - The Third Protocol, upon its entry into force, will enable accession to the TAC by not only States but also regional organisations whose members are sovereign States, such as the EU/EC.
Ambassadors to ASEAN • Article 46 of the ASEAN Charter provides for accreditation of Ambassadors to ASEAN from non-ASEAN Member States • The proposed accreditation shall be conveyed to the SG of ASEAN, who shall inform ASEAN Foreign Ministers through the Committee of Permanent Representatives (CPR) • The ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting (AMM) shall decide on such proposed accreditation • 10 Dialogue Partners and 50 other countries have accredited their Ambassadors to ASEAN (see list on ASEC’s website at www.asean.org in External Relations section
ASEAN’s centrality • ASEAN is in the community-building mode (with concrete supporting institutional organization, and legal framework from the ASEAN Charter) • ASEAN Member States are determined to succeed in building the Community, reaching the first target of 2015 by implementing its Roadmap (consisting of three Community Blueprints and the second Work Plan for narrowing the development gap) • In the meantime, ASEAN will continue to improve its external relations and engage all of its friends and partners near and far