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Laura McCarthy, NARA. The National Archives and Records Administration Federal Records Management Regulations. NARA’s Federal Records Management Regulations. NARA’s Revisions to the Federal Records Management Regulations found at 36 CFR Chapter XII, Subchapter B.
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NARA’s Revisions to the Federal Records Management Regulations found at 36 CFR Chapter XII, Subchapter B.
So where does all this begin and how does it happen?
NARA revises or amends its regulations according to the procedures found in the the Administrative Procedures Act (APA), 1946, and other procedural statutes.
Additional requirements for rulemaking concerning Office of Management and Budget oversight:
Paperwork Reduction Act originally created the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) within OMB
May be imposed by Executive Order (see Executive Order 12,866)
Where does it say NARA has the authority to do all this?
Enabling Regulatory statute: 44 U.S.C. 2104: The Archivist shall prescribe such regulations as the Archivist deems necessary to effectuate the functions of the Archivist.
Also the Federal Records Act of 1950, as amended, establishes the basis for records management programs in Federal agencies. See 44 U.S.C. chapters 21, 29, 31, and 33.
NARA Statutory Authority:
44 U.S.C. Chapter 21, National Archives and Records Administration
44 U.S.C. Chapter 29, Records Management by the Archivist of the United States and by the Administrator of General Services
44 U.S.C. Chapter 31, Records Management by Federal Agencies
44 U.S.C. Chapter 33, Disposal of Records.
NARA’s Process for Revising Subchapter B
Initial Advanced Notice of Public Rulemaking (ANPRM) in 2004
In the ANPRM, NARA identified several reasons for revising the regulations:
Challenges of a changing recordkeeping environment
Incorporate current standards and practices
Reflect the lifecycle of records
Re-write in accordance with plain language principles
Make it easier for Federal agencies and records management contractors to follow our regulations
In response to the ANPRM, NARA received both specific and general comments
Overall, the comments were in favor, including it was time for an update and the regulations “needed to incorporate changes to address the evolution of technology.”
Recommended that NARA reference ISO 15489 throughout regs, not just part on electronic records management.
NARA’s Proposed Rule on Revisions to the Federal Records Management
Published on 8/4/2008 (73 FR 45274)
Identified the same reasons as in the ANPRM
Also indicated the Strategic Directions for Federal Records Management (7/31/03) laid out the goals, strategies, and tactics for 21st century RM.
Interagency review (under E.O. 12866) before proposed rule was published.
Final Rule published 10/2/09, effective 11/2/09.
60 day public comment period. 192 timely comments received (42 pages).
NARA review and analysis of all comments to develop draft final rule. Then coordination of comment handling with agencies.
Interagency review, again, of final rule with Obama Administration before publication
Some comments about the general layout of the revised regulations:
Consistent format: at the beginning of each part—Authorities, definitions, standards, and if incorporation by reference, also in the first sections .
If there are subparts within the parts, move from the general to the more detailed.
Part 1220, Federal Records, General:
Part 1222, Creation and Maintenance of Federal Records:
Records, personal files, and nonrecord materials.
Prescribes recordkeeping responsibilities for agencies, Federal employees, and contractors.
§ 1222.16(b): New to regulations, formerly covered in guidance for managing nonrecord materials.
Part 1222 (cont.)
Part 1223, Management of Vital Records:
Necessary action that each agency must take to ensure proper and adequate documentation for continuing agency operations in the event of an emergency or disaster.
In conformance with FCD 1 and FCD 2
Part 1224, Disposition of Federal Records; General
Specifies elements of a records disposition program
Part 1225, Scheduling Records:
Outlines the process for developing records schedules and obtaining records disposition authorities.
§ 1225.10 Statement of policy that all records must be scheduled; based on longstanding policy.
1225.12: Conducting functional or work processes analysis and flexible scheduling
Part 1225 (cont.)
§ 1225.14: Scheduling permanent records
§ 1225.16: Scheduling temporary records
§ 1225.22: When new SF 115 is needed: media neutral (see 1225.12(e))
Part 1226, Implementing Disposition:
§ 1226.12 No longer need to submit hard copies to NARA; send electronic copy via link or file.
§ 1226.14 No need to notify NARA if court-ordered expungement of temporary records.
If court ordered extension of retention, no need to contact NARA (still need to contact records storage provider).
Part 1227, General Records Schedules:
Same for most part, however, no longer include list of schedules. Link to website is provided.
§ 1227.12 Agency must notify NARA within 120 days (change from 90 days) if using agency schedule instead of GRS.
Part 1228, Loan of Permanent and Unscheduled Records
§ 1228.10 Added requirement that agencies must obtain NARA approval prior to loaning permanent or unscheduled records.
Part 1229, Emergency Authorization to Destroy Records
Change from former regulation that details procedures for destroying nitrocellulose base; procedures for this are now rolled into general procedures.
Part 1230, Unlawful or Accidental Removal, Defacing, Alteration, or Destruction of Records
Title changed to reflect wording used in 44 U.S.C. 3106
Criminal penalties are revised and readers are referred to 44 U.S.C. 641 and 2071
§ 1230.16 now includes the steps NARA will take when it receives credible information of action covered by part 1230.
Part 1231, Transfer of Records from the Custody of One Executive Agency to Another
For the most part unchanged; two sections were eliminated—transfer of records storage equipment and cost of transfers.
Part 1232, Transfer of Records to Records Storage Facilities
Substantively unchanged; the requirements section in the former regs have been broken out into requirements and necessary documentation in the current regulation.
Part 1233, Transfer, Use and Disposition of Records in a NARA Records Center
Provision that agency use designated NARA FRC as cited in the Agency Agreement.
Provides for the use of an electronic system for reference requests.
Part 1234, Facility Standards for Records Storage Facilities
Move old 36 CFR part 1228, subpart K, to new Part 1234 without any changes.
Part 1235, Transfer of Records to the National Archives of the United States
Elimination of descriptive information on the archival depositories where transferred records will be stored
§§ 1235.14 and 1235.16 specification of timeframes for NARA approval or disapproval of agency requests to retain records beyond their expected transfer date.
Part 1225 (cont.)
§ 1235.42 Added digital photographic and geospatial data records to specifications and standards of transfers.
§ 1235.50 Added transfer specs and standards for electronic mail, scanned images of textual records, pdfs, digital photographic records, and Web content records
Part 1236, Electronic Records Management
Update and reorganization of policies and procedures relating to electronic records management
Explicitly state that all records management requirements found in Parts 1220-1235 also apply to electronic records
Broadened coverage of text documents to include all unstructured records
Part 1237, Audiovisual, Cartographic, and Related Records Management
As with part 1236, reminds agencies that parts 1220-1235 pertain to part 1237, also.
Part 1238, Microforms Records Management
Only substantive change is deletion of old § 1230.50 concerning non-regulatory information on centralized micrographic services from NARA.
Part 1239, Program Assistance and Inspections