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AEF. Air and Space Expeditionary Force. AEF. Overview. Setting the Stage for Change/Background The Air and Space Expeditionary Force Concept Air and Space Expeditionary Force Structure. Setting the stage… Cold War Influence. Containment… to Engagement. A New Challenge. UNCLASSIFIED.

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AEF

Air and Space Expeditionary Force

AEF


Overview
Overview

  • Setting the Stage for Change/Background

  • The Air and Space Expeditionary Force Concept

  • Air and Space Expeditionary Force Structure


Setting the stage cold war influence
Setting the stage…Cold War Influence

Containment… to Engagement


A new challenge
A New Challenge

UNCLASSIFIED

Containment

Engagement

Large Force

Structure

1/3 Fewer

People

Extensive

Forward Basing

2/3 Fewer

Overseas Bases

Robust

Infrastructure

“Bring your own”

Infrastructure

Airmen Stayed

at Home

4 Times More

Deployments

Cold War Air Force

Today’s Air Force


Overseas basing during the cold war
Overseas BasingDuring The Cold War

Bitburg Sembach

Hahn Spangdahlem

Hessishe-Oldendorf Tempelhof

Lindsey Wuescheim

Ramstein Zweibruecken

Rhein Main

Thule

Alconbury Lakenheath

Bentwaters Mildenhall

Chicksands Molesworth

Croughton Upper Heyford

Fairford Wethersfield

Greenham Common Woodbridge

High Wycombe

Soesterberg

Florennes

Izmir

Ankara

Incirlik

Pirinclik

Misawa

Yokota

Osan

Kunsan

Lajes Field

Zaragoza

Torrejon

Moron

Iraklion

Hellenikon

Kadena

Dhahran

Clark

Aviano

San Vito

Comiso

Howard

Albrook

Andersen

Cold War Air Force - ContainmentStrategy


Overseas basing today 70 reduction
Overseas BasingToday…70 Reduction

Spangdahlem

Ramstein

Thule

Lakenheath

Mildenhall

Molesworth

Croughton

Incirlik

Misawa

Yokota

Osan

Kunsan

Lajes Field

Kadena

Aviano

Andersen

  • Post Cold War

    • Reduced force structure and fewer forward locations


Aef basics contingency basing
AEF Basics Contingency Basing

Geilenkirchen

Rhein Main

Einsiedlerhof

Brize Norton

Fairford

Taszar

Tuzla

Istres

Akrotiri

Rota

Moron

Budapest

Brindisi

Rimini

Cervia

Gioia Del Colle

Sigonella

Falconra/Ancona

Tirana

Thessaloniki

Curacao

Aruba

Al Jabar

Shaikh Isa

Camp Doha

Ali Al Salem

Taif

Prince Sultan

Seeb International

Al Dahfra

Manta

Diego Garcia

21st Century AF engagement requires expeditionary basing


Global engagement averages
Global Engagement Averages

Over 70,000 mobility deployments to 140 countries

Over two million daily rations delivered in Afghanistan

Almost 8,000 Airmen standing watch in Korea

Deliberate Forge

Joint Forge

Over 30 deployments to Northern Watch and over 14,000 sorties flown

Korean Theater

Nearly 50 Southern Watch deployments and over 15,000 sorties flown

Northern Watch

De-Mining

Able Sentry

Arrival Zone

Southern Watch

JIATF East

Haiti

De-Mining

Transit Zone

JTF Full Acctg

De-Mining

JIATF South

JTF Bravo

Safe Border

Laser Strike

De-Mining

Over 100 Denton Amendment humanitarian relief missions to 30 countries

Source Zone

De-Mining

Over 1000 counter-narcotics sorties to Latin America

( 65 in 1999 )

Legend

Forward Bases

Current Ops

Current Peace Operations

Post-Cold War Ops


The need for aef
The Need for AEF

  • Post Cold War Reality …

    • 45% less end strength – 657K to 320K

    • 45% less overseas – 107K to 59K

    • 70% overseas basing infrastructure gone – from 50 down to 15

    • Regional hotspots

    • 400% increase in OCONUS ops tempo

  • Post Gulf War presence mission imbalance

    • Only 12% of eligible airmen carrying the load (80K of 657K)

    • Retention and recruitment concerns rising

    • Combat capability eroding

    • Limited predictability and stability

  • WHAT DID WE DO TO CHANGE THIS?


What is an aef concept
What is an AEF? Concept

  • Beginning in 1999, the AEF concept became the “Air Force’s guiding vision for how we organize, train, and equip to deploy and sustain our Air Forces for military operations oversees”

  • …should provide:

  • A New Playbook to meet combatant commander’s needs

  • Smarter Use of all resources

  • Better integration of the Total Force

  • Method to quantify “cost of engagement”

Bottom Line:

It’s how we present AF Forces to the Combatant Commander



A more deployed force
A More Deployed Force

On average there are 14,600 AF members deployed during non–crisis state (35,000 currently 07)


Structure of an aef
Structure of an AEF

  • AEF pair is a collection of combat capability that

  • allows us to better manage the combat employment

  • 10 / 4 / 20

    • 10 AEFs (5 pairs)

    • 4-month rotation

    • 20-month AEF cycle

      * Some career fields are forced to use 6 month rotations

During ‘Steady State’ battle rhythm the AEF provides predictability

and stability to our troops and their families


Structure of an aef1
Structure of an AEF

  • Band “A” 4 months/16 months

  • Band “B” 6 months/2 years

  • Band “C” 6 months/18 months

  • Band “D” 6 months/12 months

  • Band “E” 6 months/6 months


The aef cycle steady state battle rhythm
The AEF Cycle(‘Steady State’ Battle Rhythm)

Normal TrainingPeriod

Employ

Maintenance & Modifications, Composite Force Exercises, Inspections, etc.

Deployment

Eligibility

CYCLE

A 20-month CYCLE with one 4-month ROTATION

2 Months

4 Months

14 Months

Preparation

Period

Site-specific

Deployment

Preparation

DEPLOYMENT Window

  • Maintains a sustainedhigh-level of readiness

  • Facilitates better reconstitution / training

  • Preserves predictability / stability

  • Helps minimize retention impacts

Key to maintaining and sustaining combat capability


Air force organizational structure total force in action
Air Force Organizational Structure… Total Force In Action……..

ARC FORCES

ACTIVE FORCES

ACTIVE FORCES

ACTIVE FORCES

Aerospace

Expeditionary

Units

UNIT

UNIT

UNIT

UNIT

10 AEFs -- A Total Force Solution

Regional

Components

MAJCOM

MAJCOM

MAJCOM

MAJCOM

Theater

Warfighting

Commands

NAF

NAF

NAF

NAF

Aerospace

Units


Aef comparison joint ops in action
AEF ComparisonJoint Ops in Action

12 Carrier Strike Groups

10 Divisions/28 Brigades

10 AEFs = 5 pairs


Typical aef composition typical aef pair
Typical AEF CompositionTypical AEF Pair

  • 2 Theater Airlift SQ

  • 2 Air Refueling SQ

  • Operations Support Aircraft (OSA), Low Density / High Demand (LD/HD) Aircraft

  • Expeditionary Combat Support (ECS)

  • Average # personnel in pair: 45,000

  • Average # aircraft in pair: 400

  • 2 Air Superiority Squadron (SQ)

  • 4-6 Multi-Role Fighter SQ

    • Precision Guided Munitions (PGM)

    • Close Air Support (CAS)

    • Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses (SEAD)

  • 2 Bomb SQ

    • Conventional Air Launched Cruise Missile (CALCM)

    • Precision Guided Munition (PGM)

    • Maritime Operations


Aviation alignment aef 8
Aviation Alignment - AEF #8

175th Ftr Sq

SD ANG

7th Bomb Wing

Dyess AFB

93rd Ftr Sq

Homestead AFR

Precision Munitions

466th Ftr Sq

Hill AFB

Precision Munitions

457th Ftr Sq

Fort Worth AFR

Precision Munitions

55th Ftr Sq

Shaw AFB

Air Def Suppression

174th Ftr Sq

Iowa ANG

94th Ftr Sq

Langley AFB

AEF

457 Ftr Sq

Every Fighter and Bomber Squadron on-call or deployed--

120 days every 20 months…(exceptions like the stealth)


Expeditionary combat support alignment aef 8
Expeditionary Combat Support Alignment - AEF #8

93 FS GM

= ANG

= AFRES

= ACTIVE

ECS Contribution from 75 Active, 18 ANG, 11 AFRC Bases


Aef rotation cycle
AEF Rotation Cycle

20 Month Cycle

AEF 1 & 2

AEF 3 & 4

AEF 5 & 6

AEF 7 & 8

Normal Training & Exercises

Spin-up/ Deploy Prep

AEF 9 & 10

Sept 09

Jan 09

Sept 08

May 08

Jan08


When we are successful our expeditionary airmen

Think light and lean

Know their teammates

Are truly “mission briefed”

Have extensive job continuity

Have families that are just as “ready”

Have increased situational awareness (SA)

Know how the AF works and where they fit in

Know who’s in charge and where to get support

Are self-sustaining or efficiently sustained via reachback

Understand standardization makes them “plug and playable”

Have access to, and are rated against, measures of success

When We Are SuccessfulOur Expeditionary Airmen

Operate in any environment and despite “fog and friction” of war,

still accomplish the combat mission … that’s “expeditionary”


Take away points in summary
Take Away PointsIn Summary

  • Background, concept, and structure

  • AEF Transition began 1 Oct 99

  • AEF concept has and will evolve

  • AEF rotations allow us to:

    • Manage resources better and level playing field for deployments

    • Be responsive to Combatant Commander’s airpower needs

    • Take care of our people -- Predictability and Stability

    • Level the playing field for deployments

  • Max 120 days/year TDY still the AF goal

  • Some critically manned AFSC’s still heavily taxed

  • Everyone has a role to play in AEF…whether stateside or deployed…whether pilots, security forces, or cooks


Aef rotation cycle1
AEF Rotation Cycle

MAJOR

COMMANDs

Combatant

Commander

Normal Training Period

Preparation

Period

EMPLOY

- On-Call

- Deployed

4 Months

Maintenance & Modifications, Composite Force Exercises, Inspections, etc.

14 Months

- AOR Train

- Deploy Prep

2 Months

Trained to Task for the Warfighter


Questions to ask
Questions to Ask

  • Do we / I support an AEF?

  • Which one?

  • When can I expect to deploy?


AEF

USAF

REMEMBER

“The Air Force’s first and most important task is to maintain a razor sharp focus on our primary mission – to Fly, Fight and Win.”

AEF

26


UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED



Homework
Homework

  • UCC Briefs

    • 9/11 Nov


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