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Spanish 1. Unidad 2 Etapa 1 “ Un Día de Clases ”. -Ar Verbs. Bringing Conjugation Back!. Introduction to verb conjugation. Click Here. -AR Verbs. The present tense is used when talking about things we are currently doing. It can also be used to talk about things in the near future.

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Spanish 1

Spanish 1

Unidad 2 Etapa 1

“Un Día de Clases”


Ar verbs

-Ar Verbs


Bringing conjugation back
BringingConjugation Back!

Introduction to verb conjugation.

Click Here.


Ar verbs1
-AR Verbs

  • The present tense is used when talking about things we are currently doing. It can also be used to talk about things in the near future.

  • In English and Spanish verb conjugation must occur to make the sentence make sense. ALL VERBS MUST AGREE WITH THE SUBJECTS!

  • In English, we use a lot of helping verbs to communicate present actions. “She is swimming, We are running, I am eating”.

  • In Spanish the conjugation of the verb communicates the same thing. THERE ARE NO HELPING VERBS! We say, “She runs, We run, I eat”.


Ar verbs2
-Ar Verbs

  • To form the present tense of a regular verb that ends in –ar ,

  • DROP the –AR ending

  • ADD the appropriate ending that agrees with the subject:

Nadar

Nad-

o

amos

yo

nado

nadamos

nosotros (as)

as

X

nadas

an

a

nada

nadan

él, ella, usted

ellos(as), ustedes


Remember
Remember!

  • THERE ARE NO HELPING VERBS IN SPANISH!

  • Examples:

    • Los estudiantes/estudiar

      • Los estudiantes estudian. The students study/are studying.

    • Tú/llevar

      • Tú llevas. You wear/are wearing.

    • Mariana/esperar

      • Mariana espera. Mariana waits/is waiting

O AMOS

AS X

A AN


Practice actividad 7
Practice – Actividad 7

  • Modelo – Elena estudia historia.

  • Yo estudio español.

  • Mis amigos estudian matemáticas.

  • Nosotros estudiamos ingles.

  • Federico estudia ciencias.

  • Tu estudias los estudios sociales.

  • Juana y Miguel estudian arte.

  • Ella estudia música.

  • Lorenzo y yo estudiamos literatura.

  • Ellas estudian computación.

  • Ustedes estudian historia.


Adverbs of frequency

Adverbs of Frequency


Expressing frequency with adverbs
ExpressingFrequencywithAdverbs

  • To talk about how often someone does something use expressions of frequency.

  • Expressions of frequency are adverbs or adverbial phrases.

  • These expressions are usually placed before the verb:

    • siempre – always (Isabel siempre llega tarde a la escuela.)

    • rara vez – rarely (Isabel rara vez habla en la clase.)

    • nunca – never (Isabel nunca usa un diccionario.)

  • These expressions are usually placed after the verb:

    • mucho – often (Ricardo estudia mucho.)

    • poco – a little (Isabel habla poco en la clase.)

  • Longer phrases can be placed at the beginning or the end of the sentence:

    • todos los dias – everyday (Todos los dias Isabel llega tarde.)

      (Isabel llega tarde todos los dias.)

    • a veces – sometimes (A veces Isabel llega tarde.)

      (Isabel llega tarde a veces.)

    • de vez en cuando – once in a while (De vez en cuando Isabel llega tarde.(Isabel llega tarde de vez en cuando.)


Expresssing obligations

ExpresssingObligations

Hay Que & Tener Que


Expressing obligations
ExpressingObligations

  • Totalkaboutthingssomeonemust do, you can use twodifferentphrasesthatexpressobligations.

  • Ifthereisno specificsubject, use theimpersonalphrase:

    HAY QUE + INFINITIVE

  • Ifthereis a specificsubject, use a form of tener in thephrase:

    TENER QUE + INFINITIVE

  • Remembertoconjugate tener!

    tengo tenemos

    tienes x

    tiene tienen


Expressing obligations1
ExpressingObligations

  • I have to run.

    • Yo tengo que correr.

  • One must wait.

    • Hay que esperar.

  • Celia and Maria have to talk to the teacher

    • Celia y Maria tienen que hablar con la maestra.

  • One has to study Spanish.

    • Hay que estudiar espanol.

  • You have to help your brother.

    • Tú tienes que ayudar a tu hermano.


Nota gram tica p114
*Nota Gramática p114

  • Use el and la before titles like profesor(a) and señor(a) when talking about someone.

    • Tengo que hablar con la profesora Díaz!

    • El señor Martinez es el profesor de ingles.

  • Do not use articles when talking to someone.

    • “No tengo mi tarea, profesora Díaz.”

      Actividad 18

    • La

    • -

    • -

    • La