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Archival Optical Disc System Government Information Preservation Working Group Presentation. October 14, 2003. Agenda. Introduction Discussion on industry concerns with optical media performance Discussion on the issues causing concerns Proposal for a concept to address concerns

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archival optical disc system government information preservation working group presentation

Archival Optical Disc SystemGovernment Information Preservation Working Group Presentation

October 14, 2003

  • Introduction
  • Discussion on industry concerns with optical media performance
  • Discussion on the issues causing concerns
  • Proposal for a concept to address concerns
  • Request for support from Working Group members to validate concept
Y2003 Revenue: $1.163 B

54% international

Operations in 60 countries

2,800 employees, 300 in R&D

Headquarters: Oakdale, MN

Data Storage & Info. Mgmt.

Removable Media




Data Center Services

Government Services

Imation Corp


World Headquarters, Oakdale, Minnesota, USA

imation is the only u s based manufacturer of removable media



  • Production Facilities

 Worldwide Headquarters


Imation is the Only U.S.-Based Manufacturer of Removable Media
  • State-of-the-art manufacturing facilities
  • All plants certified to new ISO 9001:2000 standards
Imation’s Advanced Global Technical

Centers Support Customer Needs Worldwide

  • Oakdale, Minnesota
  • Neuss, Germany
  • London, Ontario, Canada
  • Weatherford, Oklahoma
  • Tokyo, Japan
  • Beijing, China







imation 3m optical product history










12” Video Disc

Imation/3M Optical Product History









5.25” Rewritable



1 GB

650 MB

1.3 GB

12” Write-Once

Magneto-Optical Near Field

Photopolymer Holography

Magnetic Patterned Media

royal philips electronics

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

One of the largest global electronics company with 2003 sales of EUR 29 bln (H1 2004 EUR 13,911 mln)

Multinational workforce of 165,600 employees

Active in the areas of medical systems, domestic appliances and personal care, consumer electronics, lighting, semiconductors and optical storage

Present in over 150 countries

R&D expenditures

H1 2004 EUR 1,268 mln

2003 EUR 2,600 mln

Royal Philips Electronics
core competence in optical storage
Patents & Licensing

Optical PickUp

Core Competence in Optical Storage

IC’s / Embedded software

CD/DVD Modules

Automotive Modules

Data products

Consumer Electronics Products

Optical Discs

leading in technology
Leading in Technology
  • DVD+R/+RW Philips first to market:
    • DVD+R/RW drives 16x
    • DVD+R 16x Media
    • DVD+R DL 8.5 GB Media
  • Blu-ray disc
    • Triple Writer, OPU 81
  • Solid State Changer for Automotive
philips optical storage
Philips Optical Storage

Main Production and Development Centers




CMC Taipei


PBDS Taipei


Development centers

Production centers

Production partners

issues to be addressed
Issues to be addressed
  • There are many industry concerns regarding reliability and performance of optical media
    • Compatibility - Media / Drive
    • Ease of use
    • Quality of recordings – how to verify
    • Lifetime of media – how long will it last
    • Data obsolescence – will old media read on new drives
  • Concerns expressed by NIST and end-users
    • Business and professional users
    • Home consumers
are concerns real or perceived
Are concerns real or perceived?
  • Current technology is designed for robust performance
    • Technology implementation has large variability
  • Need to be able to verify that the technology is performing safely within specifications
    • Unrecoverable data cannot be the first indicator of a problem
  • Need to verify performance of both media and drive
why is there variability
Why is there variability?
  • Optical is truly a consumer product
    • open format with many media and drive manufacturers
    • vast majority of manufacturers are media only or drive only producers
    • typical media factory has 10’s to 100’s of lines
    • multiple “compatible” formats
    • rapid technology migration
    • extremely cost competitive
what influences long term reliability
What influences long-term reliability?
  • Media
    • Materials
      • Dyes, seal-coats, plastics, metals (reflectors)
    • Robust manufacturing process
      • Mastering through printing / labeling
      • Environmental control
    • Manufacturing control
      • Repeatable process
      • Materials / supplier management
      • Trained and experienced labor force
but its more than just media
But its more than just media…
  • Drive and System Management
    • Recording process
    • Recording speed
    • Data verification
  • Care and Handling
    • Environmental containment (Heat, Light, Moisture, Debris)
    • Scratch-resistance
  • Long lived
    • System migration - utilize latest technology
    • Data migration - avoid costly data conversion
    • Data protection – true write-once media, security
concept proposal archival optical disc system
Concept Proposal – Archival Optical Disc System
  • System based on CD, DVD and Blu-ray standard
    • Not a new disc format
    • Read-out compatible with installed base of optical drives
  • When disc is recorded in drive,
    • Quality of recording (data) is verified at time of recording
    • System will have ability to monitor “health” of disc each time disc is read to ensure long-term reliability
  • Vital information describing recording characteristics is written to disc for on-going audit purposes
    • Timestamp information
    • Version control
    • Drive identifier
  • Disc and drive are enhanced and manufactured for true archival applications
    • Features included beyond required standards and specifications
what we re proposing different
What we’re proposing different
  • Develop system and media manufacturing process that removes the variability of drives and media
    • Leverage combined experiences in design, materials, and manufacturing process selection
    • Optimized to meet long-term reliability requirements
      • Media life certified for >50 years
      • Robust storage and handling
    • Additional features to provide user with verification
considerations recommendations
Considerations / recommendations
  • Start with DVD family products
  • Create lifetime “proof” for DVD media
  • Optimize drives towards lifetime proof media
  • Develop and introduce archive grade discs for Professional archiving and potentially consumer
  • Define robust writing SW application
request to gipwog
Request to GIPWoG
  • Is there need for archive grade media?
    • Or does off-the-shelf product meet requirements?
  • Is DVD the right starting point?
  • What levels of verification or certification would you anticipate?
  • Would you be willing to support us in the measurement and testing?
    • Opportunity / interest to participate in beta testing?
request to gipwog1
Request to GIPWoG
  • Is there a broader role for the GIPWoG to support the acceptance of this system?
    • Within the U.S. Government
    • In the business and professional markets
key contact information
Key Contact Information