The Black Plague • How it was Transmitted
The Black Plague or (Bubonic Plague) • It is a Bacterial Infection • 60% of infected will die unless treated by modern antibiotics
The Outbreak • The Black Plague devastated Europe and Asia beginning in the mid-1300’s • It was the second widespread plague in history (Byzantine 1st)
Outbreak Cont. • By 1400, 40% of the population in Europe died from the plague. (25 million)
Migration of the Plague • The Outbreak started in Central Asia • The disease rapidly spread to Western Asia, North Africa, and Southern Europe
Migration of the Plague • In 1347, the plague reached Europe in Messina, Sicily. • By 1350, the disease spread throughout Europe and into Russia.
Migration of the Plague • The disease moved rapidly throughout Europe due to the developed trade system along the (Silk Road) & (Eurasian trade route)
Public Reactions • Many people believed the plague was punishment from God.
Public Reaction • Many blamed the Jewish community of poisoning European water sources.
Public Reaction • Thousands of Jews were killed as a result…
Public Reaction • Physicians could not stop the spread or cure the disease • Quarantine was the first effect measure against the plague
Effects Negative • Loss of skilled workers • Local economies collapsed • Millions died/towns disappeared.
Effects • Positive • Increased wages for those who survived • Created public hospitals • Government enforced heath measures