Managing Technological Change. Ely’s Conditions of Change. Chapter 4 Matt Dockery. Daryl P. Ely was the first to emphasize the environmental conditions that promote change. Broadest and most far reaching study. Pioneering study of change in libraries in 1976.
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Ely’s Conditions of Change
Broadest and most far reaching study.
Pioneering study of change in libraries in 1976.
Refined over the years, now includes educational technology.
Research suggests the environment for the innovation is equally important in the change success.
“The goal is to attain each of these eight conditions during implementation.”Introduction
Participants must perceive the status quo to be less than comfortable.
There are a wide range of possible causes for dissatisfaction.
Diagnostic perspective – More than a number, bad textbooks, test scores, who is dissatisfied?
Marketing perspective – Understanding dissatisfaction can help innovation.
Examples.Dissatisfaction with the Status Quo
Often overlooked is educational change.
Common cause is perceived lack of training.
Undertake change to ensure that effective training is provided.Knowledge and Skills Exist
Big ticket items – Computers, salaries, training, facilities.
Those working on change must make sure resources are available.Resources are Available
Those expected to adopt change need time for developing and redeveloping materials.
Some employees may resist change if they believe they will not be compensated for the additional time.
Or may refuse to invest time resulting in a poor change.Time is Available
Tenured teacher may not see the need to change if they produce good test scores, unless there is a linked reward to change.Rewards or Incentives Exist for Participants
Buy in to the process with time, effort, and ideas contributes to a sense of ownership in the innovation.
Recognize leaders, formally and informally.
General participation should be expected, failure to make expectations clear lead to neglect of innovations.Participation is Expected and Encouraged
Expectation and Encouragement.
All familiar with the “flavor of the month”, the innovation that occurs every few years.
Change requires effort. Endorsement at all levels is a must.Commitment by Those Who are Involved
Also have affective influences, whether they are official supervisors, role models, mentors, or advisors.
They provide individuals with inspiration and encouragement throughout the change process.
“Change is a process, not an event.”Leadership is Evident
Examples of modified Ely research projects