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Eartscope-GeoPRISMS ENAM planning workshop report. 2013-15. October 27-29, 2011 Bethlehem, PA ~95 people Motivation: Choice of East Coast of NA as the RIE focus area Arrival of Earthscope’ s Transportable Array. 2012-14. Eartscope-GeoPRISMS ENAM planning workshop report. 2013.

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eartscope geoprisms enam planning workshop report
Eartscope-GeoPRISMSENAM planning workshop report

2013-15

October 27-29, 2011

Bethlehem, PA

~95 people

Motivation:

Choice of East Coast of NA as the RIE focus area

Arrival of Earthscope’s Transportable Array

2012-14

eartscope geoprisms enam planning workshop report1
Eartscope-GeoPRISMSENAM planning workshop report

2013

Key goals:

focus community effort and research approaches in the eastern United States

establish research strategies that maximize EarthScopeand GeoPRISMSsynergiesto address common research goals

2012

eartscope geoprisms enam planning workshop report2

Key Science Questions

Eartscope-GeoPRISMSENAM planning workshop report
  • OrogenicProcesses
  • Inheritance of structures
  • Expression of surface features at depth
  • How was ENAM lithosphere formed?
  • State of lithosphere before most recent (Mz) rifting
  • Rifting Processes
  • Controls on magmatic vs. a-magmatic
  • Origin of magma (CAMP)
  • Mechanism/age of rift initiation
  • Post-rifting Processes
  • Timing and origin of first ocean crust
  • Nature of the COB at various levels?
  • Post-rift tectonics: subsidence history, causes/consequences of margin segmentations, small volume post-rift magmatism, fault reactivation
  • Neotectonics
  • Distribution and location of seismicity
  • Why does topography persist today?
  • How do active mantle processes affect surface processes – dynamic topography?
  • Processes that link structural, topographic, and seismic characteristics?
  • Submarine slope failures – deep seated or shallow, large or small, correlations to climate, impact on methane storage

2013

2012

eartscope geoprisms enam planning workshop report3
Eartscope-GeoPRISMSENAM planning workshop report

2013

3 Discovery Corridors

Large region, long history, significant along-strike variation:

not possible to define one focus site.

The workshop identified three potential regions for GeoPRISMS focused research, and articulated the alignment with EarthScope priorities for each of those locations

2012

eartscope geoprisms enam planning workshop report4

Charleston Swath

Eartscope-GeoPRISMSENAM planning workshop report
  • Classic section through the Appalachian mountains (including the highest topography in the Appalachians),
  • multiple accreted terranes,
  • rifting recorded in the South Georgia basin onshore,
  • effusive breakup magmatism beneath the Carolina trough offshore,
  • two zones of known seismicity (Charleston and Eastern Tennessee),
  • large landslides preserved on the slope
  • extensive Blake Ridge gas hydrate province.
  • Addresses all 4 science themes
  • Clear GP-ES synergy:
    • Already funded EarthScope projects in the mid-continent extend the swath from the orogenic foreland to oceanic crust.

2013

2012

eartscope geoprisms enam planning workshop report5
Eartscope-GeoPRISMSENAM planningworkshop report

Mid-Atlantic Area

  • An area of transition from northern to southern Appalachians.
  • less affected by terrane accretion -> good place to study orogenesis and rifting processes
  • Both Iapetan and Mesozoic rift margins are exposed, and offer records of magmatism valuable for timing constraints and geodynamic inferences.
  • Key advantage : area is well suited for linked, interdisciplinary studies of geomorphology, Cenozoic basin development, and upper mantle structure and dynamics.
  • Outreach opportunities – high density of the population, large number of research institutions

2013

2012

eartscope geoprisms enam planning workshop report6

Nova Scotia & New England

Eartscope-GeoPRISMSENAM planning workshop report
  • Area critical for understanding magmatism as a fundamental control on the process of rifting
    • magmatic – amagmatic transition in rupture and continental breakup style
  • Well-exposed northern Appalachian terranesstrike-slip tectonism along terrane boundaries,
  • A record of rifting in the Fundy basin
  • active seismicity of the Charlevoix region.
  • Area is Canada:
    • Good – lots of offshore data
    • Bad – no TA (yet)
  • With some extra Canadian resources on land a swath may extend across two orogens, give a view of two “complete” Wilson cycles.
  • New England -
  • Pz accreted orogen (Grenville)
  • Mz Hot Spot track
  • Syn-rift basin

2013

2012

eartscope geoprisms enam planning workshop report7
Eartscope-GeoPRISMSENAM planning workshop report

2013

2012

3 Discovery Corridors now –

More detailed study of the entire ApallachianOrogen

later