Anorexia Kimberly Rodriguez
Introduction Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder and mental health condition that can be life-threatening. Eating disorders are psychological problems; an obsession with food and weight. Anorexia - Absence of appetite. 15%-60% of body weight is lost. Fear of gaining weight Distorted image of their own weight or body shape
Symptoms & Characteristics Eating as little as possible Making yourself vomit Over-exercising Fertility problems Bone density loss Anemia Neurological problems Hormonal changes- reproductive, thyroid, stress, and growth hormones Heart problems- abnormal heart rhythm Electrolyte imbalance
Causes Psychological factors Environmental factors A traumatic life event Grief Pressures and stress at school-exams or bullying Difficult family relationships Physical or sexual abuse Biological factors • Depression and anxiety • Poor reaction to stress • Worrying/feeling scared or doubtful • Perfectionism • Inhibition – where a person restrains or controls their behavior and expression • Feelings of obsession and compulsion • Brain requires a fifth of all the calories you eat. • Malnutrition • Lowering tryptophan • Hypothalamus • Controls appetite
Treatment Psychological treatment – talking to a therapist or counsellor Advice about eating and nutrition to help you gain weight safely • Cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) • Reformulation, Recognition, Revision • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) • How we think is how we act • Interpersonal therapy (IPT) • Relationships affects us • Focal psychodynamic therapy (FPT) • Mental health Conflicts that are unresolved • Family therapy • Encouraged to eat small amounts of food. (Gradually Increase). • Supplements
Continued Treatment Medication • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. • Antidepressants • Olanzapine • Treat psychosis • Reduce Anxiety • Compulsorytreatment • Sectioned(Hospitalized)
The Difference Healthy Dieting Anorexia Control your life and emotions. Self-esteem is based completely on how much you weigh and how thin you are. Viewing weight loss as a way to achieve happiness. Becoming thin is all that matters; health is not a concern. • Control weight. • Self-esteem is based on more than just weight and body image. • Viewing weight loss as a way to improve your health and appearance. • Your goal is to lose weight in a healthy way.
Statistics Men Women More likely than men to develop an eating disorder. An estimated 0.5 to 3.7 percent will have anorexia in their lifetime. 1 percent of teenagers have anorexia. About 50 percent of people who have had anorexia develop bulimia or bulimic patterns. • 20% of people suffering from anorexia will prematurely die from complications related to their eating disorder, including suicide and heart problems. • An estimated 10-15% of people with anorexia. • Men are less likely to seek treatment for eating disorders because of the perception that they are “woman’s diseases.” • 20% (of Gay men) appeared to be anorexic.
Case Study- Anna McVicar “I started cutting out food” • Name: Anna McVicar • Gender: Female • Started at Age: 10 • Age 14: • Height: 5’4 ftWeight: 4 stBMI: 11.2 Age 10 Age 22 Age 12
Anne McVacar Lost her appetite after a sickness bug at the age of 10. She stopped eating so she would stop throwing up. Diagnosed with anorexia at the age 12. She pierced holes in the feeding tube that was keeping her alive. 2007 almost slipped into a coma. Blood sugars were low Relapse in 2008 “I would survive on water, Diet Coke and bits of lettuce and cucumber.” - McVacar
Recovery Before After
Works Cited • "ANAD." Eating Disorders Statistics « « National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2013. • "Anorexia Nervosa." : Signs, Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2013. • "Anorexia Nervosa - Symptoms ." Anorexia Nervosa. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2013. • "Anorexia Survivor Who Was Hours from Death Speaks out in Bid to Give Hope to Other Victims of Eating Disorder." Dailyrecord. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2013. • "Eating Disorders." University of Maryland Medical Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2013. • "My Anorexia Battle Started When I Was 10 - I Even Cut Feeding Tube That Kept Me Alive." Mirror. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2013.