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A collaborative effort towards implementing IWRM A southern African perspective

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  1. A collaborative effort towards implementing IWRM A southern African perspective Jean Boroto GWP- Southern Africa

  2. Background • 15 rivers are shared • 3 major lakes are shared (Malawi, Tanganyika, Victoria) • Prevailing semi arid climate • Increasing climate variability • Competing needs for a limited resource • Need to collaborate… • Call for an IWRM approach

  3. Figure 1. Monthly flows at the Congo River from 1903 to 1983 (Unesco, 1995) Shashe River

  4. Floods in Crocodile River, South Africa

  5. Access to water for domestic use: Southern African countries (Year 2000 estimates)

  6. Integrated Water Resources Management at a glance

  7. Our regional context… • 15 shared rivers • A Protocol for shared watercourses which is IWRM compliant • River Basin Commissions being established, often after difficult negotiations which have lasted years… • Southern Africa is firmly engaged on a path for the sustainable management of its water resources…

  8. Current responses • Existence of a regional Vision on Water Life and Environment • Enabling environment to manage water resources: • (Revised) Protocol for shared water courses • Development of a policy and strategy under way

  9. Conceptual Framework for the Regional Water Policy G OA L O B J E C T I V E S A P P R O A C H T O O L S SADC Regional Integration and Poverty Eradication Industrial Development Food Security Access to Water & San Energy Security Safety from Disasters Development without compromising the Environment Integrated Water Resources Management Stakeholder Participation WR Information Management Institutions at national and regional levels Capacity Building IWRM Plans Conflict Resolution Environmental Management

  10. Current responses • Implementation of the Protocol: • Establishment of River Basin Commissions such as Limpopo, Okavango, Orange and Zambezi • Agreements such the IncoMaputo agreement (Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland) • Joint Permanent (Technical) Committees between several countries

  11. Current responses • GEF support to transboundary watercourses such as: • Lake Victoria • Lake Tanganyika • Lake Malawi • Limpopo River • Okavango River • Orange River

  12. Current responses • Implementation of WSSD resolution to develop IWRM Plans by 2005… • Malawi and Zambia: CIDA/GWP • Mozambique and Swaziland: NEDA/ GWP • Angola: SIDA/ GWP • Tanzania and Botswana as a regional initiative: GEF/UNDP/GWP • Namibia: GEF/UNDP/ GWP at country level

  13. Towards the WSSD Target….IWRM/WE Plans by 2005 Potential for support for IWRM plans in Sub-Saharan Africa

  14. Key challenges • Integration with transboundary initiatives: • Botswana – Member of River Basin Commissions on Limpopo, Okavango, Orange and Zambezi • Tanzania: co basin to the three major lakes (Malawi, Tanganyika and Victoria)

  15. Key challenges • Integration across sectors • Old approach of working in silos • Competition between the three Es (see next slide) and among various water use sectors, each being relevant…

  16. Relevant Extremely relevant!!! Truly relevant

  17. Key challenges • Cost of implementing IWRM? • Each aspect of IWRM requires resources. • Soft issues - awareness raising, capacity building, etc… • Enforcing capacity • Tools, data collection • Infrastructure development

  18. Access to water for domestic use: Southern African countries (Year 2000 estimates) Changing these figures will take billions of $ and €

  19. Opportunities • Regional Dimension • Knowledge Management • Platform for sharing experiences • Showcasing regional example in order to share lessons with other regions • Filling gaps • DRC • Lesotho • South Africa (review current National WR Strategy which stands for an IWRM Plan • Zimbabwe ( same as South Africa)

  20. And so what! • IWRM should contribute to overall well being of our people and should take place in a context of a favourable socio-economic and political environment. • IWRM is not therefore a magical solution, but a contribution to a new way of doing things in a framework that recognises that water is key to the development of Southern Africa. • IWRM will remain an iterative process…

  21. If IWRM is to make a change In our people’s lives Then the journey has just started…