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The Titanic. 1 st period Created By Amelia Johnson & Audrey Rallison. Introduction.
Created By Amelia Johnson
& Audrey Rallison
In this Biography you will learn about the construction of the Titanic ,the three classes , how and when the Titanic hit the iceberg and some interesting facts. Many said that this ship was “unsinkable” . This event was definitely a heartbreaker. Many heard about this tragedy…Others lived it.
The ship had sixteen watertight compartments that were designed to shut automatically if the water level grew to a certain height. Builders of the Titanic included steel doors that were capable of being shut in 25 seconds or less; thereby shutting out any water that might have seeped in to threaten the safety of the ship and the passengers.
It also has two reciprocating engines each turning a propeller on both wings of the ship. The third engine, a steam engine, turned the central propeller.
The Titanic weighed 66,000 tons and was 882.5 feet long & 92.5 feet wide. It was also 11 stories high ( 4 city blocks long)
The engine type was a triple screw and could go up to 24-25 knots
Construction of the ship
The completed ship
This luxury liner was constructed on March 31st, 1909 in Belfast, Ireland.
The “Unsinkable ship” was funded by J.P Morgan & his international Mercantile Marine Co.
The construction of this beautiful ship was handled by Harland & Wolff but commissioned by White Star.
The White Star Liner was determined to make this ship the largest and most luxurious ship to sail sea.
It took 3 years to complete the ship. The end cost was approximately $7.5 million dollars. (which is 400 million today.)
The Titanic was named the “unsinkable ship” because of the way it was built.
There were 24 double ended boilers . Each boiler was 11 feet & 9 in. long and 15 feet & 9 in. wide.
The Titanic set sail on it’s maiden voyage on April 10th, 1912.
This was a very exciting day for everyone. Many people were said to be “lucky” to be able to travel in this luxurious boat of it’s time.
There were 3 different classes on the “unsinkable ship”. There was first class, second class and last third class. First class was mainly for wealthy people. Second class was also for wealthy people but not as wealthy as first class. Third class was mainly full with immigrants trying to start a new life in America.
If you were to be first class on the Titanic you would pay €87o/4,350 dollars ($50,000 in today’s currency). That is for the parlor suite. For the berth it would be €30/$150 ($ 1,724 today). There were 689 first class passengers. The common room would be surrounded with wood paneling, expensive furniture and other decorations. First class Interior included a smoking room, dining saloon, the Grand Staircase Foyer, a reception room, Verandah Café & Palm Court, Café Parisian, Gymnasium and of course a swimming pool.
The cost for a second class room would cost €12/$60 ($690 today). There were 674 second class passengers. Second Class had a much smaller room then first class. Second class was provided with either two 0r four berth rooms. These rooms were fitted in enamel white with mahogany furniture. It was not uncommon for a second included a smoke room, Grand staircase (second class), Library, Dining Room, swimming pool and some café’s.
The cost of a third class ticket would be €3 - €8/$40 ($172 to $460 today). There were 1,026 third class passengers. The third class rooms were designed as closed cabins. They room usually had bunk beds and was extraordinarily smaller than first and second class. Third class interior included a Dining Room, Smoke and General Room, and a room more designed as a cafeteria. All of these passengers had to share 1 bathroom. Imagine sharing one bathroom with everyone in the school… NASTY!
4 days after setting sail the “unsinkable ship” hit an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. on April 14th, 1912. Many have said that when they struck the iceberg it felt like an earthquake or resembled a heavy wave striking a ship. They were not expecting this. The watertight compartments were built to remain afloat if any two watertight compartments were flooded or the first four. But not the first 6. At the time when the Titanic hit the iceberg, it was a every man for himself. First class, Second class, or third. It did not matter. There were only 20 lifeboats on board and all together they could only save half of the passengers on board. Some lifeboats were lowered even when they were half-empty.
The captain of this ship was Captain Smith. It is a fact that he did know about the iceberg. They had gotten seven warnings. But he remained at his same speed. We have no idea as to why Captain Smith did not take advantage of that warning. Many say that he believed that the Titanic actually was unsinkable. The world may never know. 74 years after the Titanic had sunken we had rediscovered it. The Titanic is approximately 1,260 feet deep in the Atlantic ocean. Maybe in the near future, we will be able to dig it out.
20- horses needed to transport the main anchor.
13-the number of honeymooning couples on the voyage.
14,000- the gallons of drinking water used every 24 hours.
1,000- the number of bottles of wine taken aboard.
64- the number of lifeboats the Titanic was equipped to take.
20- the number of lifeboats she actually carried.
28- the number of people on board the first lifeboat out of a capacity of 65
2- the number of dogs who survived.
12,600- the depth at which the wreck of the Titanic lays, in feet.
74- the number of years it took to discover the wreckage.
#1-What is a nickname for the Titanic?
#2- How long did it take to complete the ship? ( hint: tres in Spanish)
#3-When did the ship set sail?
#4-How many classes are there?
#5-How much would a first class ticket cost in today’s currency?
#6- At what time did the Titanic strike the iceberg?
#7-How many compartments were flooded?
#8-How many passengers survived?
#9- How many passengers did not?
#10- Tell us something that you learned.