Expansion and ReformThe Lewis and Clark ExpeditionThe Corps of Discovery May 1804- September 1806
Merriwether Lewis • Born on August 18, 1774- Died October 11, 1809 • President Jefferson’s choice for his personal secretary.
William Clark • Born August 1, 1770-Died September 1, 1838 • A native of Virginia he was a American Explorer, Soldier, Indian Agent and territorial Governor
Map of the Route Lewis and Clark Took exploring the newly acquired Louisiana Territory
Assistance Along the Way • The Mandans (Indians-from what is now North Dakota) gave them food, military protection, and valuable information about the path ahead. Their most valuable help came from of Touissant Charbonneau, a French Canadian whom they hired as an interpreter, and his Shoshone wife, Sacagawea, who provided help as a guide and interpreter. Her very presence helped insure good relations with Native Americans, as Clark noted in his journal: "we find [that she] reconciles all the Indians, as to our friendly intentions -- a woman with a party of men is a token of peace."
Sacagawea She even brought her baby with her.
American (Pale) Goldfinch American Raven Audubon's Mountain Sheep Black-Billed Magpie Black-Tailed Prairie Dog Blue Catfish Bonaparte's Gull Broad-Tailed Hummingbird Bull Snake Bushy-Tailed Woodrat Cabanis's Woodpecker California Newt Channel Catfish Clark's Nutcracker Columbia River Chub Columbian Black-Tailed Deer Columbian Ground Squirrel Columbian Sharp-Tailed Grouse Coyote Grizzly Bear Harbor Seal Harris's Woodpecker Scarlet Globe Mallow Showy Phlox Shrubby Beardtongue Silky Lupine Silver Sage Silvery Buffaloberry Silvery Lupine Sitka Alder Sitka Mountain Ash Sitka Spruce Skyrocket Slender Popcorn Flower Slender Willow Slimflower Scurfpea Small-Head Clover Snow-on-the-Mountain Spring Birch Squaw Bush Stemless Evening-Primrose Sticky Currant Straggly Gooseberry Subalpine Fir Listing of some of the Scientific Discoveries
The Return • September 6, 1806 • Lewis and Clark go into the History Books as the brave explorers that documented the unknown Louisiana Territory.
The Missouri Compromise • 1819 Slavery ( if admitted as a Slave state it would disrupt the balance of slave and non-slave states) • 36/30 line is established • All below would be slave states • All Above non-slave states • 1820 Missouri is admitted as a Slave State
US Expansion and the Cherokee • Early 1800’s Tribes were feeling the effects of the Settlers expansion • Sequoyah (an Indian leader) developed an alphabet –this was used to publish a newspaper to give news to the tribes. • Gold Discovered on Cherokee land
Indian Removal Act of 1830 • Supreme Court Case Worcester v. Georgia-led by Chief Justice John Marshall ruled the Cherokee had the right to remain • President Andrew Jackson –hero of War of 1812 responded with a famous quote he made his decision now lets see him enforce it. • Jackson forces thousands of Indians to be removed and walk the Trail of Tears.
Assignment Proper letter Format Students will take on the role of a displaced Cherokee Indian and write a letter to President Andrew Jackson expressing feelings toward his decision to remove the Tribes.