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American Indians and Their Land PowerPoint Presentation
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American Indians and Their Land

American Indians and Their Land

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American Indians and Their Land

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  1. American Indians and Their Land Study Guide

  2. An Origin Story is told to explain how the Earth and its people came to be. This is a Kiva. The Hopis and many other Native American tribes told orign stories in these buildings. Other stories were told to teach about their beliefs and their way of life .

  3. The first people chose to settle in different Natural environments. A natural environment is everything that surrounds us. It includes such things as sunlight, air, water, land, animals, insects, and plants. You will read about different environments in which American Indians lived and see why they had different ways of life.

  4. How did the first Americans get here? Most scientists believe that the first Americans came from Siberia. This is a region in northeastern Asia. They hunted big game. These were animals such as mammoths (large, elephant-like animals), bison (also called buffalo), and caribou (reindeer).

  5. Most early American Indians settled in places that had rich natural resources. One feature of an environment is its climate. The climate supports certain kinds of vegetation, or plant life. Animals that are able to live in the climate and eat the plants thrive. An environment also has natural resources. These include soil, water, timber from trees, and minerals such as copper. Things that people and animals eat are natural resources, too.

  6. Most American Indians settled in places that had few resources. The early American Indian tribes migrated across North America. They settled in many types of environments. In each place, people survived by adapting their ways of life. They used what was around them in nature to build homes, make clothes, and find food. Their homes and clothing fit their climate.

  7. Indians had to adapt to life in each of these environments.

  8. How did this Inuit Family use their natural resources?

  9. The Inuits use the materials that they found around them. To build shelters, the Inuits used the materials that they found around them. In the summer, they made tents by stretching the skins of caribou or seals over driftwood. Sometimes they used whale bones to support the roof. They placed heavy stones at the bottom of a tent to keep it in place. In the winter, they built houses, called igloos, out of snow and ice.

  10. The Sioux wanted to make a record to show future generations. To record their history, the Sioux would add a pictograph—such as a star—to an animal skin, or hide. The hide would already have other pictographs painted on it. These represented memorable events from earlier years. One pictograph might show a buffalo hunt. Another might show a war dance. The new image would show the meteor shower. It would also stand for the year 1833. The Sioux began calling this year the Year the Stars Fell.

  11. The Inuits One group that lived in a harsh environment was the Inuits, who are also known as Eskimos. They built their culture in present-day northwestern Alaska, northern Canada, and Greenland. These places are part of Earth’s Arctic region. The Arctic ice fields have long, cold winters and land that is frozen most of the time.