WHAT IS TAEKWONDO? • Taekwondo is a Korean self defence martial art which in English translates as foot and hand way. It dates back from the 19th century, and is well known for focusing on a variety of kicking techniques derived from martial arts styles such as Karate and Kung Fu.
THE COMMANDS • Charyot: Korean meaning “Attention” • Gyeongnye: Korean meaning “Bow” • Choon Bee: Korean meaning “Ready Stance” • See-Jak: Korean meaning “Begin” • Keu-Mahn: Korean meaning “Finish (Stop)”
THE BELTS 1 • White signifies a stage of innocence such as that of the novice student with no prior knowledge of Taekwondo. • Yellow signifies the earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the Taekwondo foundation is being laid. • Green signifies the plants growth as the Taekwondo seed begins to develop, so the students skill develops.
THE BELTS 2 • Blue signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as the training in Taekwondo progresses. • Red signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise self-control, and warning the opponent to stay away. • Black is the opposite of white, signifying both maturity and proficiency in Taekwondo. It also symbolises the wearer’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.
THE STANCES 1 • Front Stance: • Back Stance:
THE STANCES 2 • Ready Stance: • Riding Stance: • Tiger Stance:
THE STRIKES • Punch • Palm-Heel Strike • Knife-Hand Strike • Spare-Finger Strike • Arc-Hand Strike • Ridge-Hand Strike
THE KICKS • Ap Chagi/Front Kick • Dollyo Chagi/Turning Kick • Yeup Chagi/Side Kick • Naeryeo Chagi/Axe Kick • Dwi Chagi/Back Kick • Bandal Chagi/Cresent Kick • Huryeo Chagi/ Hook Kick
THE BLOCKS • Low Section Block • High Section Block • Inner Block • Outer Block • Wedging Block • Cross Block
POOMSE • Poomse Is the Korean meaning for “Pattern”. This is a short display that uses specified sequences including strikes, kicks, and blocks demonstrating a students knowledge of Taekwondo.
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