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HCFC management and strategy in Hungary and Europe. Róbert Tóth Ministry of Environment and Water Budapest, Hungary. Article 5(1) Parties consumption: Base level: 2015 Freeze: January 1, 2016 100% reduction: January 1, 2040. Provisions in Montreal Protocol to phase-out HCFCs.

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hcfc management and strategy in hungary and europe

HCFC management and strategy in Hungary and Europe

Róbert Tóth

Ministry of Environment and Water

Budapest, Hungary

provisions in montreal protocol to phase out hcfcs
Article 5(1) Parties consumption:

Base level: 2015

Freeze: January 1, 2016

100% reduction: January 1, 2040

Provisions in Montreal Protocol to phase-out HCFCs
provisions in montreal protocol to phase out hcfcs1
Non-Article 5(1) Parties consumption:

Base level: 1989 HCFC cons. + 2.8% Hungary

of 1989 CFC cons.2160 t/y

Freeze: 19962160 t/y

35% reduction: January 1, 20041440 t/y

65% reduction: January 1, 2010720 t/y

90% reduction: January 1, 2015216 t/y

99.5% reduction: January 1, 202011t/y

100% reduction: January 1, 20300 t/y

Provisions in Montreal Protocol to phase-out HCFCs
shifting from hcfcs in hungary
Foaming:

HCFC-22/142b → CO2/water

HCFC-141b → HFC, butane, cyclopentane

R&AC:

HCFC-22 → HFCs, Isobutane

Fire protection:

NAFSIII, Halotron I → inert gases, CO2, HFCs (227ea, 125, FS49C2: 3-4-9C2), Novec, powdered aerosols, water mist

Shifting from HCFCs in Hungary
hcfc production control s
2000 to 2007: Production equal or less than 1997 production in the EC

2008 to 2014: ... 35% of 1997 production

2015 to 2020 : … 20% of 1997 production

2016 to 2025 : … 15% of 1997 production

No HCFC production after end 2025

HCFC Production Controls
consumption controls on hcfcs odp tonnes
2001 Cap at 2% of CFCs placed on market in 1989 + 1989 placing on the market of HCFCs (6678 ODP-tonnes)

2002 85% of 2000 level (5676 ODP-tonnes)

2003 45% of 2000 level (3005 ODP-tonnes)

2004 to 2007 30% of 2000 level (2003<2209<2250 ODP-tonnes)

2008 to 2009 25% of 2000 level (1669<1840<1874 ODP-tonnes)

2010 onwards – No placing on the market

Consumption Controls on HCFCs (ODP tonnes)
hcfc phase out dates refrigeration ac heat pumps
HCFC Phase-out dates -Refrigeration/AC/Heat Pumps
  • Refrigeration, AC and Heat pumps in general – HCFCs can be used until 1 Jan 2001
  • Fixed AC < 100kW …. 1 July 2002
  • Reversible AC/Heat Pumps …. 1 Jan 2004
  • Existing systems – virgin HCFCs …. 1 Jan 2010
  • Existing systems – all HCFCs … 1 Jan 2015
  • Review of HCFCs in refrigeration … before end 2008
hcfc phase out dates foams
1 Oct 2000 – banned HCFCs for integral skin foams for use in safety applications and rigid insulation

1 Jan 2003 – banned HCFCs for polyurethane in appliances and polyurethane laminates and panels, except for transport

1 Jan 2004 – banned HCFCs for all foams, including polyurethane spray and block foams

HCFC Phase-out dates - Foams
exports of products containing hcfc
Exports of products containing HCFC
  • Permitted after 1 January, 2004 under Article 5(5)
  • HCFCs come from within the quota – manufacturer can decide between refrigeration, mobile A/C, solvent, fire fighting and exportuse(if permitted in the country of import)
hcfcs for fire fighting
HCFCs for fire fighting
  • HCFCs can be used to replace halons listed in Annex VII of Regulation (EC) No 2037/2000
  • 70% of the costs of halon removal and destruction must be paid by the HCFC installer
  • Limited time period – 2010?
  • Report amounts annually to the Commission
  • So far only known in Italy and Spain
  • Not recommended as HCFCs are a short term replacement and they deplete ozone