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Bell-work 11/1/12. Looking at chart on page 146 answer: Which nation faced huge expenses after the war? What happened between the colonists as an effect of the war? How do you think the war impacted the relationship between Britain and the colonies. (Remember the Proclamation of 1763!)

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bell work 11 1 12
Bell-work 11/1/12
  • Looking at chart on page 146 answer:
  • Which nation faced huge expenses after the war?
  • What happened between the colonists as an effect of the war?
  • How do you think the war impacted the relationship between Britain and the colonies. (Remember the Proclamation of 1763!)

Turn in movie poster if not turned in yesterday

EQ: What were the causes of the Revolutionary War?

objective
Objective:
  • Students will be able to compare and contrast the sugar, quartering and stamp Act as acts that angered the American Colonists as evidenced by a completed matrix with 80% accuracy
  • Turn open to your unit learning goal, where does our objective fit into level 2 and 3 for the unit goal
  • Title page 37 on your TOC and on page 37, “Lead Up to War Notes”
1 vocabulary
1. Vocabulary
  • Duty: tax on imports
  • Boycott: Refusal to buy certain goods, guess who’s? 
  • Petition: a formal written request to a government
  • Writs of Assistance: orders that allowed English officials to search for illegal goods without permission
2 british rule leads to conflict
2. British Rule Leads to Conflict
  • Colonists were proud of their contribution to the French and Indian war
  • They expected Britain to be thankful for their help!
  • They expected only a minimum raise in taxes to help pay the war debt (123 million pounds of sterling) That’s a lot!
3 pay for what
3. Pay for what?!!

"it is just and necessary, that a revenue be raised, in your Majesty's said dominions in America, for defraying the expenses of defending, protecting, and securing the same."

  • England thought the colonists should pay for 1/3rd of the war cost
  • England’s Prime Minister George Grenville will use TAXES to make the colonists pay!
4 the sugar act 1764
4. The Sugar Act 1764

“Our trade is most grievously embarrassed!”

  • Parliament put a duty or import tax on several products including molasses and sugar
  • The act also put in place heavy punishment for smugglers (something the colonists were good at)
  • The sugar act worsened the colonists trade balance
  • Colonial merchants COMPLAIN!
5 the 1 st quartering act
5. The 1st Quartering Act
  • 1765, Parliament passed the Quartering Act to try to enforce the Proclamation of 1763 (about 1,000 soldiers kept in the colonies)
  • Forced colonists to house and feed British forces
  • The act further increased tensions between England and the colonists
  • The colonists complained parliament was violating their rights
6 stamp act
6. Stamp Act
  • Passed by Parliament in 1765
  • Required all colonists to buy special tax stamps for any printed material (Playing Cards, calendars, papers, books, wills, contracts)
  • Virginia’s House of Burgesses’ declares that only Virginia has the right to tax its people!
  • Colonial leader Patrick Henry attacked the Stamp Act!

“I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!”

6 stamp act1
6. Stamp Act
  • Merchants in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia boycotted or refused to buy British goods
  • Delegates from 9 colonies assembled in NY for the Stamp Act Congress
  • They sent a petition to the King and Parliament demanding the end to the Sugar and Stamp Act
  • It worked! In 1766, the Stamp Act was repealed
7 declaratory act
7. Declaratory Act
  • When Parliament repealed the Stamp Act it also passed the Declaratory Act in 1766
  • This act said Parliament had total authority over the colonies
  • Reminder to the colonies of who was in charge!
  • The success of repealing the Stamp Act was short lived
  • That set the stage for more trouble between England the colonies

Take that colonists! I’m in charge and you will obey!

bell work 11 2 12
Bell-work 11/2/12
  • Concept Exploration:

1. Define in your own words –INTOLERABLE

2. Use the word in a sentence that makes sense to you

3. Can you think of any other words that have the same meaning?

  • EQ: What led to war?

Hustle! You only have 5 minutes to complete Bell-work

objective1
Objective
  • Students will be able to compare/contrast the Tea, Intolerable and Quebec Act as evidenced by a completed matrix with 80% accuracy
  • Turn open to your unit learning goal, where does our objective fit into level 2 and 3 for the unit goal
  • Turn open to page 37, where we can continue, “Lead up to War”

You must continue learning about how Parliament and I angered the colonies

8 townshend act
8. Townshend Act
  • Parliament passes in 1767
  • Named for Charles Townshend, “Chancellor of the Exchequer,” AKA the chief treasurer for England
  • With the Stamp Act repealed England needs another way to make money
  • The act set up a system to enforce the duty taxes on: glass, tea, lead, paper
  • Act was also made to punish NY for refusing to quarter soldiers, it suspended their assembly

Money is needed to control the colonies!

9 boston massacre
9. Boston Massacre
  • Because of the Townshend Act, colonists again boycotted British goods
  • This hurt British merchants (why) and they urged Parliament to repeal them
  • Parliament repealed all Townshend Acts on March 5, 1770 except the duty on tea (left in place to show parliament’s right to tax)
  • But, the repeal came to late….
9 boston massacre1
9. Boston Massacre
  • On the same day, March 5th, 1770 an angry crowd of workers surrounded a small group of soldiers
  • They threw snowballs and rocks at them and yelled
  • The soldiers fired into the crowd of colonists, killing 5 and wounding 6
  • The first to fall for the cause of American Independence was Crispus Attucks, an A.A. sailor
  • Only two soldiers of the 9 were convicted of wrongdoing…their thumbs were branded
10 tea act
10. Tea Act
  • Parliament passes in 1773
  • Many colonists drank tea and were paying the tax with every cup they drank
  • Many colonists boycotted Tea
  • They were paying a tax that Parliament had placed on them without consent
  • The act was intended to help the British East India Company (one of England’s most important and profitable) create a monopoly in the colonies (No Dutch tea)
  • The colonists boycott of tea was hurting the company
11 boston tea party
11. Boston Tea Party
  • A group of colonists called the Sons of Liberty-we’ll talk more about them , organized in port cities against the East India Tea to stop tea from being unloaded
  • They threatened the ship captains and also the colonial merchants who bought the tea to sell in the colonies
  • No tea was unloaded in NY Philadelphia, or other ports
  • But in Boston, governor Thomas Hutchinson made sure the tea was unloaded
11 boston tea party1
11. Boston Tea Party
  • He did this by refusing the captains the papers they needed to return to England, therefore the tea would be unloaded
  • Tension built in Boston over the next 2 weeks
  • On the night of December 16, 1773 colonists disguised as Natives boarded the tea ship and threw 342 cases of tea into the harbor
  • They destroyed 9,000 pounds of tea
12 intolerable acts
12. Intolerable Acts
  • The Boston Tea Party outraged the British government and the King and Parliament would punish Boston with the Intolerable Acts….there were 4 new laws
  • 1. Close Boston’s Port: as of June 1st, 1774 and remain closed until the tea is paid for (10,000 pounds of sterling)
  • 2. Removed old governor: Thomas Hutchinson replaced by General Thomas Gage
12 intolerable acts1
12. Intolerable Acts
  • Removed the Mass. Legislature

3. Strengthened the Quartering Act: soldiers were strategically placed in homes around the Son’s of Liberty

4. Quebec Act: set up a government for the territory taken from France in 1763. Claimed land between the Ohio and the Missouri rivers as part of Canada. It took away the western land from the colonists 

12 summary
12. SUMMARY

In one paragraph, at the bottom of your Cornell notes describe how British rule (the ACTS) lead to conflict.

In other words how specifically did the Acts hurt the colonies, use specific examples.

I will be coming around to check your summary 

Write

reflection and progress chart
Reflection and Progress Chart

Be sure to complete your progress chart for objective C! Or you might just start a war!

  • Using our objective today (c), where do you rate yourself? 0-4
  • Complete (c) on your student progress chart on page 34
  • Are you confused about how England’s rule led to conflict?
  • What can you do to move up a level?
bell work 11 6 12
Bell-work 11/6/12

Voting is a CIVIC DUTY!

  • Mock Election
  • Remember you may not discuss any political matter within the voting precinct or your vote will be dismissed (tossed out!)
  • For bell ringer sheet, write why you believe it is important to vote
  • EQ: How did the war start?
objective2
Objective

Where does our objective fit into the Unit Learning Goal?

  • Students will be able to examine the battle of Lexington and Concord as they relate to the origins of the American Revolution as evidenced by completed battle notes with 80% accuracy.
  • Where does today’s objective fit into level 2 and 3 of the unit learning goal?
  • What is the difference in difficulty between level 2 and 3 for our objective?
  • Title page 41 “The shot heard ‘round the world” in your TOC and on page 41
vocab
Vocab.
  • Militia: groups of citizen soldiers
  • Minutemen: militias who were supposed to be ready to fight in a minute’s notice
  • Loyalists: people loyal to Great Britain
  • Patriots: people who wanted to be independent from Britain
  • Preamble: an introduction
battle of lexington and concord
Battle of Lexington and Concord

Go get the American’s weapons!

  • War is on the horizon…..
  • John Hancock and Sam Adams meet secretly to buy weapons
  • The weapons were hidden in Concord, Massachusetts
  • In April, 1775, KG3 told General Thomas Gage to mobilize soldiers. (Get them ready)
  • Thomas Gage sent British soldiers, led by Lt. Col. Frances Smith to take the weapons the American militias were storing in Concord
battle of lexington and concord1
Battle of Lexington and Concord
  • On April 18, 1775 Gage sends 700 troops to go get the weapons and capture the traitors.
  • Everyone was waiting for this moment, Sons of Liberty had been preparing for this.
  • Gage had two options: Go up the Charleston River or go by land
  • Paul Revere signaled using two lamps in a Church window that he was going by river and followed Gage upriver
  • William Dawes took the land route
  • Paul Revere and William Dawes, members of the Sons of Liberty,rode out to warn the militiamen that “The regulars are out!”
battle of lexington and concord2
Battle of Lexington and Concord
  • When the British soldiers got to Lexington, the militiamen were waiting for them
  • Fighting broke out; 8 minutemen were killed
  • The British continued marching to Concord; they destroyed the weapons found there.
battle of lexington and concord3
Battle of Lexington and Concord
  • The minutemen met them again at Concord Bridge
  • 400 minutemen fought the British, killing 3
  • As the British retreated to Boston, 4,000 Americans fired at them from behind trees and fences
  • By the time the Red Coats made it back to Boston…almost 300 of them had been killed
summary and progress chart
Summary and Progress Chart
  • Summarize the battles of Lexington and Concord. Assess their significance in the Road to Revolution
  • Using our objective today (e), where do you rate yourself? 0-4
  • Complete (e) on your student progress chart on page 34
bell work 10 17 13
Bell-work 10/17/13
  • Looking at page 157:
  • Read Lord Dunmore’s Declaration

1. Who was Lord Dunmore?

2. Why did he write his Declaration?

3. How does he encourage indentured servants and black slaves to join the Red Coats?

4. How could Patriots accuse Dunmore of being unfair?

EQ: How did the Colonists prepare for WAR?

objective3
Objective

How can you get to a level 3 for objective F?

  • Students will be able to compare/contrast the first and second Continental Congress as evidenced by student participation in Congresses and groups evaluations/questions with 80% accuracy.
  • Where does today’s objective fit into level 2 and 3 of our Unit learning Goal?
  • What is the difference in difficulty level between 2 and 3 for our objective
  • TOC: Page 42-2ndContinental Congress
1 first continental congress
1. First Continental Congress
  • 1774, in response to the Intolerable Acts (after the S.O.L. dumped the tea in Boston Harbor)
  • 55 men met in Philadelphia
  • asked Parliament to repeal all acts passed since 1763
  • Agreed to form militias
  • Famous members included: John and Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry and George Washington
2 you decide what happens next
2. You Decide What Happens Next
  • After Lexington and Concord, what would the colonists need to accomplish at the 2nd Continental Congress
  • In other words, evaluate in your groups what you think the goals of the Congress should be and why
  • Remember we have only just fought in the first 2 battles
  • You have ten minutes
2 2 nd continental congress
2. 2nd Continental Congress

What are our goals gentlemen?!

  • 1775 called in response to the battles of Lexington and Concord
  • Called in Philadelphia on May 10, 1775.
  • Delegates included: Thomas Jefferson, John Hancock (president) and Benjamin Franklin
2 2 nd continental congress1
2. 2nd Continental Congress

Preparations for war must be made!

  • At first the Congress was divided at what to do.
  • But all delegates felt that they needed to prepare for war
  • They had 2 goals at the Congress
2 2 nd continental congress2
2. 2nd Continental Congress
  • Write a letter to KG3: “The Olive Branch Petition”
  • It was an attempt at peace, the colonists told KG3 he was listening to the wrong people (Parliament)
  • KG3 refused to read it
  • Now, Many colonists realized war was the only option
2 2 nd continental congress3
2. 2nd Continental Congress

I will lead the Patriots to VICTORY!

2. Raise and supply an ARMY

  • Need to choose a general, George Washington is chosen because he has experience, he wanted the job, and he was from the South
  • Important because we needed the South involved in the war too, not just the northern Massachusetts militia.
summary and progress chart1
Summary and Progress Chart

Summarize: Compare and Contrast the 1st and 2nd Continental Congress’. Why were they called? What were the goals? What did they accomplish?

Complete your student progress chart for objective F

What did you do today to get a level 3?

bell work 11 8 12
Bell-work 11/8/12

Summarize your notes from yesterday at the bottom of page 42 in your NB : Compare and Contrast the 1st and 2nd Continental Congress’. Why were they called? What were the goals? What did they accomplish?

Complete your student progress chart for objective F

EQ: What were the differences between the Patriots and Loyalists?

bell work 10 17 131
Bell-work 10/17/13

Using what you already know describe what ideas you believe both a PATRIOT may have and a LOYALIST

Must have 3 ideas for each

TSWBAT compare/contrast the ideas of the patriots and loyalists

EQ: What were the differences between the Patriots and Loyalists?

objective and scales
Objective and Scales

The student will be able to compare and contrast the ideas between the patriots and the loyalists as evidenced by completed diary entries

Where does today’s objective fit into the LGS?

  • Goal G
  • How do you reach mastery?
diary entries
Diary Entries

Using your handout you must finish two diary entries from the point of view of a Patriot or Loyalist

You must summarize the event in your diary article and also add your point of view with 5 historical facts in each entry

example
Example

December 17th, 1773

Dear Diary,

It was frigidly cold waking up for my patrol duty this morning at Boston Harbor. I dressed quickly and exited the American colonists home where I am being quartered. When I arrived at the harbor my breath was taken away from me. There floating in the harbor were cases and cases of tea floating the in sea water. This was not just any tea, it was the Majesty’s King George III’s Tea. I already know it was the rebel Patriots the Sons of Liberty who did this. They had been harassing British tax collectors and merchants who were selling our Tea. They were angry about the Parliament’s Tea Act. I can’t imagine what our Majesty will do about this loss of tea and revenue. …..continue……….

bell work 11 5 12
Bell-work 11/5/12

Update Notebooks

EQ: Why was the capture of Fort T. significant?

TSWBAT understand the significance of Fort T.

objective4
Objective
  • Students will be able to evaluate the importance of the early battles included Fort Ticonderoga of the American Revolution as well as petitions to the King as evidenced by completed Cornell notes and summary with 80% accuracy.
  • Where does this fit into level 2 and 3 for our Unit Learning Goal
  • How do you reach mastery?
  • TOC page : Early War Battles
1 petitioning the king
1. Petitioning the King

I refuse to read it!

  • Months after Lexington and Concord, delegates at the 2nd Continental Congress hoped for peace
  • Once the “Olive Branch Petition” failed they wrote the “Declaration of the Causes and Necessitates of Taking Up Arms”
2 declaration of arms
2. Declaration of Arms
  • 2nd Continental passed a tougher declaration
  • Written in part by Thomas Jefferson
  • States that the colonists were ready, “…to die freemen rather than to live as slaves” to the crown
  • The effort to make peace failed, Parliament instead sent 20,000 soldiers to America
3 we need weapons
3. We need WEAPONS

Why not take the Red Coat’s weapons?

  • John Hancock knew we needed weapons
  • Why not take them from the British?!
  • Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain was used for weapons storage for the British (they had huge cannons there and we wanted them!)
4 bright idea
4. Bright Idea
  • Leading the surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga was blacksmith Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold
  • After crossing the lake at night, Allen’s force of 83 men easily made the 42 British troops guarding the fort surrender
  • Important victory at F.T. because the fort controlled the water route between Canada and the Hudson River and it held valuable weapons including several dozen cannons.
  • Later the same cannons would be used to drive the British from Boston! 
5 summary and progress chart
5. Summary and Progress Chart
  • Summarize why the win at F.T. was such so important to the Patriots, evaluate the battle’s significance
  • Complete your progress chart for objective H and I
battle of bunker hill
Battle of Bunker Hill
  • June 16, 1775
  • Colonel William Prescott and militiamen set up forts on Breed’s Hill and Bunker Hill near Boston
battle of bunker hill1
Battle of Bunker Hill
  • The British charged up the hill with bayonets drawn
  • Prescott ordered his men not to fire until “you see the whites of their eyes!” because they were low on ammo.
battle of bunker hill2
Battle of Bunker Hill
  • The British won the battle, but over 1000 of their soldiers were dead or wounded
the declaration of independence
The Declaration of Independence
  • In 1776, delegates like John and Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, and George Washington met in Philadelphia at the Second Continental Congress.
  • They were joined by Ben Franklin, John Hancock and Thomas Jefferson
the declaration of independence1
The Declaration of Independence
  • They agreed to form a Continental Army, led by George Washington
  • They sent a letter called the Olive Branch Petition to King George III asking for peace and to listen to their complaints.
the declaration of independence2
The Declaration of Independence
  • In 1776, Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet (a small book) called Common Sense
  • It convinced many people that independence was necessary, that it was “common sense!”
  • Many people were convinced by Paine’s pamphlet to become Patriots
the declaration of independence3
The Declaration of Independence
  • In June, 1776, Thomas Jefferson was chosen to write a declaration to send to the king
  • This document became the Declaration of Independence
  • It was signed on July 4, 1776 in Philadelphia
the declaration of independence4
The Declaration of Independence
  • Though the colonies were NOT yet independent, the D. of I was a strong statement of their feelings
  • It made it clear to the world that the colonies intended to fight for their freedom
american revolution acrostic
American Revolution Acrostic
  • On a piece of notebook paper, create an acrostic that:
    • Mentions at least four things that helped to cause the American Revolution (look back at your T-chart on page 53)
    • Mentions at least four things that happened in the early days of the Revolution (use today’s notes)
    • The last two letters are your choice.
bellringer 11 15 11
Bellringer, 11/15/11
  • Get out your bellringer sheet and a pen or pencil.
  • Number today’s bellringer box 1-4…we’ll be watching a BrainPOP video about the Causes of the American Revolution.
  • Be prepared to write down four facts as you watch the video.
bellringer 11 16 11
Bellringer, 11/16/11
  • Please get out your assigned iPad
  • Log on to the network and open up Safari.
  • Go to www.flchoices.org
  • Please wait for further instructions.
bellringer 11 17 11
Bellringer, 11/17/11
  • Look at the picture called Bunker Hill on page 131 of the textbook
  • Who painted this?
  • Who is the man standing in the picture?
  • Why do you think the artist painted him standing like that?
  • Do you think he really was standing like that? Why?
  • Do the soldiers look like regular army soldiers? Why or why not?
after the test
After the Test….
  • Glue your study guide to page 59 of your notebook.
  • Work on your homework: 5-4 and 5-4 guided reading activity
  • Turn in if finished.
  • Work on any makeup work you owe me.
  • Begin working on Ch. 6 Title page, on page 60 in your notebook. Remember, it should have:
    • A title
    • Three pictures related to the chapter
    • At least three colors.
  • Begin reading Chapter 6-1.