Dr. Emma Williamson Professor Marianne Hester. LGBT Domestic Violence: Examining the literature. Contents:. Outline of the Home Office Project Rapid Evidence Assessment (REA) Key Research Literature which addresses LGBT perpetrators Recommendations (will appear in HO report).
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LGBT Domestic Violence:
Examining the literature
Exploring the service and support needs of male, lesbian, gay, bi-sexual and transgendered and black and other minority ethnic victims of domestic and sexual violence
Marianne Hester, Emma Williamson, Geetanjali Gangoli, Mark Coulter
Linda Regan, Rebecca Davenport, Jocelyn Watson
Khatidja Chantler, Lorraine Green
Generic DV terms = 2,121 hits.
Sexual orientation including the terms:
Homosexual$ [27396 hits];
Same sex [11365 hits];
Lesbian [3222 hits];
Gay [6421 hits];
Bisexual [3350 hits];
Transgender [442 hits] were carried out.
These were then examined by hand.
Hand searches were also conducted within the Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association [2000-2002] and Sex Roles.
Further studies identified within the male victim search were included, as was a variety of grey literature.
Renzetti (1988, 1992); Merrill & Wolfe (2000); Giorgio (2002); Ristock (2002); Balsam & Szymanski (2005); Donovan & Hester et al (2007); Houston & McKirnan (2007)
Heintz (2006); Robinson & Rowlands (2006)
Service provider perspectives
Renzetti (1996); Blasko (2007); Helfrich & Simpson (2006)
Coleman. V.E. (2003) Treating the lesbian batterer: theoretical and clinical considerations – a contemporary psychoanalytic perspective, in Journal of aggression, maltreatment & trauma, 7 (1/2) 159-205.
Theoretical paper which looks at the “intrapsychic factors” in the treatment of lesbian batterers. Looks at personality development in relation to:
Farley, N. (1996) "A Survey of Factors Contributing to Gay and Lesbian Domestic Violence", Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 35-42.
Qualitative study of gay male and lesbian perpetrators of DV.
288 Clients referred to perp programme. Males = 119, Females = 169.
Research to understand whether self abusing behaviour is predominant among these perpetrators. ALL psychologically abused as children. Very high rates of external abuse and self abusing in both lesbian and gay male group.
Fountain.K., and Skolnik.A.A. (2006) Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender domestic violence in the United States in 2006. National Coalition of anti-violence programs.
Useful outline of LGBT abuse. Local summaries highlight only 1 area where LGBT intervention programmes exist. L.A. Gay and Lesbian Centre has court approved batterer intervention programme.
All other areas report lack of resources made more difficult due to legal discrimination re: same-sex marriage.
Looks at psychological profiling. Concludes abuse can occur in relatively egalitarian relationships.
Margolies, L., Leeder, E. (1995) Violence at the door: Treatment of lesbian batterers. Violence Against Women, 1, 139-157.
30 lesbian batterers, psychological profiles.
Suggests lesbian batterers are women who have broken the nor of compliant victim.
Therefore challenging the boundaries of perpetrator and victim.
Marrujo, B., Kreger, M. (1996) Definitions of roles in abusive lesbian relationships. In Renzetti & Miley (eds) Violence in gay and lesbian domestic relationships.
62 lesbian clients who were victims/perpetrators of domestic violence.
Suggests third role, beyond perpetrator/victim, of “participant”.
Examines whether police respond the same to heterosexual and same sex domestic violence .
“For gay perpetrators of abuse, seeking help from formal services is actively discouraged by support groups who anticipate potentially volatile situations among groups of men already susceptible to violent behaviours” .
Telesco.G.A. (2003) Sex role identity and jealousy as correlates of abusive behavior in lesbian relationships, Journal of Human Behaviour and the Social Environment, 8 (2/3) 153-69.
105 lesbians. Strong evidence of a relationship between jealousy and abusive behaviour.
Walder-Haugrud, L.K., Gratch, L.V., Magruder, B. (1997) Victimization and perpetration rates of violence in gay and lesbian relationships: Gender issues explored, Violence and Victims, 12 (2) 173-184.
283 gay men and lesbian women who experienced dv as victim and/or perpetrator.
Lesbians reported perpetration rate of 38%
Gay men reported perpetration rate of 21.8%.
Gender Based Violence