Building Student Vocabulary The ESL Team: Cathy Jacobs - cathy.jacobs Christina Mahar – christina.mahar Betsy Schneider – elisabethr.schneider
BICS & CALP (Jim Cummins) • BICS: Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (social English) Develops within 6 months to 2 years in US • CALP: Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (academic English) Develops 5 to 7 years, BUT if students have no prior schooling it can take up to 10 years to catch up to peers. Cummins, James. T homas & Collier (1995) http://www.everythingesl.net
SIOP Strategy: “I have…, Who has…?” • This is a strategy that promotes vocabulary while simultaneously requires student engagement. • Adaptable to any content area. • Student created and student led. Now let’s play!
SIOP Strategy: Personal Dictionaries • Created by students as an individual vocabulary and spelling resource • Students color code dictionaries based upon subject and content • School wide system with total faculty involvement
SIOP Strategy: Four Corners Vocabulary • A graphic organizer that makes vocabulary words comprehensible • Includes the word, a definition, a sentence, a picture and ELL students can translate the word as well • See handouts on tables
SIOP Strategy: Catch Phrase Vocabulary becomes a game! • Students are given a card with an academic vocabulary word written on it. • Smaller words in the corner are the words that students CAN’T say when they are trying to describe the word. • This game is rigorous because they have to think about how to describe the concept in a clear way while avoiding the use of some words. NOW YOU TRY! Mammal Describe this word Don’t use this word in the description. animal
NOW IT’S YOUR TURN! Graffiti Write!