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The Antarctic Marine Living Resources (AMLR) Program. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Marine Fisheries Service Southwest Fisheries Science Center. The AMLR team , 2010.

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The antarctic marine living resources amlr program

The Antarctic Marine Living Resources (AMLR) Program

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

National Marine Fisheries Service

Southwest Fisheries Science Center


The amlr team 2010
The AMLR team, 2010

The AMLR team is a group of scientists dedicated to preserving natural resources in Antarctica for future generations.


The history of the amlr program
The History of the AMLR Program

  • The long history of mostly unregulated harvesting activities in Antarctic waters has already contributed to the over exploitation of Antarctic fish and marine mammal stocks.  

  • Exploitation began in the early 1800’s with Antarctic fur seals and southern elephant  seals; both were driven to near extinction by the turn of the century.  


The antarctic marine living resources amlr program

  • Established in 1982 in response to concerns that increasing krill fishing activities could have a deleterious impact on the Southern Ocean ecosystem, the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) is an international treaty between 25 nations that seeks to manage Antarctic fisheries with the goal of preserving species diversity and stability of the entire Antarctic marine ecosystem.


The antarctic ecosystem

Antarctic fur seal, krill fishing activities could have a deleterious impact on the Southern Ocean ecosystem, the Arctocephalus gazella

Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba

The Antarctic ecosystem

  • AMLR scientists study a tiny but important organism called krill, which is an important part of the diet of fish, penguins, whales, seals, and many other animals.

  • If people take too much krill from the oceans, there won’t be any left to feed other animals.


How is krill used
How is krill used? krill fishing activities could have a deleterious impact on the Southern Ocean ecosystem, the 

  • People use krill to make nutritional supplements, especially Omega-3 Fatty Acids.

  • Krill are used as feed in fish farms, and as bait in sports fishing.

  • People eat krill in Russia and Japan. In Japan it is called okiami.

Photo: http://www.nature4less.com


Can you guess why these penguin colonies have a pink color
Can you guess why these penguin colonies have a pink color? krill fishing activities could have a deleterious impact on the Southern Ocean ecosystem, the 

(Hint…)


For our penguin experts what are the three species of penguin pictured here
For our penguin experts: krill fishing activities could have a deleterious impact on the Southern Ocean ecosystem, the What are the three species of penguin pictured here?


The antarctic marine living resources amlr program

Answers: krill fishing activities could have a deleterious impact on the Southern Ocean ecosystem, the 

Chinstrap

Gentoo

Adèlie


Where do amlr scientists go
Where do AMLR scientists go? krill fishing activities could have a deleterious impact on the Southern Ocean ecosystem, the 

  • The AMLR study area is near the northern tip of the Antarctic peninsula.

  • Gentoo penguins, chinstrap penguins and Adèlie penguins are common here.

  • Emperor penguins are found closer to the South Pole.

Map: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Antarctica.svg


This biologist is looking through seal poop scat for tiny fish bones called otoliths
This biologist is looking through seal poop (scat) for tiny fish bones called otoliths.

Otoliths are clues to what kind of fish the seal ate, and how big the fish were.

Why do you think this is important?


The antarctic marine living resources amlr program

Whether working on the ship… fish bones called

…or working at the field camps






The antarctic marine living resources amlr program

A rare glimpse of the ocean floor in Antarctica, taken with a special underwater camera designed by AMLR scientists.


The end
The end. a special underwater camera designed by AMLR scientists.

Bye!