The Challenge of Managing Marine Resources Industry's role in managing marine resources Peter Barham. Environmental Consultant. email@example.com
Hull Goole Associated British Ports Troon Ayr • UK’s largest ports company • 21 operations • Handles more than 25% of all UK seaborne trade • Competent Harbour Authorities • Safety of navigation paramount • Environmental management integral to port management Silloth Barrow Fleetwood Immingham Grimsby Garston King’s Lynn Lowestoft Ipswich Swansea Newport Port Talbot Barry Cardiff Southampton Teignmouth Plymouth
Ports and Sustainable Development • Ports industry is environmentally responsible • Ports industry is essential for global markets • Ports industry needs to accommodate changes to shipping and growth in markets • Ports industry is a key aspect in sustainable transport
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT objectives to deliver Sustainable Development:- • Achieving a sustainable marine economy • Ensuring a strong, healthy and just society • Living within environmental limits • Promoting good governance; and • Using sound science responsibly So working with nature is critical to SD
The environment: part of the problem or part of the solution? • the nature of the location - do we know enough about it • the nature of the problem - do we properly understand it or do we have a solution before we understand the problem • the options – are we open to the right option rather than just the one we want • does the preferred option really acknowledge the environment Or both?
Working with the environment - tried and tested • from the outset • establish project need and objectives • understand the environment • make meaningful use of stakeholder engagement to identify possible win-win opportunities • prepare initial project proposals/design to benefit navigation and nature • discuss with key stakeholders – environment and commercial • iterate design as necessary
Working with the environment increasingly • focuses on achieving the project objectives in an ecosystem context rather than assessing the consequences of a predefined project design; • focuses on identifying win-win solutions rather than simply minimising ecological harm. But can this always be achieved? What do we need to do to make it achievable?
ABP approach • SCOPING • preparation of EA based on a range of options • identification of impacts • on ecology • on favourable conservation status • decision on likely significant effect • mitigation or compensation or both • production of IROPI
ABP approach (continued) • Development of options • Choice of preferred option • Information on wider coastal management issues • Agreement on compensation objectives • Construction • Monitoring
Immingham Outer Harbour being dredged Where is the win win?
Compensation Objectives • need to comply with Habitats Directive • need to contribute to long term estuary management • need to agree with regulators and NGOs
Legal Agreement • Created commitment to compensation • Clarified compensation objective • Allowed objectors to remove objections • Avoided public inquiry • Recognised long term dynamic nature of estuary • Allows migration of mudflat to saltmarsh • Resolved issue of ‘like for like’ habitat requirements
Welwick – first winter But how much is this working with nature or simply addressing environmental regulations?
Environmental Issues - the need for change by developers and regulatory bodies • The need to contribute to sustainable development • The need to clarify what the law requires • The need to identify and deliver long term targets • The need to find better ways of working
Marine Objectives designed to….. • Steer administrations and wider public sector towards sustainable marine development • Steer, inform and educate • Underpin UK approach in developing European policy • Underpin development of an integrated marine policy statement
Current situation • Little clarity about what we want to achieve in the marine area • To achieve sustainable development we must have development, but: • Marine development is expensive • Planning and getting consent for major developments takes a long time • Uncertainty about which developments will be supported increases investor risk • Current investment conditions are risk averse • Economic objectives will not be achieved (with attendant loss of economic and social benefits) • Sustainable development will not be achieved
What Industry Wants • Clear commitment to sustainable development • including more environmental protection where it’s needed • Clear support for economic development • energy, renewable energy, marine aggregates, ports etc • Clear objectives and policies that will facilitate delivery • allowing environmental objectives to be built into sustainable developments • Win-win solutions for business and the environment • we have shown that development can also deliver environmental benefits]
Conclusions • sustainable development • to protect and improve the environment • to comply with legislation • to work together • to identify shared objectives for long term management • conservation needs • regulatory needs