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The Challenge of Managing Marine Resources
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  1. The Challenge of Managing Marine Resources Industry's role in managing marine resources Peter Barham. Environmental Consultant. peterjbarham@googlemail.com

  2. Hull Goole Associated British Ports Troon Ayr • UK’s largest ports company • 21 operations • Handles more than 25% of all UK seaborne trade • Competent Harbour Authorities • Safety of navigation paramount • Environmental management integral to port management Silloth Barrow Fleetwood Immingham Grimsby Garston King’s Lynn Lowestoft Ipswich Swansea Newport Port Talbot Barry Cardiff Southampton Teignmouth Plymouth

  3. Port Locations and Conservation Designations

  4. Ports and Sustainable Development • Ports industry is environmentally responsible • Ports industry is essential for global markets • Ports industry needs to accommodate changes to shipping and growth in markets • Ports industry is a key aspect in sustainable transport

  5. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT objectives to deliver Sustainable Development:- • Achieving a sustainable marine economy • Ensuring a strong, healthy and just society • Living within environmental limits • Promoting good governance; and • Using sound science responsibly So working with nature is critical to SD

  6. The environment: part of the problem or part of the solution? • the nature of the location - do we know enough about it • the nature of the problem - do we properly understand it or do we have a solution before we understand the problem • the options – are we open to the right option rather than just the one we want • does the preferred option really acknowledge the environment Or both?

  7. Working with the environment - tried and tested • from the outset  • establish project need and objectives • understand the environment • make meaningful use of stakeholder engagement to identify possible win-win opportunities • prepare initial project proposals/design to benefit navigation and nature • discuss with key stakeholders – environment and commercial • iterate design as necessary

  8. Working with the environment increasingly • focuses on achieving the project objectives in an ecosystem context rather than assessing the consequences of a predefined project design; • focuses on identifying win-win solutions rather than simply minimising ecological harm. But can this always be achieved? What do we need to do to make it achievable?

  9. Humber Estuary: Designations

  10. ABP approach • SCOPING • preparation of EA based on a range of options • identification of impacts • on ecology • on favourable conservation status • decision on likely significant effect • mitigation or compensation or both • production of IROPI

  11. ABP approach (continued) • Development of options • Choice of preferred option • Information on wider coastal management issues • Agreement on compensation objectives • Construction • Monitoring

  12. Port Development: Immingham

  13. Immingham Outer Harbour being dredged Where is the win win?

  14. Compensation Objectives • need to comply with Habitats Directive • need to contribute to long term estuary management • need to agree with regulators and NGOs

  15. Legal Agreement • Created commitment to compensation • Clarified compensation objective • Allowed objectors to remove objections • Avoided public inquiry • Recognised long term dynamic nature of estuary • Allows migration of mudflat to saltmarsh • Resolved issue of ‘like for like’ habitat requirements

  16. Chowder Ness Foreshore

  17. Chowder Ness

  18. Doig’s Creek

  19. Welwick Foreshore

  20. Welwick – first winter But how much is this working with nature or simply addressing environmental regulations?

  21. Environmental Issues - the need for change by developers and regulatory bodies • The need to contribute to sustainable development • The need to clarify what the law requires • The need to identify and deliver long term targets • The need to find better ways of working

  22. Marine Objectives designed to….. • Steer administrations and wider public sector towards sustainable marine development • Steer, inform and educate • Underpin UK approach in developing European policy • Underpin development of an integrated marine policy statement

  23. Current situation • Little clarity about what we want to achieve in the marine area • To achieve sustainable development we must have development, but: • Marine development is expensive • Planning and getting consent for major developments takes a long time • Uncertainty about which developments will be supported increases investor risk • Current investment conditions are risk averse • Economic objectives will not be achieved (with attendant loss of economic and social benefits) • Sustainable development will not be achieved

  24. What Industry Wants • Clear commitment to sustainable development • including more environmental protection where it’s needed • Clear support for economic development • energy, renewable energy, marine aggregates, ports etc • Clear objectives and policies that will facilitate delivery • allowing environmental objectives to be built into sustainable developments • Win-win solutions for business and the environment • we have shown that development can also deliver environmental benefits]

  25. Conclusions • sustainable development • to protect and improve the environment • to comply with legislation • to work together • to identify shared objectives for long term management • conservation needs • regulatory needs