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Core Agriculture Support Program, 2011-2020 (CASP Phase 2)

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Core Agriculture Support Program, 2011-2020 (CASP Phase 2). GMS Working Group on Agriculture Dr. Thamana Lekprichakul Program Coordinator/Deputy WGA Manager ASEAN Feed & Rice Symposium, Bangkok, 9 April 2014. Outline of the Presentatio n. Core Agriculture Support Program Phase 2

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Core Agriculture Support Program, 2011-2020(CASP Phase 2)

GMS Working Group on Agriculture

Dr. ThamanaLekprichakul

Program Coordinator/Deputy WGA Manager

ASEAN Feed & Rice Symposium, Bangkok, 9 April 2014

outline of the presentatio n
Outline of the Presentation
  • Core Agriculture Support Program Phase 2
  • CASP Regional Technical Assistance
  • Key Activities
  • Regional Investment Framework


The Greater Mekong Subregion is recognized

as the leading producer of safe food, using

climate friendly agricultural practices and integrated

into global markets through regional economic corridors.

Pillar 1:

Food Safety



Pillar 2:




Pillar 3:

Bioenergy &



Agricultural Research and Development

Private Sector Involvement

Institutional Mechanisms for Regional Cooperation

implementation structure


Implementation Structure

Working Group on Agriculture (WGA)

(WGA Coordinators from GMS Countries)

WGA CoChair

Director, SEER


ADB Project Officer

WGA Secretariat

(WGA Manager and Administrative Staff)

WGA National Secretariat Support Units



Coordination and Advisory

Implementing Partners

International and National Consultants

WGA National Secretariat Support Units

National Secretariat Specialists (NSS)*

WGA National Focal Points (Counterpart)

Contact Points in Agencies/Ministries

*NSS are TA-funded

reta 6521 accelerating implementation of core agriculture support program
RETA 6521: Accelerating Implementation of Core Agriculture Support Program
  • RETA amount: $3.164 M (breakdown below)

ADB : $1.5 M;PRC Fund: $0.25 M; IFAD :$0.20M(parallel)

FAO : $0.714 M(in-kind); GMS : $0.250 M(in-kind)

  • Implementation Period:2008-2014
  • Project Outputs :
  • Implementation of the Strategy for Biotechnology and Biosafety Initiated
  • Agriculture Information and Network Service Development and Use Promoted
  • Rural Renewable Energy
  • Cross-border Trade Facilitation
reta 6521 casp 1 cont
RETA 6521: CASP 1 (cont.)

Minor change in scope in 2012

  • GMS Drought Management
    • Develop drought monitoring & warning system
    • Develop drought vulnerable maps
    • Cost-benefit analysis for economic loss due to drought
    • Capacity development
    • Knowledge products
  • Project Status: for extension for 1 year
ta 6390 transboundary animal disease control for poverty reduction in the gms
TA 6390: TransboundaryAnimal Disease Control for Poverty Reduction in the GMS

ADB Approval: Feb 2007; TA total amount is $1.65 M

Impact:to contribute to the larger goal of reducing poverty in poor livestock farming communities in the GMS, through better control of TAD, increased production of safer food, and enhanced opportunities for smallholders to access higher value markets, in order to sell their livestock and livestock products.

Project Status: Requesting ADB to extended completion date to 2015 to carry forward the planned pilot activities on cross-border livestock tracability system and awareness raising materials

ta 7833 capacity building for the efficient use of biomass for bioenergy food security
TA 7833: Capacity Building for the Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy & Food Security

ADB Approval: June 2011

RETA Amount: $4 M

Implementation Period: 2011-2014

Impact: Improved access to clean bionergy and enhanced food security.

Outcome: Enhanced capacity for efficient utilization of biomass for scale-up production of clean bioenergy and organic soil amendments.

Project Status: TA is being implemented by a consulting firm

reta 8163 implementing core agriculture support program phase ii in the gms
RETA 8163: Implementing Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II in the GMS
  • Initial Budget: $7.5M from Sida with additional financing from various development partners i.e.
    • $5M NDF and $0.5 ADB for N-cycle
    • $1M Swiss Gov’t for ‘green water’ management
  • Impact: agricultural sector that is more integrated and climate-friendly in the GMS.
  • Outcome: enhanced market access for environmentally-friendly agricultural products produced by smallholders
ta 7833 efficient use of biomass for bioenergy and food security in the gms
TA 7833 Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the GMS

-TA amount $4 million

-Implementing Period 2011-2014

ta 7833 efficient use of biomass for bioenergy and food security in the gms1
TA 7833 Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the GMS

Output 1: Enhanced regional cooperation on bioenergy development that safeguards and fosters food security;

Output2: Climate-friendly, gender-responsive biomass investment projects pilot tested;

Output 3: Enhanced capacity for the efficient use of biomass;

Output 4: Knowledge products developed and disseminated.

ta 7833 output 1
TA 7833: Output 1

Review of National Policies

International Best Practice Standards, Labelling and Certification

National Working Groups on Standards

Regional Forums

ta 7833 output 2
TA 7833: Output 2

Selected proposed technologies – Improved Cook Stoves, Bioslurry from biogas production, Biochar

6 feasibility studies in Viet Nam and Cambodia

A rapid assessment of biomass use option for Laos PDR

Review of existing business models

feasibility studies on pilot investments
Feasibility Studies on Pilot Investments

Demonstrating the Production and Use of Biochar

Scale-Up the Use of Biochar from Rice Husks in Climate-Friendly Rice Production

Scaling-Up Adoption of Improved Cook Stoves

Scaling-Up Proven Biogas Technology and Efficient Bioslurry Management PracticesPilot Investment Project to Scale-Up Efficient Bioslurry Management Practices within the Viet Nam National Biogas Program

Rapid Appraisal for Efficient Utilization of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security

improved cook stoves
Improved Cook Stoves
  • Business Model: aggregating demand and incentivize sales promotion
  • e.g., Viet Nam Women’s Union linked to producers of approved stoves, receive training and incentives to sell stoves.
  • First sale campaign: 3days sales of 300 and 80 achieved in the two districts
  • Limited use of slurry 5 to 30%
  • Pilot systems to move slurry to home gardens or composting
  • Business model – production of slurry enriched compost by women and farmer group
  • Biogas programs
    • Evaluate environmental impact of slurry
  • Cumulative effects are significant
    • est. of 150,000 m3 per annum in 1 commune
biochar upscaling findings
Biochar Upscaling Findings
  • Safety issues identified in local production technologies, particularly from rice husk
  • Move focus from
    • “Production” to “use”
      • demand focus
    • “Soil Amendment” to part of “nutrient delivery”
  • From public good “carbon” to private good “ agronomic benefit”

Increases pH

Reduced greenhouse gas

Fluxes (CH4, N2O)

Improves soil water retention





(with ageing)

Adds nutrients / more efficient use of soil nutrients

Improves soil structure

Improved microbial


Stores carbon in soil for > 1000 years


Biochar Pilots

Product Development

  • Public and private sector joint initiative
  • Provide product development grant funds for biofertiliser formulations and production including biochar

Product Testing

  • Research demonstrations
  • Farmer demonstration plots and farmer field schools
    • Rice and vegetables
  • Womens home garden training
laos pdr
Laos PDR

Business Model:

Linking local entrepreneurs with

biomass technologies

  • production of composts
  • production of bio fertiliser
  • Introduce biochar kilns

example Cambodia

  • Introduce small scale bio-digestors
biochar health and safety tests
Biochar Health and Safety tests

Testing of locally available char resources

Characterisation tests – completed

Presence of crystalline silica - awaiting final test results

ta 7833 output 3
TA 7833: Output 3

TA 7833: Output 4

  • Technical knowledge products
  • Biomass Assessment for CLV
  • Biobrief series

Capacity Building

Study tours

Courses on Biocharbiofertilizer

Participation in regional events

ta 8163 reg implementation of core agriculture support program phase ii1
TA 8163-REG: Implementation of Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II
  • Initial Budget: $7.5M from Sida with additional financing from various development partners i.e.
    • $5M NDF and $0.5 ADB for N-cycle
  • Impact: agricultural sector that is more integrated and climate-friendly in the GMS.
  • Outcome: enhanced market access for environmentally-friendly agricultural products produced by smallholders.
  • Strengthened regional framework and capacity for agri-food quality management
  • Established e-trade on eco-friendly agri-food production for smallholders
  • Increased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture
  • Knowledge management and dissemination
  • Strengthened regional cooperation on agriculture

RETA 8163: Additional Financing

  • Additional financing approved in Nov 13:

$5.0 m (NDF) and $0.5m (ADB) for Output 3 - gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture:

  • GMS-wide regional cooperation on harmonized policies, standards, and regulations on efficient use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizer;
  • pilot investment models to scale up efficient nitrogen fertilizer (in CAM, LAO, MYN);
  • GMS-wide institutional capacity building on efficient nitrogen-cycle management and greenhouse gas mitigation
expected outputs with
Expected Outputs with

By 2017:

Road maps for regional policy framework and adoption of common carbon accounting standards to monitor and promote improvements in nitrogen-use efficiency

10% increase crop yield/unit of fertilizer applied in project sites

ta 8163 reg additional 1m from adb water financing partnership facility for green water management
TA 8163-REG: Additional $1M from ADB Water Financing Partnership Facilityfor ‘green’ water management
  • For ADB management approval by Q2 2014
  • To finance additional activities under:
    • Output 3: Increased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture: rainwater harvesting, soil moisture management i.e. mulching, adding soil organic matter, and terracing (pilot projects on green water management in rainfed agriculture in CLM)
    • Output 4: Facilitated knowledge management and dissemination: Conduct of regional studies and policy supports on green water management
ta 8163 reg output 1
TA 8163-REG: Output 1
  • Strategy for the implementation of PGS developed
    • PGS is a community-based cerficationsystem for safe food for smallholder farmers.
    • The goal is to identify and implement at least 12 pilot projects, two in each countries, to test new innovative business models to scale up PGS in the region.
  • PGS regional workshop conducted
ta 8163 reg output 2
TA 8163-REG: Output 2

Capacity building for farmers on market access for domestic and export markets, starting with Lao and Thai farmers

Initial consultations with the Foreign Economic Cooperation Center of the Ministry of Agriculture of the PRC on enhancing the AINS into e-trade forum (possible additional funding from PRC in 2014 to be further discussed)

ta 8163 reg output 3
TA 8163-REG: Output 3

Consulting engaged to identify/implement PPP projects to enhance emerging value chains

Government officials supported to attend Training Program on Chemical Management Strategies in Sweden, organized by a Swedish Chemicals Agency

Jointly organized with the Phnom Penh Plan Human Resource Development under the theme “Enhancing Regional Competitiveness and Sustainability of Agriculture Sector”

Co-financed training on contract farming organized by FAO

Participated in awareness raising activities with GMS Environment Operations Center and ADB/FAO/WOCAN Regional High-level consultation on Gender, Food and Nutrition Security Priorities for the Asia Pacific region

ta 8163 reg output 4
TA 8163-REG: Output 4

Draft CASP 2 communication strategy

Initiate development of GMS-WGA web site

CASP 2 brochure; DVDs on climate-friendly agriculture, compost making technology, biochar application as soil amendment, post-harvest technology of fruits and vegetables.

ta 8163 reg output 5
TA 8163-REG: Output 5

WGA 10 and Joint Knowledge Event with WGE organized in Lao PDR

WGA Manager replaced

Recruitment of NSS staff in PRC and CAM is ongoing.

Hired Program Coordinator, Knowledge Management Specialist, and Administrative Officer. Recruitment ongoing for Finance and Management Specialist, Procurement Specialist, Implementation Specialist…

collaboration with adbi
Collaboration with ADBI
  • Project Name: Agricultural Productivity and Natural Resource Management (AP and NRM)
  • Participating Countries: CLMV
  • Project Duration: Nov 2011 - Mar 2016
  • Donors: include ADBI, ADB, ASEAN Secretariat
  • Project Status:
    • training programs organized: in February 18-22, 2013 in partnership with Mekong Institute and New Zealand Aid Programme, and in Sept 2013 in Bangkok
    • Regional policy forum in Myanmar in May 2013
investment gms flood and drought risk management and mitigation
Investment: GMS Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation

Mekong river flooding W.E. Garrett

  • Loan/grant amount: $104 million

CAM: Loan Nos 2970 & 8262, Grant 0330

LAO & VIE: Loan 2936, Grant 0316 & 0317

  • Implementation period: 2013-2018
  • Board Approval: 12 Dec 2012
  • Project Description: Build Capacity of communities in lower Mekong basin against floods and droughts.
  • Key outputs: stronger regional coordination for management of flood and drought events, upgraded water management infrastructure; and enhances capacity for community based F&D management
investment trade facilitation improved sanitary and phytosanitary sps handling in the gms
Investment: Trade Facilitation- Improved Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Handling in the GMS
  • ADB Board Approval: CAM/LAO were approved on 26 June 2012; VIE was approved on 22 November 2012.
  • Implementation Period: October 2012 – August 2017 (CAM/LAO); April 2013 – June 2018 (VIE)
  • Loan amount: $25.87 million for CAM/LAO
  • Grant amount: $11.0 million for Lao PDR
  • Loan/Grant amount: $11.72 M for VIE
  • The Project:

The project will strengthen institutions and operational and management capacities in CAM, LAO and VIE for operating cost-effective SPS systems that facilitate trade and protect health.

RETA 8096: Improving  Sanitary and Phytosanitary Handling in GMS Trade (piggy-backed to CAM/LAO/VIE loans and grant)
  • Grant amount: $750,000
  • Implementation period: August 2012-August 2017
  • Impact and Outcome:
  • The impact of the TA is that AFF products become safer, more efficiently produced, and traded in greater quantities. The outcome is effective and well-connected SPS management systems, which will contribute to enhanced intra-regional trade, export competitiveness and protection of health.
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR): Capacity Enhancement of SPS Handling Arrangement to Improve Trade Facilitation

TA will focus on promoting Customs interface with SPS agencies, and SPS capacity development to promote regional cooperation and harmonization

Project Outcome: Enhanced SPS management system to cooperate with customs administrations in promoting trade in GMS

Processing Period:

Concept Clearance: 02 Jul 2013

Fact-finding: 19 Aug 2013 to 10 Sep 2013

investment low carbon agricultural support project vie
Investment: Low Carbon Agricultural Support Project (VIE)
  • Loan amount: $74 million, approved Dec 2012
  • Implementation period : 2013-2018
  • Project Description:
    • Activities are parts of climate change (CC) mitigation and adaptation measures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in VIE.
    • Enhance climate smart agriculture development and practices focused on strengthening Low Carbon Agriculture (LCA) policies and institutions;
    • Establishing infrastructure support for agri-waste management;
    • Enhancing LCA technology and development transfer.
reta 7493 addressing p re and post harvest challenges of rice supply chain
RETA 7493: Addressing Pre- and Post-harvest Challenges of Rice Supply Chain
  • RETA Amount: $ 2 million for CAM, PHI, THA, VIE
  • Project Outputs:
    • Reduce pre-harvest losses through field resistance screening method and germplasm country strategies
    • reduced postharvest losses through technology and mgt options, agri-extension/advice and post-harvest networks
    • Project Status:
    • germplasm & field resistance screening methods and successful dissemination of pre-harvest methods & banning of pest control meds in THA and VIE
    • Post harvest work with NARS
reta 7495 support for the asean 3 integrated food security framework
RETA 7495: Support for the ASEAN+3 Integrated Food Security Framework
  • RETA amount:$2 million (JSF)
  • Project Components:
    • Establish ASEAN Plus Three Emergency Rice Reserve
    • Actionplan for expanded and stable rice trade
    • Promote usage of ASEAN Food Security Information System (AFSIS)
  • Project Status:
    • APTERR rules and procedures for endorsement in Feb 2013
    • Pilot ASEAN Rice Trade Forum endorsed by ASEAN+3 as a regular activity
    • AFSIS to become a permanent mechanism by 2013
strategic research for sustainable food nutrition security in asia 1
Strategic Research for Sustainable Food & Nutrition Security in Asia (1)
  • RETA amount: $1.4M for CAM, LAO, PHI, THA, VIE
  • Board Approval: Dec 2011
  • Project Outputs :
  • Adopt eco-based management methods to reduce rice pest outbreaks, and viable postharvest rice technologies
  • Develop innovations and partnership investments for water-saving technologies and safe food supply chains;
  • Develop demand-driven and results-based strategic action plan for ARD of Asian DMCs
  • Project Status: On Pre-harvest:
    • Focused on upscaling TA activities (multimedia campaigns and education entertainment TV series-Ecological Engineering TV)
strategic research for sustainable food nutrition security in asia 2
Strategic Research for Sustainable Food & Nutrition Security in Asia (2)

Project Status: On Pre-harvest (con’t):

    • Engaged governments of THA and VIE in project advocacy
    • Presented at 34th ASEAN Senior Officials’ Meeting and World Bank's Forum for Agri-risk Management on Rice in Asia. 
    • Approved parallel funding for two projects initiated by the TA

Project Status: On Post-harvest:

  • Established business plans and models for hermetic storage systems for seed producers (PHI), combine harvesting services (CAM), and drying services (CAM & PHI) and established link between rice producers and local supply chains for hermetic storage systems 
  • Conducted skills and capacity building in three countries.
  • Ongoing research on mycotoxin contamination in rice grains
reta 7996 innovative financing for agri food value chains afvc
RETA 7996: Innovative Financing for Agri-Food Value Chains (AFVC)
  • RETA amount: $1.5M for Cambodia
  • Project Outputs :
  • policy report for inclusive and sustainable AFVC financing to BAN and CAM,
  • innovative AFVC finance business models for smallholder farms and SMAEs
  • application of a knowledge platform on innovative AFVC financing by selected DMCs.
  • Project Status:
    • International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) engaged for Q 1 and 3; individual consultants for Q 2
    • Planning workshop on 11-13 April 2013 in Beijing
cam climate resilient rice commercialization sector development program
CAM: Climate Resilient Rice Commercialization Sector Development Program

Impact: Increased net incomes of stakeholders along the rice value chain

Board approval: June 2013 (3 loans, 2 grants) $87.4M

Project Outcome: Enhanced production of quality rice in Cambodia while preserving the natural resource base

mya enhancing rural livelihoods and incomes
MYA: Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes

Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction grant of $12M approved in Dec 2013

Impact: Improved agricultural productivity and enhanced livelihoods contributing to reduced rural poverty in Ayeyarwady Delta Region, the Central Dry Zone, Kayin State, and the Shan State Plateau

Outcome: Improved essential social and productive rural infrastructure in the project-assisted villages

GMS East-West Economic Corridor Agriculture Infrastructure Sector Project (formerly Rural Access Improvement Project Along the EWEC)

$60M loan for LAO approved in Sept 2013

Impact: Increased household incomes in the project areas

Outcome: Increased agricultural productivity in the project areas

Description of Project Outputs: Improved agriculture infrastructure Increased capacity of farmers to manage and use agriculture infrastructure efficiently Efficient project management

sustainable natural resource management and productivity enhancement project
Sustainable Natural Resource Management and Productivity Enhancement Project

Approved $20 M grant in Feb 2009 for Lao

Impact: More efficient and sustainable natural resource management and improved sector productivity.

Outcome: Enhanced institutional capacity at provincial and national levels to manage natural resource utilization in a sustainable manner.

Description of Project Outputs: 1. Capacity building for ANR Sector management; 2. Investment in Resource Management and Productivity Enhancement; 3. Efficient project management