SASIG & Department for Transport (DfT) Engagement Event 19 January 2011. National Aviation Policy Review - Input to Scoping Report. UK Aviation Policy – Past Present & Future. similarities and differences as UK aviation policy has developed driving forces at each stage
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19 January 2011
Dec. 1945 Command Paper on British Air Services
July 1948 report by Select Committee on Estimates
July 1963 Committee on the Problem of Noise, Final Report (Cmnd 2056)
1966 Airport Authority Act
Feb. 1978 Airports Policy White Paper (Labour)
Dec. 1979 Report of the Advisory Committee on Airports Policy
June 1985 Airports Policy White Paper (Conservative)
1986 Airports Act
1990 RUCATSE Study – Runway Capacity to serve the South-East; reported in July 1993
Feb. 1995 Government response to RUCATSE
May 1996 Transport Select Committee report ‘UK Airport Capacity’
July 1998 Transport White Paper
Dec. 2003 White Paper - The Future of Air Transport (ATWP)
2006 Civil Aviation Act
[Oct. 2006 - Stern Review of the Economics of Climate Change]
[Dec. 2006 Eddington Transport Study]
Dec. 2006 - ATWP Progress Report
[2008 Climate Change Act]
Dec. 2009 - Committee on Climate Change Aviation Report
An Act to provide for the dissolution of the British Airports Authority and the vesting of its property, rights and liabilities in a company nominated by the Secretary of State;
to provide for the reorganisation of other airport undertakings in the public sector;
to provide for the regulation of the use of airports and for the imposition of economic controls at certain airports;……
…..to make other amendments of the law relating to airports;
to make provision with respect to the control of capital expenditure by local authority airport undertakings; and
for connected purposes.
[8th July 1986]
“The Government recognises the benefits that the expansion in air travel has brought to people's lives and to the economy of this country. Its increased affordability has opened up the possibilities of foreign travel for many people, and it provides the rapid access that is vital to many modern businesses. But…..
….we have to balance those benefits against the environmental impacts of air travel, in particular the growing contribution of aircraft emissions to climate change and the significant impact that airports can have on those living nearby.”
Passenger growth – currently around 6% per annum – is not slowing down to 3% or 4% as was forecast
iIf not constrained by airport capacity, air travel demand at UK airports is forecast to grow strongly under the central case, from 241 million passengers per annum (mppa) in 2007 to 465mppa in 2030 (within the range 415-500mppa).
UK Air Passenger Demand and CO2 Forecasts, DfT, Jan. 2009
WHEN GROWTH PICKS UP AGAIN the estimate of 500 mppa will be reached in 2021 not 2030
There could be 780 mppa by 2030
Civil Aviation Authority UK Airport Statistics (www.caa.co.uk)
Whether or not new airport capacity should be provided?
"The main environmental effects of aviation are those of aircraft noise and aircraft emissions. The former largely affect areas at and around airports, the latter can have both local effects on air quality and global effects on climate. These problems are becoming more serious as aviation continues to grow at rates that outstrip the ability of technological and operational improvements in environmental performance to keep pace."
European Commission – air transport webpages
UK Government aviation target – CO2 emissions from UK aviation in 2050 should be at or below 2005 levels – excludes non-CO2 effects of aviation
Considerable scientific uncertainty
However, it is important to account for non-CO2 effects of aviation in future international policy framework & UK emissions reductions
Committee on Climate Change Aviation Report, Dec. 2009 (Exec. Sum. pg.9)
UK Government aviation target – CO2 emissions from UK aviation in 2050 should be at or below 2005 levels
could be met in concert with
55% increase in air transport movements (from 2005 level) if achieve annual carbon intensity reduction of around 0.9% (from biofuels and fleet fuel efficiency)
60% increase in passenger numbers (from 2005 level) assuming load factors increase
55% increase in ATMs (from 2005 level) is around 3.4 million, 2005 level was 2.2 million
Total current theoretical capacity at UK airports is 5.6 million ATMs
However available capacity is not the only consideration – geographical spread, accessibility, choice, services, integration, etc.
The broad options are:
Need these to be at all levels - domestic, regional (EU), and international – and need to cover: