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Bach in Weimar and Cöthen

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  1. Bach in Weimar and Cöthen

  2. The Dukes of Weimar Duchies of Saxony (Saxe-Weimar includes Saxe-Jena)

  3. Thuringia divided into duchies Wettin Albert Ernest (1441-1486) Frederick the Wise 1463-1525

  4. Johann Ernst II 1627-1683 Wilhelm Ernst 1622-1728 Johann Ernst III 1664-1707 Ernst August 1688-1748 Prince Johann Ernst 1696-1715

  5. Weimar • Sts. Peter and Paul Church (Johann Gottfried Walther, organist)

  6. Cranach triptych in Sts. Peter and Paul, Weimar

  7. Bach children baptized in Weimar • Catharina Dorothea (1708 ) • Wilhelm Friedemann (1710) • Twins Maria Sophia and Johann Christoph (1713, died soon after birth) • Carl Philipp Emanuel (1714) • Johann Gottfried Bernhard (1715)

  8. Castle Church (Schloßkirche)

  9. Castle Church liturgical life Hymnals: • Auserlesenes Weimarisches Gesangbuch, 1681 • Schuldiges Lob Gottes oder Geistreiches Gesang-buch, 1713 (ed. Johann Georg Lairitz)

  10. Bach’s work in Weimar: Organ • Orgelbüchlein (Little Organ Book) • 18 Chorales

  11. Bach’s work in Weimar: Harpsichord and early vocal work • BWV 1127, Alles mit Gott • Weimar\Sample of newly discovered BWV 1127_files\BWV 1127 sound sample page.htm

  12. Bach’s work in Weimar: Teacher • Private students • Treatise on keyboard fingering

  13. Bach’s work in Weimar: Concertmaster (1714) • Higher status and salary • Primary work as composer • Cantatas take prominence • BWV 182, “Himmelskönig, sei wilkommen” – for March 25, 1714 (Annunciation/Palm Sun.)

  14. Reputation outside of Weimar • Interviews/organ work in Halle, 1716 • Good Friday performance in Gotha, 1717 • 1717 keyboard “tournament” with Marchand • Good riddance: Jailed and unfavorably released from Weimar post

  15. Capellmeister in Cöthen

  16. Cöthen and Calvinism • Cuius regio, eius religio

  17. Emmanuel Leberecht I Gisela Agnes 1671-1704 1669-1740 Lutheran! Leopold I Elonore Wilhelmine Augustus Louis 1694-1728 1696-1726 1697-1755 m. Ernst August of Weimarno joint rule with Leopold

  18. Prince Leopold (1694-1728)

  19. Major works in Cöthen • Brandenburg Concertos • French Suites • Well Tempered Clavier • Sonatas and Partitas for solo violin • Suites for solo cello

  20. St. Agnus Church: a Lutheran Church in a Calvinist town

  21. Cöthen events • Carlsbad (Karlsbad) summers • Death of Maria, 1720 • Trip to Hamburg, 1720. • Adam Reinken: "I thought that this art was dead, but I see that it lives in you."

  22. Anna Magdalena’s Clavier Buchlein