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RFID and the Metric System: Lessons to be Learned?. Lori Bowen Ayre Principal Consultant The Galecia Group RFID in Libraries Conference, London November 15, 2012. About Me. Lori Bowen Ayre Former IT Director of Law Firm Technology Consultant Librarian Automated Materials Handling RFID

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rfid and the metric system lessons to be learned
RFID and the Metric System: Lessons to be Learned?

Lori Bowen AyrePrincipal Consultant

The Galecia Group

RFID in Libraries Conference, London

November 15, 2012

about me
About Me
  • Lori Bowen Ayre
  • Former IT Director of Law Firm
  • Technology Consultant
  • Librarian
  • Automated Materials Handling
  • RFID
  • Open Source LMS Software
  • Local Roots
the galecia group
The “Galecia” Group

Galecia lived in the 13th Century, during the reign of Henry III, in the ancient forest of Melksham, in Wiltshire.

She was married to Humphredi le Eyr.

Galecia owned property which she handed down to her son, Nicholas who carried on the name Eyr.

Over many, many years, the name was changed to Eyre and finally Ayre.

Many years later, The Galecia Group was founded.

what about you
What About You?
  • RFID installed already today?
  • Looking into converting existing system to UKDM?
  • Thinking about ways to extend use of RFID?
  • Considering implementing RFID for first time?
  • Will demand vendors provide UKDM system?
  • Will demand vendors provide BLCF support?
us adopts iso 28560 2
US Adopts ISO 28560-2!

Was hoping to come here and relish in our success but you seem to be over it…

  • no one here cares about data models
  • all your vendors have shared their data models

Our “standard” is easy to ignore

  • “RFID in Libraries: A recommended practice of NISO. Prepared by the NISO RFID Revision Working Group”
  • NISO RP-6-2012
us vs uk rfid markets
US vs UK RFID Markets

Libraries still not 100% sure about RFID for libraries

  • when the tags cost 5 cents I’ll jump in
  • ominous rumblings: privacy, tag replacement
  • is something better going to come along?

More focus on staff workflows than self-service

  • could be just me…
  • automated check-in/sorting doesn’t require RFID

Lack of engagement on issue

  • library staff not well-educated on issues
  • vendors not engaged in the same way either
rfid penetration in us libraries 10
RFID Penetration in US Libraries < 10%
  • Small percentage of US libraries using RFID compared to Europe and elsewhere
  • Reasons they choose RFID
    • increase self-check-out use
    • automated materials handling implementation
    • handle more work with existing staff
    • improve security for media
    • Keep up with the Jones’
  • RFID still seen as a super barcode
    • expensive
    • somewhat risky
what i wish libraries wanted rfid to help them do
What I wish libraries wanted RFID to help them do
  • optimize resource-sharing workflows
  • untethered sorting
  • security of non-circulating material when offline
  • security throughout ILL life cycle
  • encode ISBN to for smartphone apps
  • use Set Info to reduce media handling
  • analyze usage (e.g. track number of check-outs and last check-out, track in-library use)
rfid standards compliance is important for interoperability
RFID Standards Compliance is Important for Interoperability
  • Vendor interoperability – ability to buy tags and RFID-enabled equipment from any vendor
  • Library interoperability – ability to read tags from other library systems
  • LMS interoperability – ability to change to a new LMS without fear that your RFID system will break
beyond the data models
Beyond the Data Models
  • Data Model not enough
  • SIP2 and NCIP2 aren’t enough
  • Work of BCLF to define what we need is excellent
    • What we need to exploit RFID
    • What we need to do our jobs
  • How can we get USA involved?
  • How about via Open Source LMS movement?
open source lmss
Open Source LMSs
  • Koha
    • Developed in 2000 in New Zealand
    • Designed originally for smaller libraries
    • Now widely used worldwide by libraries of all sizes and types
  • Evergreen
    • Developed in 2006 in USA
    • Designed originally for consortia
    • Now used by hundreds of libraries in USA
open source libraries and rfid
Open Source Libraries and RFID
  • Both products, Koha and Evergreen, have libraries using RFID via SIP2
  • RFID vendors (like everyone) have complete access to the system so they can write interfaces that go beyond SIP2 and NCIP2 (theoretically)
  • The first BLCF API…any vendors volunteer to write it?
grand rapids public library s open source rfid system
Grand Rapids Public Library’s Open Source RFID System
  • Running Evergreen Open Source LMS
  • Developed their own Open Source interface for their RFID system
  • Their RFID system is based on UHF RFID because they wanted to use “commodity” hardware
  • This is Good News and Bad News
what s good and bad about that
What’s Good and Bad About That?
  • Good
    • Demonstrates initiative on part of library
    • Gives Evergreen users an free / cheap way to implement RFID
  • Bad
    • Doesn’t help non-Evergreen libraries at all
    • UHF system is not interoperable with HF
    • Not connected in any way to BLCF
changes resulting from open source lms adoption
Changes Resulting from Open Source LMS Adoption
  • Software developers are getting hired by libraries
  • Librarians are writing development specs and learning more about standards and protocols and how important they are
  • Libraries are beginning to take control of their technology in new way
  • Libraries are collaborating with each other instead of relying so much on “The Vendor”
rfid challenges in u s
RFID Challenges in U.S.
  • US libraries are moving to RFID but very few insist on ISO 28560-2
  • US libraries are not thinking expansively about how to exploit RFID technology
  • US libraries do not have a good record for “holding their vendor’s feet to the fire”
  • US libraries are unaware of BLCF (or even the thinking behind BLCF)
opportunity for international synergy
Opportunity for International Synergy

Let’s build on two important initiatives:

  • Open source LMS -use these open source products to build interfaces for LMS products that are open, put pressure on LMS vendors to build standard interfaces
  • BLCF – promote BLCF internationally to ensure consistency and interoperability as we expand the uses of RFID using those new interfaces
  • Lori, Alan and Mick - track developments related to BLCF and LMS support for BLCF