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1920s – Roaring Twenties. Unit 8.3. Prohibition. Passed with the 18 th Amendment, but backup with punishment with the Volstead Act What were the reasons behind this “ Noble Experiment ?” Did these reasons work? What are some reasons the politically involving immigrants?

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  • Passed with the 18th Amendment, but backup with punishment with the Volstead Act
  • What were the reasons behind this “Noble Experiment?”
  • Did these reasons work?
  • What are some reasons the politically involving immigrants?
  • What was the major negative effect?
some 20s slang to know
Some 20s slang to know
  • Wets
  • Drys
  • Bootleggers
  • Rum-runners
  • Speakeasies
  • Bathtub Gin
  • Hooch
women in the new era
Women in the “New Era”
  • Women could now vote with the 19th Amendment
  • Sheppard –Towner Act (1921) aim at women voters (prenatal/child healthcare)
  • National Woman’s Party led by Alice Paulpushed for the E.R.A. – Equal Rights Amendment(early feminist movement)
  • “Liberated Women,” but how?
    • Prohibition effects

Margaret Sanger and __________

    • Aimee McPherson – female preacher
    • Amelia Earhart
pink collar jobs
Pink Collar jobs
  • New jobs in “feminine” fields
      • Fashion, education, nursing, social work
  • Most educated married women still stayed at home
  • What were Boston Marriages?
the automobile impact
The Automobile Impact
  • From Model T to Model A
  • Impact on other industries such as steel, glass, oil
  • Suburbs expanding
  • Changing of the landscape with roads, gas stations
  • How did airplanes link our old pioneer spirit with a modern invention?
  • Charles Lindberg – Spirit of St. Louis
    • “Rugged Individualism”
  • Amelia Earhart
  • Radios – by end of decade almost every family had one
  • Movies – from silent films to talkies
      • “The Jazz Singer” starring Al Jolson – 1st talkie
  • Music / Dancing
    • Jazz music
      • Cab Calloway, Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong
    • Jitterbug / Charleston dances
  • “Youth Culture” develops
  • Baseball
    • Babe Ruth
  • Boxing
    • Jack Dempsey
  • Horse Racing
  • Swimming
    • Gertrude Ederle
  • Golf
    • Bobby Jones
harlem renaissance
Harlem Renaissance
  • Rebirth of Black Culture through writing, arts, and music
    • Langston Hughes
    • James Weldon Johnson
    • Zora Neal Hurston
black scare
Black Scare
  • Marcus Garveyand his United Negro Improvement Association organized ideas of black nationalism and a back-to-Africa movement
    • So what is the “black scare?”
  • Dubois and Randolph disagreed with movement, but endorse black pride ideas.
  • Would be a base for other groups in the 1960s.
  • The Klan opposed such ideas.
lost generation
Lost Generation
  • The Lost Generation writers wrote against the materialism and conformity of the 1920s.
    • F. Scott Fitzgerald – Great Gatsby
    • Sinclair Lewis – Main Street, Babbit
    • Was Hemingway one with Farewell to Armssince it was against military conflicts?
other writers and arts
Other Writers and Arts
  • The Fugitives – southern writers who wrote of strong rural traditions (against modernism)
  • Bruce Barton – The Man Nobody Knows– Jesus was a businessman. Parables are ads, has 12 salesmen
  • Frank Lloyd Wright – architect stressing functionalism
  • Georgia O’Keeffe – critical of new technology and urban life as paintings were natural
the scopes monkey trial
The Scopes Monkey Trial
  • John Scopes charged with breaking the law against teaching evolution in Tenn.
  • Defended by Clarence Darrow (of ACLU).
  • State lead attorney – William Jennings Bryan
  • Fined $100 at end, but…
  • Trial was representative of battle of Urban vs. Rural (1920 – 1st census where urban outnumbered rural).
  • Was representative of Fundamentalism vs. Modernism
  • As the battle of Modernism vs. Fundamentalism took place, there some religious happenings.
  • Billy Sunday
  • Aimee McPherson
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NLmmqna6t1E – 20s slang
  • http://marymiley.wordpress.com/ - 1920s interesting
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jez-dtD1CXc – jitterbug
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TRveIIe4uAs&feature=related – Charleston
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C77kx4FZyMQ&feature=relmfu - 20s and 50s comparison review
reflection questions
Reflection Questions
  • In what ways were there conflicts between the modern world and older traditions?
  • How did women change during the 1920s?
  • How is consumerism and materialism shown during the 1920s?
  • How are popular heroes (in entertainment) shown in different aspects of the 1920s?
  • What was the impact of the automobile and airplane?