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Educational Uses of Mashups

Educational Uses of Mashups

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Educational Uses of Mashups

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  1. The faithful corgi’s edublog: Home is at: Educational Uses of Mashups Susan Smith Nash, Ph.D.

  2. About Susan …. • Involved in the development and administration of online courses and programs since the early 1990s, Susan Smith Nash has made a point to share her experience as well as her research through her websites, weblogs and podcasts. Her background is interdisciplinary, with a Ph.D. in English, M.A. in English, graduate courses in economics and instructional design, B.S. in Geology. • The recipient of collaboration and innovation awards for her work in developing innovative and high-quality online and hybrid programs that take advantage of the latest technologies, Nash has been involved with organizations and educational institutions involved in online education and training. Ground-floor online program development for the University of Oklahoma and has developed curriculum and programs for elearning (including mobile learning) for Florida Community College Jacksonville, the Literature Institute, the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Excelsior College. • Over the last 15 years, Nash has developed instructional content for textbooks, audio books (educational mp3 downloads), simulations and serious games, video (downloadable educational video clips). Content includes Spanish and English language materials. • Having held administrative positions at Excelsior College and the University of Oklahoma, Susan currently holds a leadership position in at Victoria Resources, a natural resources company. Her role involves research in innovative processes. • She has published numerous articles in peer-reviewed journals and has made presentations at prominent national conferences. Susan is involved with research into the best ways to use new techniques and technologies (Web 2.0, etc), for effective e-learning (and training). • Her latest book, Excellence in College Teaching and Learning: Classroom and Online Instruction, was co-authored with George Henderson and published in 2007. Leadership and the e-Learning Organization, was published in 2006. Nash is managing editor of Texture Press, also an editor with JELLO - Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects. • Her edublog, e-Learning Queen ( has been nominated for several awards.

  3. What are the educational uses of mashups? • a. enhance instructional content • b. engage with the material on a deeper level • c. explore and uncover previously unsuspected aspects of the data • d. open up new worlds through new ways of seeing familiar things • e. discuss, debate and share insights and sources of information • f. develop analytical skills • g. enhance computer skills Home is at:

  4. PollMy educational focus: • a. higher education • b. K-12 education • c. corporate training • d. not-for-profit education • e. infrastructure and/or software service provider • f. textbooks and instructional materials Home is at:

  5. How does a mashup enhance learning? • a. Engages students in deeper learning. • b. Asks students to classify and organize knowledge. • c. Connects to real-world situations. • d. Encourages collaboration. • e. Creates ideal conditions for learning (engage learner, spark interest) • f. Causes students to learn by doing Home is at:

  6. POLL:In my educational experience, the hardest thing to do is to get students to • a. make the connection between the instructional content and the learning outcome • b. overcome their fear of the technology and the unknown • c. truly interact with each other in the discussion forums Home is at:

  7. Where / how can mashups be used in education? • step 1. define learning goal -- what do you want the data to tell you? • step 2. identify sources of data • step 3. determine if the data can be mined • step 4. discuss what the relationships of the data fields can reveal • step 5. identify pitfalls and problems with assumptions Home is at:

  8. Mashupsand Cognition • a. classification of knowledge • b. working memory • c. connections • d. experiential • e. emotional Home is at:

  9. Using Mashups to develop learning organizations • Encourage self-directed exploration • “Decriminalize” experimentation • Learning as play: a playful setting • The organization sees itself as capable of changing along with the innovations (innovation-led change / adaptation / growth) Home is at:

  10. Using Mashups to enhance learning processes and to develop learning communities • Efficient and effective collaborations • Developing schemata • Self-guided scaffolding • Informal mentoring • Distributed mentoring • Communities of practice Home is at:

  11. Cultural Considerations • a. be aware of potential bias in the way that databases are combined • b. be aware of the underlying assumptions used in selected databases • c. gender & cultural spin in articles pulled from news databases • d. ways of sharing data and information can vary from culture to culture Home is at:

  12. Gamer-Boomer Ramp-Ups • a. Digital natives have different comfort zones with technology • b. Boomers have learned to learn by creating classification schemes • b. Team learning -- problem-solving using each group's strengths Home is at:

  13. POLL • Question: Have you created a feed on a service (, netvibes, myspace, facebook, technorati, etc.) that filters the results based on a tag that you have selected? • Y/N Home is at:

  14. What kinds of mashups work best?From simple to complex.... • a. Use igoogle to blend together applications on a single page • googlescholar and google earth: Look at the current configuration of the Aral Sea (google earth); what has happened historically? (google scholar) Home is at:

  15. What kinds of mashups work best?From simple to complex.... • b. If you use Bebo to pull feeds tagged with "Westminster Kennel Club" along with "Beagle" with Flickr images tagged "Beagle" -- yield? stories about Uno, who won the Westminster Kennel Club "Best of Show" this year. Home is at:

  16. Bebo is easy to use:Built-in Spaces to Place your Apps Home is at:

  17. Bebo is a great place to experiment with apps & share Home is at:

  18. Bebo is easy to use:Customize your Feeds, Add Widgets Home is at:

  19. Virtual Tourist: Build a walking tourfor fellow students • Schmapplets: Home is at:

  20. Schmapplet – Oil and Gas ExplorationIn Oklahoma • Schmapplets: Home is at:

  21. Schmapplet – Oil and Gas ExplorationIn Oklahoma • Schmapplets: • Learning objectives possibilities with Schmapplets • Connect geography, culture, images, history • Relate to personal experience • Discuss current events and relate to contemporary issues Home is at:

  22. Yahoo Pipes Home is at:

  23. Yahoo Pipes – examples and tutorials • Home is at:

  24. Popfly • tutorial video Home is at:

  25. Before you mashup ... remember there are pitfalls -- • *results only as good as the data • *data can be outdated, incomplete, inaccurate... need to test • *it is helpful to think of applying the scientific method & developing multiple working hypotheses for a research question • *interrogate your research question... what do you really want it to tell you? • *will your methodology really yield what you want from your research question? Home is at:

  26. Example for Social Inequality Course:Rural Poverty, Cultural Isolation • It can be useful to probe the connection between rural poverty and cultural isolation in the U.S. (assuming that the socialization process occurs in a consumer society via consumption) -- selecting low per capita income towns (census data), getting zip codes, then using yahoo (or googlemaps) to see how many WalMart, Target, McDonald's, and Burger King restaurants, as well as "big box" stores there might be. • The idea that low income areas are typified by consumer-culture isolation was not supported in the way we expected. While low-income rural regions tended to not have the retail outlets mentioned above, there were "magnet communities" in the midst of low-income rural regions. • College towns tended to have low average income figures, but tended to have numerous chain or "big box" stores. Home is at:

  27. Mashed together data for young people: emphasis on illegal and high-risk behaviors -- • The well-being of young people can be related to their behavior and social environments. Mashed together data from various U.S. governmental agencies, with an emphasis on illegal and high-risk behaviors. Followed research design and methodology recommended by the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. • Source: National Institutes of Health / National Institute of Drug Abuse: • Stats: Substance use: regular cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and illicit drug use. • Breakdown: by grade and by reported ethnicity • Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) • Behaviors: Sexual Intercourse • Breakdown: 12th grade; 9th grade • Source: National Crime Victimization Survey • Behaviors: Reported crimes involving juvenile offenders • Breakdown: Ages 12-17 Home is at:

  28. Blended courses • Mashups in a Blended Program? • step one: discuss research problems in class • step two: group and individual work outside class • step three: report results and discuss in class • Step four: post to discussion forum and make a lasting display Home is at:

  29. 100% Online Courses • Mashups in 100% online • a. require students to pull together data from different sources as a part of a research project • b. encourage sharing of the mashups and/or the process in the discussion forum area • c. include tutorials and links to popular mashup spaces and mashup techniques and uses Home is at:

  30. Mobile Learning • Mashups and Mobile Learning • a. mashup-type experiences can be had using yahoo Go Y! Go (has taggable Flickr, Yahoo Maps, News, etc.) • b. use IM services to communicate / share results • c. iTunes with iTouch, iPhone, iPod mashed with IM to share & post Home is at:

  31. Videos • • • Podcast for this Powerpoint

  32. Useful Articles • List of useful references to be provided. Podcast for this Powerpoint