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Ancient Middle East Chap. 2 (Sec. 1,3,& 4) I. Fertile Crescent land bt. Tigris & Euphrates Rivers “ Twin Rivers ” Armenian Plateau A. Cross-Roads of the World ** 3 continents meet Asia Africa Europe. B. Mesopotamia * land bt. the rivers ( Greek)
Chap. 2 (Sec. 1,3,& 4)
I. Fertile Crescent
land bt.Tigris & Euphrates Rivers “Twin Rivers”
A. Cross-Roads of the World
** 3 continents meet
*land bt. the rivers (Greek)
Birth of Civilization 5000 BC
C. Middle East Battleground
Royal Tombs of Ur
Sir Leonard Wooley1927
wealth & human sacrifice
population ranged 20,000 - 250,000
*constant war over land & water
royalty & priests
farmers 90% of people,
Theocracy *gov. run by priests
Kings gods rep.s on earth
use of wedge shaped objects
write on clay tablets
Sumerians invented writing 3100 BC
Stylus*stick used to write
Take and read out from the lapis lazuli tablethow Gilgamesh went through every hardship. Supreme over other kings, lordly in appearance,he is the hero, born of Uruk, the goring wild bull. He walks our in front, the leader,and walks at the rear, trusted by his companions.Mighty net, protector of his people,raging flood-wave who destroys even walls of stone!From the Epic of Gilgamesh, Book I
King of Battles “34-0”
founded 1st empire in history
Persian Gulf to Med. Sea
Lord of 4 Quarters of World
Akkad northern city state
ancient lower Tigris- Euphrates Valley
A. Babylon“Gate of God”
largest city-state in ancient world 200,000 people
If one is committing a robbery and is caught, then he shall be put to death.
If any one bring accusation against a man, and the accused go to river and leap
Into the river, If he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house.
But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, he who had brought
Accusation shall be put to death.
If a free man has destroyed the eye of a member of the aristocracy, they shall
destroy his eye.
A wife who was a gadabout, neglecting her house humiliating her husand,
could be drowned.
If a son has struck his father, he shall cut off his hand.
leader of Chaldeans
*worlds 1st military power 1200 BC
A. Cyrus the Great King of Persia
*set up Persian Empire
Ruins of Persepolis, capital of the ancient Persian empire (today within the country of Iran)
1677 miles long 111 relay stations 15 miles apart
A. Carriers of Civilization *greatest traders ancient world
modern Lebanon, Syria, & Israel
A. King Croesus 560 BC
1st to use coins
face appeared on coins
“As rich as Croesus.”
B. Money Economy
**Religious beliefs affect Western Civ.
A. Valley of Palestine 2000 BC
Abraham - founder of Hebrews
Solomon set up kingdom
King Solomon’s Temple*symbolic center of Hebrews
*housed Ark of the Covenant