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determining the molar heat of combustion for paraffin

Determining the Molar Heat of Combustion for Paraffin

Background: similar to specific heat capacity, Molar Heat is the amount of energy required to raise one mole of the substance 1°C. Water can be used to trap the energy released in the form of heat from the candle wax. Molar heat: J/mol°C

data to collect
Data to collect:
  • Volume of water _____
  • Initial mass of candle _________ Final mass of candle _________ Mass burned _________
  • Initial temperature of water _________ Final temperature of water ________ ΔT __________
  • Class averages:
  • Mass of water used _______

Mass of candle wax burned __________ Change in temperature (ΔT) ________

calculations and questions
Calculations and Questions:
  • What mass of water was used in this lab (note: the density of water is 1 g/mL)?
  • Using individual and class averages, calculate the heat absorbed by the water (assume c = 4.18 J/g°C).
  • Assume that the heat absorbed by the water is equal to the heat given off by the candle. Calculate the amount of heat released per gram of wax (i.e. the specific heat of combustion).
  • Paraffin wax has the formula C25H52. Calculate the amount of heat released per mole of wax (i.e. calculate the molar heat of combustion for paraffin).
  • Write the thermochemical equation that represents the combustion of paraffin wax.
  • In question three, 4.18 J/g°C was used as the specific heat capacity of the calorimeter. Suggest a reason why this is not entirely accurate. What other sources of error are there in this lab?
accepted molar enthalpy heat of combustion for paraffin
Accepted Molar Enthalpy (Heat) of Combustion for Paraffin
  • 41.5-42.0 KJ/g = 14,600-14,800 KJ/mol
  • 12-15 MJ/mol = 10/10
  • 10-11.9 MJ/mol = 9/10
  • 8-9.9 MJ/mol = 9/10
  • Below 8 MJ/mol = 7/10