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How to Make Lesson Plan

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  1. How to Make Lesson Plan

  2. What is a lesson plan? Think…

  3. What is a lesson plan • A teacher’s detailed description of the courseof instruction for an individual lesson. • -- Wikipedia Dictionaries • A lesson plan is a written guide for trainers plans in order to achieve the intended learning outcomes. It provides specific definition and direction on learning objectives, equipment, instructional media material requirements, and conduct of the training. • -- Education Dictionaries

  4. What is the purpose of a lesson plan? Think…

  5. Communicateto… You

  6. What to consider when writing a lesson plan? Think…

  7. What to consider when writing a lesson plan Modified from sources: What to Consider When Writing a Lesson Plan

  8. What to consider when designing a lesson plan? Know your students Know the content Know the materials • Ability & interest levels • Backgrounds • Attention spans • Ability to work together in groups • Prior knowledge and learning experiences • Special needs or accommodations • Learning preferences

  9. What to consider when designing a lesson plan? Know your students Know the content Know the materials • Subject matter that you will be teaching • State/school district curriculum guides • National/state curriculum standards

  10. What to consider when designing a lesson plan? Know your students Know the content Know the materials • Technology • Software • Audio/visuals • Teacher mentors • Community resources • Equipment • Library resources • Local guest speakers

  11. Key components of a lesson plan

  12. Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment • Basic information about the lesson • Name of lesson • Contributor • Subject • Grade level • Instructional settings: Small Group, Whole class • General Description of lesson • Standards

  13. Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment • Determine what you want students to learn and be able to do • Focus on the concept or skill which you intend to teach • E.g. Organize, design and prototype content-rich Web sites that are easy to navigate and search

  14. Profile -> Objectives -> Materials/Equipment -> Procedure -> Assessment The types of instructional materials Think…

  15. Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment • Materials • Power Point presentations (visual aids) • Text Books • Journal Articles • Multimedia materials: Instructional video or audio • Job-aid • Rubric • Checklist Modified from sources: Designing Instructional Materials

  16. Profile -> Objectives -> Materials/Equipment -> Procedure -> Assessment The equipment available for the instructor Think…

  17. Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment • Commonly used instructional equipments • Software applications • PowerPoint • Media Player • Computer equipment • Computer • Internet connection • Video equipment • Projector Modified from sources: Designing Instructional Materials

  18. Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment • Outlining the STEPS of the teaching process • Useful Instructional Strategies • Using the Appropriate Technique in Your Lesson Plan

  19. Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment • Assess the outcome and to what extent the objectives were achieved • Ensure the assessment activity is directly and explicitly tied to the stated objectives. • Take time to reflect upon the result, and revise the lesson plan accordingly

  20. Profile -> Objectives -> Materials/Equipment -> Procedure -> Closure -> Assessment The assessment activities available for the instructor Think…

  21. Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ Equipments Procedure Assessment • Some commonly used assessment activities: • quizzes • tests • independently performed worksheets • cooperative learning activities • hands-on experiments • oral discussion • question-and-answer sessions

  22. AND… Take time to reflect upon the result, and revise the lesson plan accordingly!

  23. Three Lesson Plan Models Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan Model The 5E’s Model Check handouts for detailed information

  24. Gain attention Inform learners of objectives Stimulate recall of prior learning Present the stimulus Provide “learning guidance Elicit performance (practice) Provide feedback Assess performance Enhance retention and transfer Three Lesson Plan Models Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan Model The 5E’s Model

  25. Step 1. Review • Step 2. Anticipatory Set • Step 3. Objective • Step 4. Input and modeling • Step 5. Checking understanding • Step 6. Guided practice • Step 7. Independent practice Three Lesson Plan Models Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan Model The 5E’s Model

  26. Engage • Explore • Explain • Elaborate • Evaluate Three Lesson Plan Models Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan Model The 5E’s Model

  27. Activity • In teams of 2, read through the given exemplary lesson plan, then • Review the key components of a lesson plan • Collaboratively design a lesson plan by using the lesson plan template • Try to incorporate the strategies, techniques and lesson plan models introduced before in your lesson plan • Useful Instructional Strategies • Using the Appropriate Technique in Your Lesson Plan • Evaluate and revise your lesson by using the lesson plan checklist • Time: 30 minutes

  28. Activity • Share your lesson plan with the class • Critique other groups’ lesson plans, and discuss how to fix the existing problems: • learning objectives are clearly defined • Instructional materials, equipment, techniques and strategies are appropriately selected • Procedure is clearly stated • assessment activities are directly and explicitly tied to the stated objectives • …

  29. Reference • Omrod, J.E. (2008) Human Learning (5th edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. • Madeline Hunter. (Year). Components of a Lesson Plan. Retrieved June 5, 2010 from: http://www.uofaweb.ualberta.ca/fieldexperiences//pdfs/lessonplandirect.pdf • Lewis, Beth (2010). Top 8 Components of a Well-Written Lesson Plan. Retrieved June 5, 2010 from: http://k6educators.about.com/od/lessonplanheadquarters/tp/8_steps_lp.htm • CLRN. (2002). Lesson Plan Builder Worksheet. Retrieved June 5, 2010 from: http://www.lessonplanbuilder.org/lessons/help.cfm • BCIT. (2003). Preparing Lesson Plan. BCIT Learning and Teaching Centre. Retrieved July 9, 2010 from: http://www.bcit.ca/files/idc/pdf/htlessonplans.pdf • Gagne, R.M., Wager, W. W., Golas, K. C., & Kelle, J. M. (2005). Principle of Instructional Design (5th Edition). Belmont, CA: Thomson Learning, Inc. • Teachnology (2010) What to Consider When Writing a Lesson Plan. Retrieved July 5, 2010 from: http://www.teach-nology.com/tutorials/teaching/lesson_plan/