Download
5 1 exo thermic and endo thermic reactions n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
5.1 Exo thermic and endo thermic reactions PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
5.1 Exo thermic and endo thermic reactions

5.1 Exo thermic and endo thermic reactions

146 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

5.1 Exo thermic and endo thermic reactions

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. 12 June 2014 5.1 Exothermic and endothermic reactions What do the words endo and exo mean before a word? Exoskeletons Endoskeletons

  2. 12 June 2014 5.1 Exothermic and endothermic reactions • Energy is involved in chemical reactions. • Energy changes in a chemical reaction can be measured. The space shuttle main engines burn hydrogen and oxygen in an exothermic reaction at 3400°C. The three engines produce the equivalent of 37 million horsepower!

  3. magnesium Hydrochloric acid Exothermic reactions • Exothermic reactions give out heat to the surroundings e.g. burning, respiration How can you tell a reaction is exothermic? 45o C 25o C Gets hot Heat energy given out

  4. Endothermic Reactions Heat energy taken in as the mixture returns back to room temp. Ammonium nitrate Water Endothermic reactions cause a decrease in temperature. Cools Starts 25°C Cools to 5°C Returns to 25°C

  5. Measuring energy changes Method • Measure 25 cm3 of copper sulfate solution (HARMFUL) into the coffee cup. • Measure the temperature every 30 seconds for two minutes. • Add 1 g of zinc powder (FLAMMABLE) to the cup and quickly put on the lid and stir constantly. • Take the temperature every 20 seconds for three more minutes. Results Draw a results table to show the temperature changes over 5 minutes.

  6. Questions • Plot your results as a graph. What do you notice about the temperature during the reaction? • Is this reaction exothermic or endothermic? How do you know? • How could you improve this experiment? Think about where heat may be lost.

  7. 12 June 2014 5.1 Exothermic and endothermic reactions Most students should be able to: • State a definition for exothermic and endothermic reactions. • List one example of an exothermic and endothermic reaction. • Recognise an endothermic or exothermic reaction when data is given. • Describe how a reaction can be monitored for its energy changes. Some students should also be able to: • Explain the difference between exothermic and endothermic reactions. Quiz next

  8. Exothermic or endothermic? Hold up your card with ‘Exothermic’ or ‘Endothermic’ written on it to vote!

  9. Thermal decomposition of marble? Endothermic

  10. Combustion of methane? Exothermic

  11. Photosynthesis? Endothermic

  12. Neutralisation of an acid and an alkali? Exothermic

  13. Rusting of iron? Exothermic

  14. Thermal decomposition of copper carbonate? Endothermic

  15. Respiration? Exothermic The End!