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Basic Incident Command. What is ICS?. The model tool to coordinate the efforts of individual agencies Command Control Coordination. History. ICS was developed in the 1970s in response to major wildfires in southern California to address several identified recurring problems.

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what is ics
What is ICS?
  • The model tool to coordinate the efforts of individual agencies
    • Command
    • Control
    • Coordination
history
History

ICS was developed in the 1970s in response to major wildfires in southern California to address several identified recurring problems

  • Nonstandard terminology among responding agencies.
  • Lack of capability to expand and contract
  • Nonstandard and nonintegrated communications.
  • Lack of consolidated action plans.
  • Lack of designated facilities.
what will be covered
What Will be Covered

An Overview of the Incident Command Concept

  • Concepts and Principles
  • Organization
  • Resource Planning
  • Facilities
  • Resource Management
  • How ARES fits into the ICS concept
concepts and principles
Common Terminology

Modular Organization

Integrated Communications

Unity of Command

Unified Command Structure

Consolidated Incident Action Plans

Manageable Span of Control

Designated Incident Facilities

Comprehensive Resource Management

Concepts and Principles
concepts and principles6
Concepts and Principles
  • Common Terminology
    • Use common names for personnel and equipment resources
    • Radio transmissions in plain English (no 10 codes or agency specific codes/language)
    • Applies to all organizational elements, position titles, and resources
concepts and principles7
Concepts and Principles
  • Modular Organization
    • Develops “top down”
    • Can expand or contract based on current needs
    • ICS can consist of several layers
concepts and principles8
Concepts and Principles
  • Integrated Communications
    • Common communications plan
    • Standard operating procedures
    • Clear text
    • Common terminology
    • Common frequencies
concepts and principles9
Concepts and Principles
  • Unity of command
    • Each person within an organization reports to only one designated person
concepts and principles10
Concepts and Principles
  • Unified Command
    • All agencies contribute to the command process by
      • Determining overall objectives
      • Planning jointly while conducting integrated operations
      • Maximizing use of all assigned resources
concepts and principles11
Incident Action Plan

Incident functions under a single, coordinated IAP

One Operations Section Chief has responsibility for implementing

One Incident Command Post is established

Consolidated IAP when

Resources from multiple agencies

Multiple jurisdictions

Incident is complex

Prepared for an operational period (12 hrs common)

Concepts and Principles
concepts and principles12
Concepts and Principles
  • Manageable Span of Control
    • Defined as the number of individuals one supervisor can manage effectively
    • ICS range is 3-7 resources, 5 optimum
concepts and principles13
Concepts and Principles
  • Designated Incident Facilities
    • Incident Command Post (ICP)
    • Staging areas
      • For resources awaiting assignment
    • Others may be designated depending on geographical extent or resources needed
concepts and principles14
Concepts and Principles
  • Comprehensive Resource Management
    • Maximizes resource use
    • Consolidates control of single resources
    • Reduces communications load
    • Provides accountability
    • Reduces freelancing
    • Ensures personnel safety
concepts and principles15
Concepts and Principles
  • Comprehensive Resource Management
    • All resources assigned a status condition
      • ASSIGNED – performing active functions
      • AVAILABLE – ready for assignment
      • OUT-OF-SERVICE – not ready for assigned or available status
ics organization
ICS Organization
  • Command
  • Planning
  • Operations
  • Logistics
  • Finance/Administration
ics organization17
ICS Organization

COMMAND

  • All incidents, regardless of size or complexity, will have an Incident Commander
  • Responsible for on-scene management until command is transferred
  • May expand or contract ICS organization depending on priorities of
    • LIFE SAFETY
    • INCIDENT STABILITY
    • PROPERTY CONSERVATION
ics organization18
ICS Organization

PLANNING

  • Planning Section responsibilities
    • Collection, evaluation, dissemination, and use of info about the development of the incident and status of resources
    • Creation of the IAP
ics organization19
ICS Organization

OPERATIONS

  • Operations Section responsibilities
    • Carrying out response activities in IAP
    • Directing and coordinating all operations
    • Ensuring safety of OS personnel
    • Assisting IC in developing response goals and objectives
    • Requesting or releasing resources through IC
    • Updating IC and status of incident and resources
ics organization20
ICS Organization

LOGISTICS

  • Logistics Section responsibilities
    • Providing facilities, services, materials, and essential personnel
    • Functions are designed to support incident responders
ics organization21
ICS Organization

FINANCE / ADMINISTRATION

  • Finance/Administration Section responsibilities
    • Tracking incident costs
    • Reimbursement accounting
ics organizational structure
ICS Organizational Structure

Incident Commander

Section

Division

Branch

Group

Strike Team

Unit

Single Resource

TaskForce

ics organizational structure23
ICS Organizational Structure

How Does the ICS Relate to the Emergency Operations Center?

  • IC has overall command of the incident
  • EOC manages the community-wide resources and response
    • Requesting mutual aid
    • Managing wide scale evacuation
    • Coordinating social services
    • Resolving policy issues
ics resource planning
ICS Resource Planning
  • Every incident is unique
  • ICS allows expansion/contraction to fit needs
  • Planning begins with initial “size-up” of situation
    • What is nature of incident?
    • Any hazards?
    • How large an area?
    • Can it be isolated?
    • Where can staging area be located?
    • Where are safe entrance/exit routes?
ics resource planning25

Incident Command

Perimeter

Investigation

Control Group

Group

K-9 Drug

Interrogation

Strike Team

Strike Team

ICS Resource Planning

Expansion for resources is flexible. For example, initial response to an incident may be two police patrol cars. On sizing up the incident, the IC may designate the following structure:

ics incident facilities
ICS Incident Facilities
  • The Incident Command Post (ICP)
    • Identified with green & white flag or lights or other markings
  • One or more Staging Areas
    • Location for resources awaiting immediate assignment, away from ICP
  • A Base
    • Offer primary services and support activities
    • Location of uncommitted or out-of-service resources
ics resource management
ICS Resource Management
  • Accomplish all tasks
  • Resource safety
  • Cost-effective operation
ics resource management28
ICS Resource Management
  • Resources described by KIND and TYPE
    • KIND – resource by function (fire truck, helicopter
    • TYPE – resource by performance capability, usually described by a number (Type 1 helicopter)
ics resource management29
ICS Resource Management

Resource Categories

  • Single Resources
    • are individual pieces of equipment or a crew of individuals (with an identified work supervisor) that can be used in an operational application at an incident.
  • Task Force
    • any combination and number of single resources (within span-of-control limits)
    • Must have own leader
    • Own transportation
    • Communication between leader and next-level supervisor
ics resource management30
ICS Resource Management

Resource Categories

  • Strike Teams
    • Resources of the same kind and type
    • Must have leader
    • Communications among the single resources that make up the team
    • Typically used in major incidents
ares and ics
ARES and ICS

Where do we fit?

We fit nowhere in the organization until asked.

There is no position within the ICS for "walk-on" operators!

slide33
ARCT
  • Amateur Radio Communication Team
    • Adopted as standard four character ICS mnemonic
      • from EMCOMMWEST 2002 Convention
for example a type 1 arct
For example, a “Type 1 ARCT”
  • Total of 12 operators
    • 2 supervisors (one day shift/one night shift)
    • Remaining 10 operators might be split into 5 day/5 night, or 7 day/3 night at discretion of team leader
ares and ics35
ARES and ICS
  • ICS does not alter the way we perform our functions. Existing Amateur Radio methods and procedures remain unchanged.
  • ICS does provide an organization and reporting structure, with a clearly defined chain of command and span of control.
ics resources
ICS Resources
  • http://www.w0ipl.com/ECom/EComBas.htm
    • Emergency Communications Basics written by Pat Lambert, W0IPL, includes a very good discussion of ICS and how ARES/RACES fits in
  • http://www.emcomm.org/ARCT/page1.htm
    • Guide for EMCOMM support for ICS personnel

NIMS