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Women ’ s Suffrage PowerPoint Presentation
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Women ’ s Suffrage

Women ’ s Suffrage

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Women ’ s Suffrage

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  1. Women’s Suffrage • A Brief History

  2. Suff-what? • Suffrage - The right to vote • Franchise - The right to vote. The rights of citizenship • Vote - A formal indication of a choice between two or more candidates or courses of action, expressed typically through a ballot or a show of hands or by voice.

  3. At the Beginning... • Women were the “weaker vessel” - morally, mentally and physically inferior to men. • Women were subject to the authority of men - first their fathers’ then their husbands’. • With marriage a women was under the legal identity of her husband. • Women could not own or control property • Women could not be the guardian of their children • Women could not sue or be sued in court • Any wages a women earned were legally her husbands

  4. Women Speak Out • Women begin speak out and fight against slavery (Abolitionists). • By 1848, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott organized the first women’s right convention in Seneca Falls, New York.

  5. Seneca Falls • Over 300 men and women attended the convention. • Women’s rights advocates at Seneca Falls argued that political power came from the consent of the governed and thus women should be given the right to vote. • The Declaration of Sentiments (1848) was drafted at Seneca Falls and was modeled after the Declaration of Independence. • “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.”

  6. Progressive Era • By the end of the 19th century more women were looking beyond their home and into the public sphere. • By 1900 there were over 500 women’s clubs with over 160,000 members. • Many of these organizations focused on supporting libraries, hospitals, schools, settlement houses, compulsory education and child labor laws.

  7. National American Woman Suffrage Association • National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) led by Carrie Chapman Catt. • Catt devised a “winning plan” which called for action on two fronts. • Some groups lobbied Congress to pass a Constitutional Amendment. • While other groups utilized the new referendum process to try and pass state suffrage laws.

  8. National Woman’s Party • National Woman’s Party (NWP) was created by Alice Paul • NWP believed that NAWSA was moving too slowly • NWP took a more militant approach to campaigning for women’s suffrage. • The NWP picketed outside of the White House. • Women were arrested and sent to jail as a result of the protests. • While in jail some women (like Alice Paul) went on hunger strikes until they were able to vote or be released from jail.

  9. National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage • National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage (NAOWS) was formed in New York City in 1911 • NAOWS felt that women’s suffrage would decrease women’s work within their communities and societal reforms. • NAOWS operated in Washington D.C. until it was disbanded after the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920.

  10. National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage

  11. Nineteenth Amendment • The efforts of both NAWSA and the NWP convinced a legislators to support a women’s suffrage amendment. • June 1919, Congress approved the 19th Amendment which stated: • “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.”

  12. Sources • • • • • • • • • • • • •