Orientation on Gender and Development (GAD) Basic Guidelines and Mandates for the Education Sector Prepared by Marita Castillo Pimentel, National GAD Resource Pool Philippine Commission on Women
Framework and Flow • GAD MANDATES NATIONAL AND INTL PERSONAL • Gender in education • GENDER SENSITIVITY • Gender and Development GUIDELINES AND ISSUEANCES SECTORAL
Learning goals • Understand national and international mandates on Gender and Development (GAD) • Recognize the significance of GAD to the goals of Philippine education
Rationale for GAD • At least 5% GAD Budget, • COA AOM • Compliance • International : • CEDAW, • MDGs, • National : • PH Constitution • Magna Carta of Women • Philippine Development Plan • PPGD • Commitment • Gender equality • quality, equitable, culture-based, and complete basic education • Inclusive Growth, • Good Governance • National Development • Obligation
What is GAD Theoretically PH Operational The PH GAD program is being implemented through the GAD Plan and Budget of all government agencies GAD Budget of at least 5% • An approach to or paradigm of development focusing on • social, economic, political and cultural forces • how differently women and men participate in, benefit from, and control resources and activities.
Gender Equality in Education: the Role of Schools (2007) What emerged • Schools in most cases reinforce the existing gender ideology, stereotypes, norms and expectations everywhere • schools have the potential of playing a transformative role in changing the prevalent notions and unequal relations, it does not necessarily happen on its own, and requires specific and targeted interventions in most cases.
Gender issues in PH education Strategic gender issues to be addressed • Boys are underperforming in key education indicators compared to girls • Indigenous people (IP) also fall behind in enrolment data and experience discrimination • Higher education degrees manifest marked gender-segregation • Gender biases and stereotypes remain, and are still embedded in the curricula, instructional methods, materials and learning media • Women and girls continue to be vulnerable to sexual harassment and violence inside schools because of the lack of safe and gender responsive teaching-learning environment
PCW MC 2011-01 PCW-NEDA-DBM JMC 2012-01 COA CIRCULAR 2014 DEPED ORDER 27, 2013
HEAD OF AGENCY (Chair) and EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE Mechanism: GFPS Regional/ Bureaus/ Attached agencies GAD Focal Point System GFPS Technical Working Group GFPS Secretariat Division/ Schools GAD Coordinator
PHILIPPINE DEVELOPMENT PLAN • MFO/OO • OPIF • PIB
Essentials in GAD Plan and Budget • Creation and/or Strengthening of the GAD Focal Point System • Capability Building on Gender and Development • Conduct of Gender Audit • Institutionalizing GAD Database/Sex-disaggregated Data
GAD PLANNING AND BUDGETING PLANNING BUDGET AT LEAST 5% OF GAA Within annual budget cycle • GAD in the Annual Work and Financial Plan, Procurement Plan, School Improvement Plan, Regional Education Development Plan
Parts of the GAD PLAN AND BUDGET (GPB) TEMPLATE Columns 1,2,3 and 5 Comprise the GAD agenda Columns 1-6 PLAN Columns 4 and 6 Must be in aligned with your WORKPLANS Columns 7-8 BUDGET Columns 7-8 must be reflected in your ANNUAL PROCUREMENT PLAN
What are the essential CONTENT of the GPB CLIENT FOCUSED CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM GFPS ACTIVITIES SEX DISAGGREGATED DATA AND GAD INFORMATION MANAGEMENT GENDER MAINSTREAMING ORGANIZATION FOCUSED GAD MANDATES
What Can Be Charged to GAD Budget? • Those approved PPAs included in the PCW-endorsed and DBM approved GAD Plan • Capacity Development on GAD • Activities related to the establishment of enabling mechanisms for GAD, e.g. GAD Focal Point System, VAW/Women’s Desks • Salary of agency personnel assigned to plan, implement and monitor GAD PPAs on a full time basis, following rules and regulations in hiring and creating positions. This provision does not apply to those who were given extra assignment on GAD and are already regular employees. Overtime work rendered in doing GAD PPAs may be compensated through compensatory time off, following government rules and regulations
What Can Be Charged to GAD Budget? • PPAs that address women’s practical and strategic needs, provided these have been previously approved by the Central Office and the PCW and are reflected in the GAD plan and budget • Agency programs to address women’s practical and strategic needs (e.g. daycare center, breastfeeding rooms, crisis or counseling rooms for abused women, halfway houses for trafficked women and children, gender-responsive family planning program among others); • Consultations conducted by agencies to gather inputs for and/or to disseminate the GAD plan and budget; • Payment of professional fees, honoraria and other services for gender experts or gender specialists engaged by agencies for GAD-related trainings and activities; and • IEC activities (development, printing and dissemination) that support the GAD PAPs and objectives of the agency.
What Can Be Charged to GAD Budget? • Consultation workshops to gather inputs for GAD plan and other GAD mechanisms and processes • Honoraria and professional fees of external GAD experts for programs • Development, printing and dissemination of information and education campaign materials • Women’s Month activities which are clearly aligned to the yearly theme determined by PCW and GAD Board.
What Cannot be Charged to GAD? • PPAs not in the GAD Plan and not endorsed by PCW and approved by DBM • Personal services and honoraria of GAD Focal Point and other employees assigned to do GAD work • Car-pooling, gas masks for traffic/ environment enforcers, among others; • The following expenses may NOT be charged to the GAD budget UNLESS they are justified as clearly addressing a specific gender issue: • 6.1 Physical, mental and health fitness including purchase of equipment and information dissemination materials; • 6.2 Social, rest and recreation activities; • 6.3 Religious activities and implementation of cultural projects; and • 6.4 Construction expenses • Purchase of supplies, materials, equipment and vehicles for the general use of the agency.
Gender Mainstreaming • GAD in student policies admission, retention, completion • GAD in human resource policies • Teachers • Staff • Administrators • POLICIES • GAD in Deped MFO- Basic Educ Policies • GAD in KRAs and PI • GAD in the classroom • PROGRAMS, • PROJECTS, • ACTIVITIES • PEOPLE • GFPS • GAD in representations and participation • GAD in the different stakeholders • Parents • LGUs • Sponsors • Etc. • ENABLING MECHANISM • GAD Focal Point System • GAD Capacity Development and Capability Building
CONSERVATIVE/ FORMAL EQUALITY PROGRESSIVE/ SUBSTANTIVE EQUALITY
Mirror Me • Everyone is a reflection of values • Anyone can be catalyst of actions • All are bearers of gendered messsages
Truth will set you free, but first it will pissed you off. Gloria Steinem