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DECENT WORK. Select Committee on Labour & Public Enterprise 29 th May 2013. Introduction. What is the Decent Work Agenda? The South African Decent Work Country Programme SA DWCP Governance & Implementation 4. DoL involvement in Cooperatives. 1. What is the Decent Work Agenda?.

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Decent work


Select Committee on Labour & Public Enterprise

29th May 2013


  • What is the Decent Work Agenda?

  • The South African Decent Work Country Programme

  • SA DWCP Governance & Implementation

    4. DoL involvement in Cooperatives

1 what is the decent work agenda
1. What is the Decent Work Agenda?

  • Since 1999, promotion of decent work as been a main objective of the International Labour Organisation (ILO)

  • Primary goal of ILO Decent Work Agenda: “to promote opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity.”

  • Concept of decent work based on understanding that work not only a source of income, but a source of dignity, family stability, economic growth, etc.

Decent work agenda cont
Decent Work Agenda cont.

Strategic pillars of decent work:

  • Promotion of fundamental principles and rights at work;

  • Promotion of employment and income opportunities;

  • Expansion and improvement of social protection cover;

  • Promotion of social dialogue and tripartism.

Decent work agenda in south africa
Decent Work Agenda in South Africa

  • ANC 2009 Election Manifesto: “creation of decent work and sustainable livelihoods”

  • Inaugural State of the Nation Address by President Zuma in June 2009: “The creation of decent work will be at the centre of our economic policies and will influence our investment attraction and job creation initiatives.”

  • New Growth Path

  • Labour law amendments

2 decent work country programme
2. Decent Work Country Programme

  • ILO Decent Work Agenda implemented through Decent Work Country Programmes (DWCP).

  • DWCP - main vehicle for delivery of ILO support to member states

  • DWCP’s promote decent work as a key component of national development strategies.

  • DWCP – programming tool to deliver on limited priorities over a defined period.

Sa dwcp 2010 to 2014
SA DWCP, 2010 to 2014

  • Consultative workshop in 2008, followed by country situation analysis

  • DWCP launched in September 2010

  • Aims to complement efforts by government to address its objectives and for all stakeholders to achieve decent work imperatives

  • Housed in NEDLAC, coordinated in government by DOL, supported by ILO Pretoria office

  • Managed through DWCP Steering Committee

  • DWCP matrix – 4 Priorities; 8 Outcomes.

Sa dwcp overview of priorities outcomes
SA DWCP: Overview of Priorities & Outcomes

PRIORITY 1: Strengthening Fundamental Principles and Rights at work

Outcome 1: Up-to-date International Labour Standards are ratified, complied with and reported on.

Outcome 2: Labour administration apply up-to-date labour legislation and provide effective services.

PRIORITY 2: Employment Promotion

Outcome 3: More women and men, especially youth and persons with disabilities, have access to productive and decent employment through inclusive job rich growth.

Outcome 4: Sustainable and competitive enterprises (incl. cooperatives) create productive and decent jobs especially among women, youth and persons with disabilities.

Outcome 5: Skills development increases the employability of workers and the inclusiveness of growth

Sa dwcp overview of priorities outcomes1
SA DWCP: Overview of Priorities & Outcomes

PRIORITY 3: Strengthening and broadening social protection

Outcome 6: Skills development increases the employability of workers and the inclusiveness of growth

Outcome 7: Workers and enterprises benefit from improved safety and healthy conditions at work.

Outcome 8: The World of Work responds effectively to the HIV and AIDS epidemic

PRIORITY 4: Strengthening tripartism and social dialogue

Outcome 9: Strengthened labour market institutions and capacitated social partners (tripartite-plus) contribute to effective social dialogue and sound industrial relations

3 sa dwcp governance implementation
3. SA DWCP Governance & Implementation

3.1. Governance

  • The SA DWCP Steering Committee held its first meeting in Dec. 2010.

  • The Steering Committee is fully functioning and meets regularly through NEDLAC.

  • Purpose:

    • oversee formulation and planning of projects & activities within framework of DWCP;

    • approve projects before implementation;

    • monitor and review implementation of DWCP

  • DWCP Steering Committee reports through Labour Market Chamber to NEDLAC Management Committee

Dwcp governance implementation
DWCP Governance & Implementation

3.2. Implementation

  • Detailed Implementation reports presented by ILO to each Steering Committee

  • Implementation reports follow Outcomes and Outputs and update the Work Programme

  • Report covers activities of ILO (Geneva & Pretoria) with all social partners

Dwcp implementation for dol
DWCP Implementation for DOL Dialogue

  • Support for Labour administration and inspection services in DOL

  • Support for training of inspectors

  • Support for Labour Inspection Policy Conference

  • Technical assistance for review of Code of Good Practice on HIV/AIDS (requested)

  • Support for Collective Bargaining workshop in April 2011 to strengthen capacity of bargaining and statutory councils (requested)

  • ILO technical assistance in area of social security and retirement reform

Decent work country profile dwcp
Decent Work Country Profile (DWCP) Dialogue

  • Background

  • ILO Governing Body endorsed a project to test a framework of indicators in a number of countries

  • MAP Project (Monitoring and assessing progress on decent work)

  • MAP project launched as tripartite project in: Bangladesh, Brazil, Cambodia, Indonesia, Peru, Philippines, Ukraine & Zambia. To end in 2013.

  • MAP facilitates identification of indicators, supports data collection and uses data for integrated policy analysis of decent work.

Dwcp cont
DWCP cont. Dialogue

2. Thematic areas in Profile (linked to pillars of decent work):

  • employment opportunities

  • adequate earnings and productive work

  • decent hours

  • combining work, family and personal life

  • work that should be abolished

  • stability and security of work

  • equal opportunity and treatment

  • safe work environment

  • social security

  • promotion of social dialogue and representation of workers and employers

Decent work

DOL involvement Dialoguein Cooperatives Support


Dol involvement in cooperatives support
DOL Involvement in cooperatives support Dialogue

  • DOL support to Cooperatives until 2009 were through:

    - Umsobomvu Youth Fund that has since been transferred to the Presidency

  • The Skills Development Sector Education and Training Authorities and the National Skills Fund that were transferred to the DHET.

  • Involvement in DTI policy review initiatives

  • DOL Research on Cooperatives

  • Provision of Employment Services Information to work seekers in Labour Centres

Involvement in dti policy initiatives
Involvement in DTI policy initiatives Dialogue

  • The Department was involved in discussions that culminated in the Amendment to the current cooperatives Act,

  • The Cooperatives Amendment Bill has been through parliament and will soon become law

Decent work

DOL Research in Understanding Dialogue

the Worker Cooperative

Cooperatives are defined as Autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their economic, social and cultural needs through a jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise” ILO

The ILO views cooperatives as important in improving the living and working conditions of women and men globally as well as making essential infrastructure and services available even in areas neglected by the state and investor-driven enterprises.

Decent work

Understanding the Worker Cooperative Dialogue

Cooperatives have a proven record of creating and sustaining employment – they provide over 100 million jobs today; they advance the ILO’s Global Employment Agenda and contribute to promoting decent work.

In RSA case Cooperatives can contribute towards poverty reduction in general, creating employment, especially for young people, contribute to the country’s MDG commitments etc.

Decent work

Understanding the Worker Cooperative Advantage I Dialogue

Two centuries of experience

Movements and crises are crucial drivers

Worker ownership and control

Normative Arguments:

Worker Owner Based Work;

Economic Democracy


Understanding worker cooperative advantage ii
Understanding Worker Cooperative Advantage II Dialogue

Understanding the Worker Cooperative Advantage II

Decent work

Understanding the Worker Cooperative Advantage III Dialogue

The Economics of Worker Cooperatives

(I)Macro-economics: growth, structural transformation, labour market benefits, innovation

(II) Micro-economics: Labour costs are a fixed cost, builds internal capital pools, community transformation

Understanding the worker cooperative advantage iv
Understanding the Worker Cooperative Advantage IV Dialogue

Understanding the Worker Cooperative Advantage IV

Decent work

Understanding the Worker Cooperative Advantage V Dialogue

  • Constraints – internal and external linked to social relations (e.g. concentration of power)

  • Approach to understanding challenges

    • Understand cooperatives case by case,

    • conditions for regeneration (e.g. ongoing education),

    • conscious strategic action and commitment to democratic decision-making

  • Degeneration can be avoided through rigorous social scientific investigation as the basis of conscious problem solving

Research key recommendations on worker coop support strategy ii
Research Key Recommendations on Worker Coop Support Strategy II

Objectives (cont…):

Provide regulatory standards to prevent the abuse of the worker cooperative model and ensure descent worker owner work

Align Principles with DTI Strategy: ‘share responsibility’, etc

Strategic opportunities: International, national and in DOL

Main strategic pillars and support programs

Key recommendations for dol worker coop support strategy iii
Key Recommendations for DOL Worker Coop Support Strategy III II

Pillar 1: Information and Technical Support Provision

Support Program 1: Worker Cooperative Development Advice

Support Program 2: Worker Cooperative Turn Around, Expansion and Innovation

Support Program 3: Worker Cooperative Take Overs

Pillar 2: Legislative and regulatory support

Support Program 1: Administration, Registration and Inspection of Worker Cooperatives Act

Support Program 2: Education on Worker Cooperative Act Compliance

Key recommendations for dol worker coop support strategy iv
Key Recommendations for DOL Worker Coop Support Strategy IV II

Pillar 3: Harnessing Inter-governmental and Non-governmental support

Support Program 1: Intergovernmental Liaison and Technical Support Coordination

Support Program 2: Outreach and Strategic Partnerships

Key recommendations for dol worker coop support strategy v
Key Recommendations for DOL Worker Coop Support Strategy V II

Pillar 4: Worker Cooperative Working Capital Support

Support Program 1: Working Capital Fund

Pillar 5: Knowledge Production and Diffusion

Support Program 1: Research Support and Learning Platform

Employment counselling on cooperatives
Employment counselling on cooperatives II

  • Provide employment counselling on what Cooperatives entails

  • Provide information on types of products and services that a cooperative can entail,

  • Provide information to work seekers on where they can obtain additional information and assistance on cooperatives.

  • Provide work seekers with soft skills on how to prepare a business case.

Dol future interventions on cooperatives
DOL future interventions on cooperatives II

  • Improve our networks and partnerships with a series of funding and training organisations involved in cooperatives.

  • Find best ways of implementing DOL research outcomes on cooperatives.

  • Pilot cooperative concepts in some of the Employment Schemes.