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The Role of Criminologist - Dr. Kirkham Criminal Justice Consultant

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The Role of the Criminologist

A criminologist may be most interested in the way particular cultures and

subcultures define crime, how they produce criminals, and how they deal with



The Origins of Crime

A great deal of criminological research focuses on the origins or causes of various

forms of crime. Criminological research has helped our society to understand how

cultural and social factors influence criminal behavior. As a part of understanding

what motivates criminal behavior, criminologists also analyze the behaviors and

methods of known criminals.


Measure Crime Scene

Criminologists are also responsible for measuring the amount of crime locally,

nationally and sometimes on a global scale. In these situations, criminologists will

frequently work closely alongside law enforcement agencies in order to determine

a statistical number for crimes committed.


Preventing & Controlling


Using the data that they generate

through research, criminologists

can also work towards finding

reasonable and workable proposals

for the prevention and control of

crime in society.


Analyze Responsiveness of Law

Enforcement to Crime

Criminologists are also responsible for

analyzing the responsiveness of law

enforcement officials and study the criminal

behaviors. If officials do not persecute

criminals, the laws intended to deter them

will likely not succeed. Criminologists will

often analyze the legal institutions in

society that are set up in order to maintain

peace and order and reduce crime.


Analyzing the Rehabilitation of


Another important duty attributed to

criminologists is analyzing the

effectiveness of rehabilitation and

correctional programs for criminals.

Certain treatment programs are

designed to help criminals

understand the psychological and

social causes of their criminal



Analyzing The Criminal's Role in


One of the most interesting tasks for a criminologist is analyzing the criminal's role in

society. Not only do criminologists attempt to understand what role these deviant

individuals play in our society, they also analyze how society and the media respond to

criminals existing in our society such as the apparent discrepancy between how individuals

treat criminals who commit street crimes versus those who commit white-collar crimes.


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