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Session 2 February 10, 2014. Review Information Literacy. What is Information Literacy?. Information Literacy is a set of competencies that enable an individual: - to identify the information they require - understand how this information is arranged and organized

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session 2 february 10 2014
Session 2 February 10, 2014
  • Review
  • Information Literacy
what is information literacy
What is Information Literacy?
  • Information Literacy is a set of competencies that enable an individual:
    • -to identify the information they require
    • -understand how this information is arranged and organized
    • - determine the best sources of information for each topic of interest
    • -locate and critically evaluate these sources
    • - use that information responsibly
    • - It is the ability to perform sound and reliable research!!
    • - ^ statement excerpted for the American Library Association.
an information literate individual is able to
An information literate individual is able to:
  • -Determinethe extent of information needed
  • -Accessthe needed information effectively and efficiently
  • -Evaluateinformation and its sources critically
  • -Incorporateselected information into one’s knowledge base - KB
  • -Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
  • -Understand the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use information ethically and legally.

Statement excerpted from the American Library Association

http://tinyurl.com/6r7vqf2

types and formats of information primary sources
Types and Formats of Information Primary Sources
  • Primary sources are firsthand materials
  • They can be in the form of words, images, or artifacts created by an individual or group of individuals on a particular topic, or related to a particular event.
  • This includes original information before anyone has analyzed, criticized, commented, restructured, managed or repackaged it in any way.
  • This is direct, immediate, personal evidence of someone’s ideas or experience.
examples of primary sources
Examples of Primary Sources
  • ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS
  • Diaries, Journals, Memoirs, Autobiography Speeches, manuscripts,
  • letters, interviews, News film footage, Official Records
  • CREATIVE WORKS: Poetry, drama, novels, music, art,
  • ARTIFACTS: Pottery, Sculpture, Artwork, furniture, clothing, buildings
  • Events: Meetings, Conference presentations, proceedings of historical events
  • Examples of primary sources include:
    • -Birth Certificate
    • -Diary of Anne Frank
    • -U.S. constitution
    • -A painting by Picasso
    • -An audio tape of an oral history project
    • -A journal article reporting NEW research or findings
secondary sources
Secondary Sources

Secondary Sources Interpret, Comment, Criticize, Analyze, Summarize Primary Sources

They interpret primary information

-Are often written after an event or publication

-Written by individuals with no direct involvement

-Who may be specialists, experts

-Provide critical, historical, psychological.

Examples: scholarly books and text books, journals, magazines, literary or social criticism, analyses and interpretations

tertiary sources
Tertiary Sources
  • Tertiary sources compile, index, abstract, manipulate, aggregate, organize and make available other sources.
  • -abstracts,
  • -bibliographies,
  • -handbooks,
  • -encyclopedias,
  • -indexes,
  • -chronologies, etc.
  • Tertiary sources can contain references to primary or secondary sources.
formats of information
Formats of Information
  • -Print - books, magazines, journals, documents, manuscripts, correspondence
    • -Digital - Electronic resources available through a computer such as
      • -e-books, e-magazines, e-journals, web-based, e-mail, blogs

-Interpersonal– Conversations, interviews, phone calls

-Media – Audio visual materials, film, television, DVD, CD, tape recordings…

-Multimedia – Materials that use multiple formats such as a Powerpoint presentation with links and visuals, or an interactive game or web-site.

types of research
Types of Research
  • PopularPublished mostly for recreational and entertainment purposes, popular publications target a general audience
  • and contain informal discussions of topics, opinions, and news
  • Example: People Magazine or General Advice Books
news publications
News Publications
  • Like Popular publications News resources
    • -May be general or topic based
      • Intended for particular or general audience
    • -Usually contain current information
    • - Often written by several authors, editors, columnists, free-lance writers
sensational publications
Sensational Publications
  • -Related to popular and News publication types
        • Often in newspaper or magazine formats
  • - Often Provocative, Inflammatory
  • - Simple Writing
  • - Can be Flamboyant, Lurid, Loud,
  • - Feed on Morbid Curiosity, Gossip
scholarly publications
Scholarly Publications
  • -May be primary or secondary-Have been evaluated by scholarly peer and experts in a particular field of study.
  • -Intended for scholars, academics, or educated public
  • -Provide “in-depth” study, analysis, investigation, description, evaluation of the topic
  • -Disseminate research and challenge ideas
  • -Promote academic and professional discussion
  • Often have references and bibliographies
  • Also referred to as academic
  • 0r peer-reviewed publications.
  • Examples:
trade publications
Trade Publications
  • - Intended for members of a particular vocation
        • Business, Organization, or Industry
        • -Focus exclusively on articles, information, and advertisements related to that business, organization or Industry
        • Advertisements usually focus on topics related to the trade
library services and resourses w e will explore more in dept
Library Services and Resourses: we will explore more in-dept
  • Gill Library Web site - http://www.cnr.edu/home/library

Use Library systems and services such as:

    • interlibrary loan,
    • electronic reserves,
    • specialized subject guides,
    • request forms,
    • off-campus access,
    • virtual services,
    • citation managers,
    • workshops and tutorial options,
    • and other research assistance tools and advanced database tools.