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Aesthetic Enhancements Through the Community Workshop Process. Fifth Street over the Great Miami River Dayton, Ohio. Presentation By: Jeffrey L. Griffin, PE Burgess & Niple, Inc. Project Location. Site Description.

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fifth street over the great miami river dayton ohio

Aesthetic Enhancements Through the

Community Workshop Process

Fifth Street over the Great Miami RiverDayton, Ohio

Presentation By: Jeffrey L. Griffin, PE

Burgess & Niple, Inc.

site description
Site Description
  • Fifth Street Bridge connects downtown Dayton to the historic Wright Dunbar area, home of the Wright Brothers and poet Paul Laurence Dunbar.
  • The bridge carries approximately 15,000 vehicles per day and significant pedestrian traffic from the adjacent Sinclair Community College campus.
  • The bridge is a vital and highly visible transportation link for the city.
former bridge
Former Bridge
  • The former Fifth Street Bridge was a closed spandrel - filled arch structure constructed in 1916.
  • The bridge consisted of seven spans and was approximately 620 feet in length.
  • It was owned and maintained by the Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT).
new bridge appearance
New Bridge Appearance
  • ODOT Scope of Services – “Aesthetic values will be incorporated in the design. Possibilities include lighting, color, texture, and patterns”
  • Funding for aesthetic enhancements was limited
  • Build bridge desired by community with money ODOT was willing to spend ($7.3 million)
process for determining aesthetic enhancements
Process for Determining Aesthetic Enhancements
  • Conduct Opinion Leader interviews
  • Determine potential aesthetic opportunities, based on interviews
  • Conduct workshop with community leaders to discuss design preferences for new bridge
  • Develop renderings based on workshop input
  • Conduct second workshop to finalize aesthetic enhancements
  • Develop design based on second workshop input
opinion leader interviews
Opinion Leader Interviews
  • Question: “What does the community want to see after the new bridge is built?”
  • City of Dayton, Sinclair Community College, and Dayton Chamber of Commerce were interviewed, among others.
  • Answer: “Give us an arched bridge.”
potential aesthetic opportunities
Potential Aesthetic Opportunities
  • Other Great Miami River bridges in Dayton
  • Architectural influences in downtown area
  • Modern, Victorian, Classical, and Art Deco exist in close proximity to bridge
  • Architectural style impacts railing, lighting, and concrete color and texture
dayton s great miami river bridges
Stewart Street Bridge

(Built 1910-1911)

Dayton’s Great Miami River Bridges

Washington Street Bridge

(Built 1905-1906)

dayton s great miami river bridges1
Dayton’s Great Miami River Bridges

Monument Avenue

Bridge

(Built 1908-1909)

Edwin C. Moses

Boulevard Bridge

(Built 1925-1926)

architectural influences
Architectural Influences

Art Deco

Classical

Modern

workshop 1 determine design preferences
Workshop #1 – Determine Design Preferences
  • Describe scope of project
  • Display images of project area (both bridges and architectural styles of buildings)
  • Present examples of aesthetically-enhanced railing, lighting, and concrete color/texture from other bridges
  • Reach consensus on style (classical and art deco were preferred)
  • Ten different agencies were represented at Workshop #1
develop renderings based on workshop 1 input
Develop Renderings Based on Workshop #1 Input
  • Criteria
    • Unique
    • Conventional materials
    • Construction “friendly”
    • Cost effective
  • Previous experience aesthetic detail development
  • Numerous iterations/debates/arguments
  • B&N team included an architect, a graphic artist, bridge engineers, and other interested observers
  • Still friends afterward
similarities between classical and art deco
Similarities Between Classical and Art Deco
  • Both used conventional concrete I-beam interior beams with spliced haunched fascia girders for arched bridge appearance
  • Both utilized conventional materials and construction methods
  • Both met ODOT cost objectives for project
workshop 2 finalize aesthetic enhancements
Workshop #2 – Finalize Aesthetic Enhancements
  • Renderings presented for classical and art deco styling
  • Recorded comments and preference from each workshop participant
  • Both received positive comments from nearly everyone
  • Art deco most preferred
  • Community grateful for opportunity to participate in design process
construction costs
Construction Costs
  • Construction of the Fifth Street Bridge was completed in 2003.
  • The total construction cost for the project was approximately $6.7 million.
  • The cost of the new bridge alone (not including removal of the existing bridge) was $5.4 million, or $97 per square foot of bridge deck.
  • The cost of the bridge superstructure was $3.0 million, or $54 per square foot of bridge deck.