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  1. chapter28 Winter Sport Activities Luke E. Kelly

  2. Winter Sport Activities • Need for year-round activities • Benefits of winter sports • Fitness • Social • Competition options

  3. Common Winter Sports • Downhill skiing (alpine) • Snowboarding • Cross-country skiing (Nordic) • Ice skating • Ice picking • Sledding • Hockey • Curling

  4. Skiing • Benefit: Increased mobility for many individuals with disabilities • Preparations • Start with a conditioning program • Work on basic skills on dry land first • Proper clothing for conditions • Use appropriate equipment • Use appropriate assistive devices

  5. Skiing Instruction • Basic skills • Independence with equipment • Using lifts • Falling and standing • Moving forward • Stopping • Turning • Make it fun and successful!

  6. Common Assistive Devices • Ski-bra • Canting wedges • Outriggers • Three-track • Four-track • Sit-skis • Kayak-type poles

  7. Snowboarding • Can be learned by most individuals with disabilities • Consult qualified instructor • Selecting and fitting equipment • Competition • USASA • USDSSA

  8. Cross-Country Skiing • Great recreational and fitness activity • Minimizing the effect of gravity • Relatively inexpensive to participate • Skis (waxless vs. wax) • Poles • Shoes • Gaiters (continued)

  9. Cross-Country Skiing (continued) • Instruction • Use a track on flat terrain • Stress the push and glide technique • Dress in layers • Monitor for fatigue • Make initial instruction fun and successful

  10. Ski Organizations and Competitions • Disabled Sports, USA • Classification system • Events • Special Olympics • Classification system • Events • United States Association of Blind Athletes • Classification system • Events

  11. Ice Skating • Inexpensive and readily accessible • Proper fitting equipment and extra padding • Use skating aids • Make initial attempts successful and fun • Ice picking

  12. Special Olympics Skating Events • Classifications • Novice • Intermediate • Advanced • Figure skating • Singles • Pairs • Ice dancing • Speed skating • 100, 300, 500, 800, 1,000, 1,500 meters

  13. Curling • Popular international sport and in Olympics • Terms • House • Stone • Heads • Modifications • Rules, weights, distances, and boundaries • Learn and practice on non-ice surfaces

  14. Other Winter Activities Sledding, tobogganing • Inexpensive. • Good social recreational activities. • Wear proper clothing for conditions. • Use extra padding. • Make initial activities fun and successful. • Monitor fatigue.

  15. Hockey • Great recreational and fitness activity • Can modify equipment and boundaries to match the ability of the players • Stress safety (use extra padding) • Sledge hockey • Hockey organizations and competitions

  16. Inclusion • Winter sport activities can easily be modified to accommodate individuals with disabilities. • Many winter sport activities provide individuals with orthopedic impairments unique experiences such as speed! • Many students will require extra instruction and practice to be successful.