Urban Wildlife Management Plan • Students learn how to evaluate, improve or create small areas of wildlife habitat for selected species which may live near areas of human development.
Why This Event Is Of Value • Students learn that although many people live in or near urban development they can still enjoy backyard wildlife. • Loss of habitat threatens many species. • They learn that urban wildlife have the same basic habitat needs. • Participants “get a taste” of landscape design with an emphasis on preserving habitat for wildlife.
Urban Areas to Evaluate • Urban landscapes include seven categories. • 1. Urban forests • 2. Corridors • 3. Neighborhood parks, school grounds, and golf courses • 4. Vacant land and open areas • 5. Residential homes • 6. Apartment and business lots • 7. Inner city
Urban Wildlife Species • The species to be considered will be selected from a list of 16 animals, which are adapted and can survive near human development. • Robins, Butterflies, Cottontails, Fox Squirrels, Frogs, House Finches, House Sparrows, House Wrens, Hummingbirds, Common Nighthawks, Flickers, Raccoons, Pigeons, Sparrows, Starlings, & Bluebirds
Urban WMP’s - Event • Wildlife Management Map (10 points) • Draw a diagram of the site showing wildlife habitat and landscape features. • Wildlife Management Plan (20 points) • Write a one page management plan to explain your habitat recommendations. • Team event - all 4 team members work together • Time- 1 hour to complete
Materials Provided • Project site with well-marked boundaries • Field Condition Sheet • Landowner Objectives • Target species • Sketch of site showing existing features • Scale of sketch map • Special considerations (cats, children, etc.) • Tools: colored pencils, grid paper, symbol diagram, paper
Urban Habitat Needs • Food • target species, seasonal availability, natural vs. artificial, hazards • Water • location, depth, aquatic plants • Shelter • nesting, resting, hiding and predator protection • Corridors • travel and safety • Artificial feeders
Urban Practices • Brush piles • Corridors • Nesting boxes • Plant food plots • Plant mast trees • Pond construction • Water control structure • Wildlife damage management
Additional Urban-Only Practices • Do not disturb nesting areas • Plant flowers • Rooftop / balcony gardens • Use pesticide carefully
Example From 99 National Event • Area: Park surrounding the Student Center on the Kansas State Univ. campus. • Objectives: • The manager of the Center is a member of the Audubon Society and would like to see more Northern flickers and House wrens on the grounds. • The President of KSU is a mammalogist and would like to provide habitat for cottontails, foxsquirrels, and raccoons.
Example (continued) • Special Considerations • The stream has a tendency to dry up during hot summers. • The starling population has been increasing during the last five years. • The Center wishes to maintain a visually-pleasing landscape while promoting wildlife.
The Makings Of A Good Plan • Restate the management objectives. • Identify the target species. • Determine which practices benefit each species.
CONTINUED • Make an assessment of the current condition of the site. • Justify why you did or did not change existing vegetation. • Discuss conflicts and compromises. • How will you evaluate your success.
Things to Consider • Aesthetics : Does it make an attractive landscape? • Arrangement: Is the food near cover, etc. • Vertical habitat layers: grass, shrubs, trees • Access and human traffic: trails, fences, etc. • Timing: growth of vegetation, blooming or fruiting season • Plant characteristics: deciduous/ evergreen, annual/ perennial
Training the Team • First must memorize the Urban Chart • Organize a pattern or system for plan development • Practice writing using correct terminology • Writing and drawing should be neat and legible • Practice on a variety of urban site • Learn to work as a team and respect others opinions
Everyone has an opinion….. • “Why did the chicken cross the road?” • Captain Kirk: To boldly go where no chicken has gone before. • Einstein: It’s relative, the road actually moved under the chicken. • Darwin: Over great periods of time, chickens have been naturally selected to do this. • Cowboy: To prove to the armadillo that it could be done! • Colonel Sanders: Golly, I missed one!